Tourist Neo-colonialism as an Indication of the Future of Islands. The Example of Borobodur (Central Java)

Open access

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present the process of appropriation of public space by the tourism industry in island states with the example of the temple of Borobudur, addressing the question of the changing trends of the temple’s basic functions, from sacred to tourist functions, and the effects of the presented changes on the traditional users of the temple. The Borobudur temple complex has been (symbolically and practically) transferred from the hands of Buddhists into the hands of tourists. The Javanese cultural heritage has been commoditized in a systematic way and lacks religious functions. This is one example of how tourism increasingly appropriates spaces and redefines the meaning of cultural objects. Structural inhibitions to the Borobudur temple being used for traditional religious purposes can be considered an example of tourist neo-colonialism (both from the perspective of postcolonial theory and in light of previous research on the subject).

Appadurai, A 1996, Modernity at Large. Cultural Dimensions of Globalization, University of Minnesota Press, London.

Bauman, Z 1994, Dwa szkice o moralności ponowoczesnej, Instytut Kultury, Warszawa.

Breu, F, Guggenbichler, S & Wollmann, J 2008, Tourism Development Revisited Concepts, Issues and Paradigms, SAGE Publications, Dehli.

de Chavez, R 1999, Globalisation and tourism: deadly mix for indigenous peoples. Available from: [10 july 2014]

Errington, S 1993, ‛Making Progress on Borobudur: an old monument in new order’, Visual Anthropology Review, Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 32-59.

Fanon, F 1961, Les Damnés de la terre, ÉditionsMaspero, Paris.

Fanon, F 1967, Black Skin, White Masks, Grove Press, New York.

JanMohamed, AR 1985, ‛The Economy of Manichean Allegory: The Function of Racial Difference in Colonialist Literature’, Critiqual Intquiry, Vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 59-87.

Jędrusik, M 2005, Wyspy tropikalne. W poszukiwaniu dobrobytu, Wydawnictwo Uniwerystetu Warszawskiego, Warszawa.

Kausar, D., 2011, ‛Socio-economic Impacts of Heritage Tourism on Its Locality: A Case Study of Borobudur Temple Compounds World Heritage Site, Central Java’; Forum of International Developmet Studies, Vol. 40, pp. 131-150.

Kausar, D, Nishikawa, Y & Nishimura, Y 2011, ‘How could Management of Borobudur World Heritage Site be Enhances for Improving Tourism Impact for the Community?; A Preliminary Comparison witch Ankgor World Heritage Site’, Forum of International Developmet Studies, Vol. 40, pp. 31-42.

Loomba, A 2005, Colonialism/Postcolonialism, Routledge, London.

McElroy, JL 2003, ‘Tourism development in small islands across the world’. Geography Annals, 85B(4), pp. 231-242.

McKee, DL & Tisdell, CA 1990, Developmental issues in small island economies, Praeger, New York.

Mowforth, M & Munt, I., 2003, Tourism and sustainability: development and New tourism in the Third World, (2nd edition), Routledge, London.

Nandy, A 1983, The Intimate Enemy: Loss and Recovery of Self Under Colonialism, Oxford University Press, Dehli.

Nash, D 1989, ‘Tourism as a form of imperialism’ (In) Hosts and guests: The anthropology of tourism. (2nd edition). V. Smith, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.

Nkrumah, K 1965, Neo-Colonialism, The Last Stage of Imperialism, Thomas Nelson & Sons, Ltd., London.

Nunez, T 1989, ‘Touristic studies in anthropological perspective’. (In) Hosts and guests: The anthropology of tourism. (2nd edition). V. Smith, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.

Said, EW 1993, Culture and Imperialism, Vintage Books, London.

Schiller, H 1976, Communication and Cultural Domination, M.E. Sharpe, New York.

Soekmono, R 1976, Chandi Borobudur: A Monument of Mankind, The Unesco Press, Paris.

Miscellanea Geographica

Regional Studies on Development

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.73

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.404
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.759

Covered by e.g. Web of Science Core Collection by Clarivate Analytics, and SCOPUS by Elsevier
14 points in the Ministerial journal value rating scale

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 204 204 50
PDF Downloads 107 107 42