Labour productivity of agricultural business companies and cooperatives in the Czech Republic: A micro-regional level analysis

Open access

Abstract

Drawing on empirical evidence from the Czech Republic, differences in agricultural labour productivity at the micro-regional level are examined. The role of geographical factors: natural conditions, landscape fragmentation, localisation and urbanization economies, are discussed. In addition, we also test the effects of farm size structure to capture the results of internal scale economies. The key importance of natural conditions is confirmed: they were significantly more important than farm characteristics such as size structure, ownership status and mode of production. Regional agricultural labour productivity was positively influenced by the nominal price of agricultural land and population density. Surprisingly, micro-regions dominated by large farms performed at lower productivity levels than micro-regions with fragmented farm size structure in the Czech Republic.

ADAMOPOLOUS, T., RESTUCCIA, D. (2014): The Size Distribution of Farms and International Productivity Differences. American Economic Review 104(6): 1667–97.

ALAXIADIS, S., LADIAS, C., HASANAGAS, N. (2013): A regional perspective of the Common Agricultural Policy 30(1): 665–669.

ALVAREZ, A., ARIAS, C. (2004): The Size Distribution of Farms and International Productivity Differences. Agricultural Economics 30(3): 241–250.

ARCDATA PRAHA, CZECH OFFICE FOR SURVEYING, AND CZECH STATISTICAL OFFICE (2014): Digital Geographic Database ArcČR 500 (version 3.2). [online] Accessible at: http://www.arcdata.cz/produkty-a-sluzby/geograficka-data/arccr-500/

BALL, E., BUREAU, J. C., BUTAULT, J. P., NEHRING, R. (2001): Levels of Farm Sector Productivity: An International Comparison. Journal of Productivity Analysis 15(6): 5–29.

BARDHAN, P. (1973): Size, Productivity, and Returns to Scale: An Analysis of Farm-Level Data in Indian Agriculture. Journal of Political Economy 81(6): 1370–1386.

BELLETTI, G., MARESCOTTI, A., SANZ-CANADA, J., VAKOUFARIS, H. (2015): Linking protection of geographical indications to the environment: Evidence from the European Union olive-oil sector. Land Use Policy 48: 94–106.

BENTLEY, J. W. (1987): Economic and ecological approaches to land fragmentation: in defense of a much-maligned phenomenon. Annual Review 16: 31–67.

BHALLA, S., ROY, P. (1988): Mis-Specification in Farm Productivity Analysis: The Role of Land Quality. Oxford Economic Papers 40(1): 55–73.

BIČÍK, I., JANČÁK, V. (2005): Transformační procesy v českém zemědělství po roce 1990. Praha, Přírodovědecká fakulta Univerzity Karlovy.

BINSWANGER, H., ROSENZWEIG, M. (1986): Behavioural and material determinants of production relations in agriculture. Journal of Development Studies 22(3): 503–539.

BOJNEC, Š., LATRUFFE, L. (2013): Farm size, agricultural subsidies and farm performance in Slovenia. Land Use Policy 32(5): 207–217.

CHRASTINOVÁ, Z. (2008): Economic differentiation in Slovak agriculture. Zemědělská Ekonomika 11: 536–545.

CICCONE, A., HALL, R. (1996): Productivity and the Density of Economic Activity. The American Economic Review 86(1): 57–70.

COELLI, T., BATESE, G. (1996): Identification of factors which influence the technical inefficiency of Indian farmers. Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics 40(2): 103–128.

CSO (2009a): Population Statistics. Public Database. Prague, Czech Statistical Office, 2009 [online]. [cit. 10.4.2015]. Available at: https://vdb.czso.cz/vdbvo/uvod.jsp

CSO (2009b): Annual Survey of Economic Subjects in Selected Industries 2009. Prague, Czech Statistical Office, 2009 [online]. [cit. 10.4.2015]. Available at: http://www.czso.cz/csu/klasifik.nsf/i/vykazy

CSO (2009c): Structural Business Statistics. Public Database. Prague, Czech Statistical Office, 2009 [online]. [cit. 10.4.2015]. Available at: http://www.czso.cz/csu/klasifik.nsf/i/vykazy

CSO (2013a): Agricultural Production 2012. Prague, Czech Statistical Office, 2013 [online]. [cit. 17.9.2015]. Available at: http://www.apic-ak.cz/data_ak/13/k/Stat/ZemProdukce2012.pdf

CSO (2013b): Structural Survey in Agriculture – Regions 2013. Public Database. Prague, Czech Statistical Office, 2009 [online]. [cit. 10.9.2015]. Available at: https://www.czso.cz/csu/czso/zemedelstvi-celkem445

CUZK (2011): Souhrnné přehledy o půdním fondu z údajů Katastru nemovitostí České republiky. Praha, Český úřad zeměměřičský a katastrální.

