Heavy and light minerals as a tool for reconstructing depositional environments: an example from the Jałówka site (northern Podlasie region, NE Poland)

Open access

Abstract

Part of northern Podlasie (NE Poland), shaped during the Wartanian stadial of the Odranian glaciation (Saalian), was situated in the periglacial zone during the Vistulian (Weichselian) glaciation. Both landforms and sediments were affected by the periglacial conditions. This is recorded at the Jałówka site, at the floor of a dry valley, where mineral deposits of 4.13 m thick, overlying organic deposits from the Eemian interglacial, were examined. These mineral deposits form four units, from bottom to top: a fluvial unit (I), a loess-like unit (II), a solifluction unit (III), and an aeolian unit with ice wedges (IV) on top of unit III. The heavy and light minerals were analysed, as well as the geochemistry, in order to find out about the parent material and to reconstruct the climatic conditions during deposition. The mineral analysis indicates that the Saalian till was predominantly derived from shallow-marine deposits; erosion accompanied by sorting of the heavy minerals took place on the basis of their mass and grain size. The original material of the till seems therefore to be sedimentary rocks from the eastern Central Baltic Basin. This material became strongly weathered under the periglacial conditions, resulting in the destruction of the quartz grains, as well as in leaching, leading to complete decalcification of the deposits. Aeolian activity resulted in infilling of ice wedges and the creation of thin layers. The intensity and the duration of these processes was limited, so that the effects of the aeolian abrasion are insignificant. Neither resulted the aeolian activity in significant reshaping of the landscape.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Baltrūnas V. Švedas K. & Pukelytė V. 2007. Palaeogeography of South Lithuania during the last ice age. Sedimentary Geology 193 221-231.

  • Banaszuk H. 1998. Ranges and course of the Wisła and Warta glaciations in north-eastern Poland in the latest studies. [In:] K. Pękala (Ed.): Materiały IV ZjazduGeomorfologów Polskich. Wydawnictwo UMCS Lublin 233-240.

  • Banaszuk H. 2001. O zasięgu zlodowacenia wisły w Polsce północno-wschodniej na podstawie badań geomorfologicznych i termoluminescencyjnych [Defining the range of the Vistulian glaciation in north-eastern Poland on the basis of geomorphological and thermoluminestence investigations]. Przegląd Geograficzny 73 281-305.

  • Banaszuk H. & Banaszuk P. 2010. Zagadnienia morfogenezy Niziny Północnopodlaskiej [On the morphogenesis of the Północnopodlaska Lowland]. Politechnika Białostocka 170 pp.

  • Barczuk A. & Nejbert K. 2007. Analiza minerałów nieprzeźroczystych w badaniach skał okruchowych [Opaque-mineral analysis for investigation of clastic rocks]. [In:] E. Mycielska-Dowgiałło & J. Rutkowski (Eds): Badania cech teksturalnych osadów czwartorzędowychi wybrane metody oznaczania ich wieku [Investigation of the textural features of Quaternary sediments and some dating methods]. WSWPR Warszawa 205-228.

  • Barczuk A. & Mycielska-Dowgiałło E. 2001. Znaczenie składu mineralnego dla rozpoznania obecności procesów eolicznych [Interpretation of aeolian processes on the basis of the composition of mineral sediments]. [In:] E. Mycielska-Dowgiałło & J. Rutkowski (Eds): Eolizacja osadów jako wskaźnik stratygraficzny czwartorzędu [Aeolisation of sediments as an indicator of Quaternary stratigraphy]. WGSR Warszawa 39-42.

  • Bateman R.M. 1989. Interpretation of heavy mineral assemblages: outmoded art or undervalued science? 28th International Geological Congress (Washington DC)Abstracts 1 97-98.

  • Bateman R.M. & Catt J.A. 2007. Provenance and paleoenvironmental interpretation of superficial deposits with particular references to post-depositional modification of heavy mineral assemblages. [In:] M.A. Mange & D.T. Wright (Eds): Heavy minerals in use. Developments in Sedimentology (Elsevier Amsterdam) 58 151-188.

  • Borówka R.K. 1992. Przebieg i rozmiary denudacji w obrębie śródwysoczyznowych basenów sedymentacyjnych podczas późnego vistulianu i holocenu [The pattern and magnitude of denudation in intraplateau sedimentary basins during the late Vistulian and Holocene]. Wydawnictwo UAM Seria Geografia 54 177 pp.

