Cobalt-rich lithiophorite from the Precambrian Eastern Ghats manganese ore deposit of Nishikhal, south Orissa, India

Open access

Cobalt-rich lithiophorite from the Precambrian Eastern Ghats manganese ore deposit of Nishikhal, south Orissa, India

Fine-grained aggregates of lithiophorite are associated with cryptomelane, romanèchite, birnessite and graphite in the Precambrian Eastern Ghats manganese ore deposit of Nishikhal, south Orissa, India. High-cobalt lithiophorite is reported for the first time from the manganese ores. The mode of occurrence and the chemical composition of the lithiophorite are discussed. Along with manganese and aluminium, the lithiophorite contains appreciable quantities of CoO (1.59-8.56%) together with trace amounts of Cu, Ni, Zn, Ti, Ca, Mg, Na, K and P. The Nishikhal lithiophorite is a transition metal-rich lithiophorite.

Acharya, B.C., Rao, D.S., Sahoo, R.K., & Dash, B. (1994). Phosphorous in the siliceous manganese ores of Nishikhal, Orissa. Indian Journal of Geology 66(1),15-23.

Acharya, B.C., Rao, D.S., & Sahoo, R.K. (1997). Mineralogy, chemistry and genesis of Nishikahl manganese ores of south Orissa, India. Mineralium Deposita 32(1),79-93.

Acharya, B.C., & Nayak, B.K. (1998). Mineral chemistry of manganese ores associated with Precambrian Eastern Ghats complex of Andhra Pradesh-Orissa, India. Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology 93(6), 214-231.

Acharya, B.C., & Dash, K.K. (2002). Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of manganese ores associated with the Precambrian Eastern Ghats Complex in Bolangir District, Orissa. Indian Journal of Geology 74(1-4), 115-144.

Das, S.K., Rajeev, Acharya, B.S., Muralidhar, J., & Sahoo, R.K. (2002). Characterisation of bulk nickeliferous laterites of Sukinda, Orissa. Indian Journal of Geology 74(1-4), 249-260.

De Villers, J.E., & Van der Walt, C.G.J. (1945). Lithiophorite from the Postmasburg manganese deposits. American Mineralogist 30, 629-634.

Dowding, C.E., & Fey, M.V. (2007). Morphological, chemical and mineralogical properties of some manganeserich oxisols derived from dolomite in Mpumalanga province, South Africa. Geoderma 141(1-2), 23-33.

Larson, L.T. (1970). Cobalt and nickel bearing manganese oxides from the Fort Payne Formation, Tennessee. Economic Geology 65, 952-962.

Llorca, S., & Monchoux, P. (1991). Supergene cobalt minerals from New Caledonia. Canadian Mineralogist 29, 149-161.

Manceau, A., Llorca, S., & Calas, G. (1987). Crystal chemistry of cobalt and nickel in lithiophorites and asbolane from New Caledonia. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 51(1), 105-113.

Mohanty, J.K., Rao, D.S., Das, B., & Rao, R.B. (2000). Mineralogy and pre-concentration of the chromite overburden of the Sukinda Ultramafic Belt, Orissa, India. CIM Magazine 93(1038), 37-43.

Mohapatra, B.K., Rao, D.S., Nayak, B.D., & Sahoo, R.K. (1996). Mineralogical and chemical characteristics of ferromanganese ores from Sandur, Karantaka, India. Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology 91(2), 48-61.

Mohapatra, B.K., Mishra, P.P., Singh, P.P., Paul, A.K., & Rajeev (2005). Co-rich lithiophorite in manganese Ores of the Bonai-Keonjhar Belt, Orissa. Journal of The Geological Society of India 66, 407-412.

Nahon, D., Beauvis, A., Nziengui-Mapangou, P., & Ducloux, J. (1984). Chemical weathering of Mn-garnet under lateritic conditions in North-West Ivory coast, (West Africa). Chemical Geology 45(1-2), 53-71.

Ostwald, J. (1984). Two varieties of lithiophorite in some Australian deposits. Mineralogical Magazine 48, 385-392.

Ostwald, J. (1988). Mineralogy of the Groote Eylandt manganese oxides: A review. Ore Geol. Reviews 4(1), 3-45.

Pauling, L., & Kamb, B. (1982). The crystal structure of lithiophorite. American Mineralogist 67, 817-821.

Plimer, I.R. (1990). Rare earth element enriched cobaltiferous wads, Bungonia, eastern Australia. Geologische Rundschau, Stuttagart 79(2), 171-182.

Post, J.E., & Appleman, D.E. (1994). Crystal structure refinement of lithiophorite. American Mineralogist 79(3-4), 370-374.

Rao, D.S., Acharya, B.C., & Sahoo, R.K. (1994). Pyrophanite from Nishikhal manganese deposit, Orissa. Journal of The Geological Society of India 44(1), 91-93.

Rao, D.S., Acharya, B.C., & Nayak, B.K. (2008). Hyalophane from Nishikhal manganese deposit, Orissa. Vistas in Geological Research. Utkal University Special Publication in Geology 7, 63-65.

Roy, S. (1981). Manganese deposits. London: Academic Press.

Wadsley, A.D. (1952). The structure of lithiophorite (Al, Li) MnO2 (OH)2. Acta Crystallographica 5, 676-680.

Wilson, M.J., Berrow, M.L., & McHardy, W. (1970). Lithiophorite from the Lecht Mines, Tomintoul, Banffshire. Mineralogical Magazine 37, 618-623.

Yongue-Fouateu, R., Ghogomu, R.T., Penaye, J., Ekodeck, G.E., Stendal, H., & Colin, F. (2006). Nickel and cobalt distribution in the laterites of the Lomie region, south-east Cameroon. Journal of African Earth Sciences 45(1), 33-47.

Mineralogia

The Journal of Mineralogical Society of Poland

Journal Information


CiteScore 2018: 0.48

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.185
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.14

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 210 152 11
PDF Downloads 88 81 13