CUERVA, M. C. (2012): Determinants of Labour Productivity Convergence in the European Agricultural Sector. Agrociencia 46(6): 621–635.

DAVIDOVA, S., GORTON, M., IRÁIZOZ, B., RATINGER, T. (2003): Variations in Farm Performance in Transitional Economies: Evidence from the Czech Republic. Journal of Agricultural Economics. 54(2): 227–245.

DAVIDOVA, S., LATRUFFE, L. (2007): Relationships between technical efficiency and financial management for Czech Republic farms. Journal of Agricultural Economics 58(2): 269–288.

DEININGER, K. (1995): Collective Agricultural Production: A Solution for Transition Economics? World Development 23(8): 1317–1334.

ESPOSTI, R. (2011): Convergence and divergence in regional agricultural productivity growth: evidence from Italian regions, 1951–2002. Agricultural Economics 42(2): 153–169.

EUROSTAT (2011): Large Farm Statistics. Brussel, Eurostat, 2011 [online]. [cit. 6.7.2015]. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Large_farm_statistics#Labour_force

EZCURRA, R., IRÁIZOZ, B., PASCUAL, P., RAPÚN, M. (2011): Agricultural productivity in the European regions: Trends and explanatory factors. European Urban and Regional Studies 18(2): 113–135.

GIANNAKIS, E., BRUGGEMAN, A. (2015): The highly variable economic performance of European agriculture. Land Use Policy 45(5): 26–35.

GIULIANI, E., BELL, M. (2005): The micro-determinants of meso-level learning and innovation: evidence from a Chileas wine cluster. Research Policy 34(1): 47–68.

GREŠLOVÁ, P., GINGRICH, S., KRAUSMANN, F., CHROMÝ, P., JANČÁK, V. (2015): Social metabolism of Czech agriculture in the period 1830–2010. AUC Geographica 50(1): 23–35.

GRIGG, D. (2003): An introduction to agricultural geography. London, Routledge.

HAYAMI, Y, RUTTAN, V. (1970): Agricultural Productivity Differences among Countries. The American Economic Review 60(5): 895–911.

HEADEY, D., ALAUDDIN, M., RAO, D. S. P. (2010): Explaining agricultural productivity growth: an international perspective. Agricultural Economics 41(1): 1–14.

HEIMLICH, R., BARNARD, C. (1992): Agricultural Adaptation to Urbanization: Farm Types in Northeast Metropolitan Areas. Northeastern Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 21(1): 50–60.

HELFAND, S., LEVINE, E. (2004): Farm size and the determinants of productive efficiency in the Brazilian Center-West. Agricultural Economics 31(2–3): 241–249.

HENDERSON, J. V. (2003): Marshall's scale economies. Journal of Urban Economics 53(1): 1–28.

HRADECKÝ, J., PÁNEK, T. (2008): Deep-seated gravitational slope deformations and their influence on consequent mass movements (case studies from the highest part of the Czech Carpathians). Natural Hazards 45: 235–253.

HRNČIAROVÁ, T. et al. (2010): Atlas krajiny České republiky. Praha, MŽP ČR. VÚKOZ, Průhonice.

KARAGIANNIS, G., SARRIS, A. (2005): Measuring and explaining scale efficiency with the parametric approach: the case of Greek tobacco growers. Agricultural Economics 33: 441–451.

KEMENY, T., STORPER, M. (2012): Specialization and Regional Economic Development. Regional Studies 49(6): 1003–1018.

KOFROŇ, J. (2012): Kvalitativní metody jako nástroj nomotetického poznání, aneb má se česká geografie co učit? Geografie 117(3): 308–328.

LATRUFFE, L., FOGARASI, J., DESJEUX, Y. (2012): Efficiency, productivity and technology comparison for farms in Central and Western Europe: The case of field crop and dairy farming in Hungary and France. Economic Systems 36(2): 264–278.