  • Borówka R.K. 2007. Geochemiczne badania osadów jeziornych strefy umiarkowanej [Geochemical research on lacustrine deposits in moderate zone]. Studia Limnologicaet Telmatologica 1 33-42.

  • Boyle J.F. 2001. Inorganic geochemical methods in palaeolimnology. [In:] W.M. Last & J.P. Smol (Eds): Tracking environmental change using lake sediments. Physical and Geochemical Methods (Kluwer Academic Publishers Dordrecht) 2 83-141.

  • Briant R.M. Coope G.R. Preece R.C. Keen D.H. Boreham S. Griffith H.I. Seddon M.B. & Gibbard P.L. 2004. Fluvial system response to Late Devensian (Weichselian) aridity Baston Lincolnshire England. Journal of Quaternary Science 19 479-495.

  • Brud S. & Kupryjanowicz M. 2002. Eemian Interglacial deposits at Haćki near Bielsk Podlaski: implications for the limit of the last glaciation in northeastern Poland Geological Quarterly 46 75-80.

  • Cailleux A. 1942. Les actionnes éoliennes périglaciaires en Europe. Mémoires de la Société Géologique de France 41 1-176.

  • Chlebowski R. & Lindner L. 2004. Aspekty mineralogiczne w metodyce badań lessów na przykładzie lessów polskich i ukraińskich [Mineralogical issues in the methodology of loess analysis with examples from the loesses of Poland and Ukraine]. [In:] A. Kostrzewski (Ed.): Geneza litologia i stratygrafia utworówczwartorzędowych [Genesis lithology and stratigraphy of Quaternary deposits.] 4. Wydawnictwa Naukowe UAM Poznań 17-36.

  • Derkachev A.N. & Nikolaeva N.A. 2013. Possibilities and restrictions of heavy-mineral analyses for the reconstruction of sedimentary environments and source areas. Geologos 19 (this issue) 147-158.

  • Dietzel M. 2005. Impact of cyclic freezing on precipitation of silica in Me-SiO2-H2O systems and geochemical implications for cryosoils and -sediments. ChemicalGeology 216 79-88.

  • Durn G. Aljinovic D. Crnjakovic M. & Lugovic B. 2007. Heavy and light mineral fractions indicate polygenesis of extensive terra rossa soils in Istria Croatia. [In:] M.A. Mange & D.T. Wright (Eds): Heavy mineralsin use. Developments in Sedimentology (Elsevier Amsterdam) 58 701-737.

  • Dzierżek J. & Stańczuk D. 2006. Record and palaeogeographical implications of Pleistocene periglacial processes in the Drohiczyn Plateau Podlasie Lowland (Eastern Poland). Geological Quarterly 50 219-228.

  • Dylik J. 1953. O peryglacjalnym charakterze rzeźby środkowei Polski [The periglacial character of the relief of central Poland]. Łódzkie Towarzystwo Naukowe 24 109 pp.

  • Ehlers J. & Gibbard P. 2008. Extent and chronology of Quaternary glaciations. Episodes 31 211-218.

  • Florek W. & Mycielska-Dowgiałło E. 1991. Structural and textural character of alluvial deposits as an indicator of environmental conditions. [In:] F. Gullentops (Ed.): Wetlands in Flanders. Aardkundige Mededelingen 6 173-179.

  • Florek W. Florek E. & Mycielska-Dowgiałło E. 1987. Morphogenesis of the Vistula valley between Kępa Polska and Płock in the Late Glacial and Holocene. [In:] L. Starkel (Ed.): Evolution of the Vistula river valley during the last 15 000 years. Part II. GeographicalStudies Special Issue 4 189-205.

  • Franz S.O. Schwark L. Brüchmann C. Scharf B. Klingel R. Van Alstine J.D. Cagatay N. & Ülgen U.B. 2006. Results from a multi-disciplinary sedimentary pilot study of tectonic Lake Iznik (NW Turkey) - geochemistry and paleolimnology of the recent past. Journalof Paleolimnology 35 715-736.

  • French H.M. 2007. The periglacial environment (3rd ed.). J. Wiley and Sons Chichester 458 pp.

  • French H.M. & Guglielmin M. 2000. Cryogenic weathering of granite Northern Victoria Land Antarctica. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 11 305-314.