MARTIN, R. (2006): Pfadabhängigkeit und die ökonomische Landschaft. Berndt, Ch. & Glückler, J. [eds.] Denkanstöße zu einer anderen Geographie der Ökonomie, 47–76. Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.

MARTINÁT, S., KLUSÁČEK, P. (2014) Regional paths of agricultural labour force development in the Czech Republic: growth of labour productivity or ticking time bomb? In: 12th International scientific conference Economic policy in the European Union member countries (pp. 645–655). Opava, Silesian University in Opava.

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE (2015a): Government Regulation no. 72/2015 Coll., On conditions for providing payments to areas facing natural or other specific constraints. Prague, Ministry of Agriculture. [online] Available at: http://eagri.cz/public/web/mze/legislativa/pravni-predpisy-mze/tematicky-prehled/Legislativa-MZe_uplna-zneni_narizeni-vlady-2015-72.html

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE (2015b): Methodology for implementation of the Government Regulation No. 72/2015 Coll., about the conditions of payment for areas with natural or other specific constraints. Prague, Ministry of Agriculture.

NOVOTNÝ, I., VOPRAVIL, J., KOHOUTOVÁ, L., PORUBA, M., PAPAJ, V. KHEL, T., ŽIGMUND, I., VAŠKŮ, Z., TOMIŠKA, Z. KOUTNÁ, R., PACOLA, M., NOVOTNÝ, J., HAVELKOVÁ, L., BROUČEK, J., ŽÍŽALA, D. (2013): Metodika mapování a aktualizace bonitovaných půdně ekologických jednotek. 4. přepr. a dopl. vyd. Praha: VÚMOP.

PELUCHA, M., KVETON, V., JILKOVA, J. (2013): Territorial dimension of agro-environmental measures and LFA in rural development policy in the Czech Republic. Land Use Policy 34: 91–103.

PORTER, M., BOND, G. (2008): The California Wine Cluster. Harvard Business School Case 9-799-124.

RES (2009): Register of Economic Subjects. Prague, Czech Statistical Office.

RETORTILLO, M. M., PINILLA, V. (2014): On the causes of economic growth in Europe: why did agricultural labour productivity not converge between 1950 and 2005? DOI: 10.1007/s11698-014-0119-5.

ROUTLEDGE, D. T. (2003): Landscape indices as measures of the effects of fragmentation: can pattern reflect process? Wellington: Department of Conservation.

RUTTAN, V. W. (2002): Productivity Growth in World Agriculture: Sources and Constraints. The Journal of Economic Perspectives 16(4): 161–184.

SAKELLARIS, P., WILSON, D. (2004) Quantifying embodied technological change. Review for Economic Dynamics 7(1): 1–26.

SKLENICKA, P., MOLNAROVA, K., PIXOVA, K., SALEK, M. (2013): Factors affecting farmland prices in the Czech Republic. Land Use Policy 30(1): 130–136.

SOKOLOW, A. D. (2003): “California's edge problem: Urban impacts on agriculture.” In California Agriculture Dimensions and Issues, ed. Siebert: University of California Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources.

STŘELEČEK, F., LOSOSOVÁ, J. (2005): Regional classification of the Czech Republic based on the production orientation of agricultural enterprises. Agricultural Economics – Czech 51: 435–451.

TERLUIN, I. (2003): Differences in economic development in rural regions of advanced countries: An overview and critical analysis of theories. Journal of Rural Studies 19: 327–344.

VĚŽNÍK, A., BARTOŠOVÁ, L. (2004): Selected regional geographical differences of the Czech Republic agriculture, after the transformation processes. Zemědělská ekonomika 50(5): 207–216.

VĚŽNÍK, A., KONEČNÝ, O. (2011): Agriculture of the Czech Republic after accession to the EU: regional differentiation. Moravian Geographical Reports 19(1): 50–60.

VĚŽNÍK, A., KRÁL, M., SVOBODOVÁ, H. (2013): Agriculture of the Czech Republic in the 21st century: From productivism to post-productivism. Quaestiones Geographicae 32(4): 7–14.

VOLLRATH, D. (2007): Land Distribution and International Agricultural Productivity. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 89(1): 202–216.

VUMOP (2014): Database of evaluated soil ecological units. Brno, Research institute for soil and water conservation.

Moravian Geographical Reports

The Journal of Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.435
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.500



CiteScore 2017: 1.83

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.408
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.090

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 196 196 20
PDF Downloads 103 103 6