  • French H.M. & Shur Y 2010. The principles of cryostratigraphy. Earth-Science Reviews 101 190-206.

  • Goździk J. 1980. Zastosowanie morfoskopii i graniformametrii do badań osadów w kopalni węgla brunatnego “Bełchatów” [Application of morphoscopy and granimormometry for investigations of deposits in the “Bełchatów” brown coal mine]. Studia Regionalne 4 101-114.

  • Haldorsen S. Jørgensen P. Rappol M. & Riezebos P.A. 1989. Composition and source of the clay-sized fraction of Saalian till in The Netherlands. Boreas 18 89-97.

  • Jary Z. 1996. Chronostratygrafia oraz warunki sedymentacji lessów południowo-zachodniej Polski na przykładzie Płaskowyżu Głubczyckiego i Wzgórz Trzebnickich [Chronostratigraphy and conditions of loess sedimentation in north-western Poland with the Głubczyce Plateau and the Trzebnica Hills as examples]. Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis Studia Geographica 1766 99 pp.

  • Jary Z. 2007. Zapis zmian klimatu w górno plejstoceńskichsekwencjach lessowo-glebowych w Polsce i w zachodniejUkrainie [The record of the climate change in upper Pleistocene loess-soil successions in Poland and West Ukraine]. Promotor Media Wydawnictwo Wrocław 136 pp.

  • Kamińska R. Konecka-Betley K. & Mycielska-Dowgiałło E. 1986. The Liszyno dune in the Vistula Valley (east of Płock). Biuletyn Peryglacjalny 31 141-162.

  • Kasse C. Vandenberghe J. Van Huissteden J. Bohncke S.J.P. & Bos J.A.A. 2003. Sensitivity of Weichselian fluvial systems to climate change (Nochten mine eastern Germany). Quaternary Science Reviews 22 2141-2156.

  • Komar P.D. 2007. The entrainment transport and sorting of heavy minerals by waves and currents. [In:] M.A. Mange & D.T. Wright (Eds): Heavy minerals inuse. Developments in Sedimentology (Elsevier Amsterdam) 58 3-48.

  • Konishchev N.V. & Rogov V.V. 1993. Investigations of cryogenic weathering in Europe and Northern Asia. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 4 49-64.

  • Korotaj M. & Mycielska-Dowgiałło E. 1982. Würmian periglacial processes in the Kolno Plateau on the basis of sedimentological investigations with the use of a scanning electron microscope. Biuletyn Peryglacjalny 29 53-76.

  • Kowalkowski A. Mycielska-Dowgiałło E. 1985. Weathering of quartz grain in the liquefied horizon of permafrost solonchaks in the arid steppe zone Central Mongolia. Catena 12 179-190.

  • Krinsley D.H. Takahashi T. Silberman M.L. & Newman W.S. 1964. Transportation of sand grains along the Atlantic shore Long Island New York: an application of electron microscopy. Marine Geology 2 100-120.

  • Krumbein W.C. 1941. Measurement and geological significance of shape and roundness of sedimentary particles. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 11 64-72.

  • Krzywicki T. 2002. The maximum ice sheet limit of the Vistulian glaciation in north eastern Poland and neighbouring areas. Geological Quarterly 46 165-188.

  • Krzywicki T. 2012. Jaki zasięg zlodowacenia wisły w rejonie górnej Biebrzy? [What with the Vistulian ice sheet limit for the Upper Biebrza river Valley]. [In:] M. Błaszkiewicz & F. Brose (Eds): XIX Konferencja StratygrafiaPlejstocenu Polski pt. Korelacja osadów plejstocenuna pograniczu polsko-niemieckim w Dolinie Dolnej Odry(2012). PIG-BIP 69-73.

  • Kupryjanowicz M. 1991. Eemian early and late Vistulian and Holocene vegetation in the region of Machnacz peat-bog near Bialystok (NE Poland). ActaPalaeobotanica 31 215-225.

  • Kupryjanowicz M. 2007. Water level changes in the Eemian lakes and peat-bogs in the north Podlasie. Przegląd Geologiczny 55 336-342.

  • Kupryjanowicz M. 2008. Vegetation and climate of the Eemian and early Vistulian lakeland in Northern Podlasie. Acta Paleobotanica 48 (1) 130 pp.

  • Ludwikowska-Kędzia M. 2013. The composition of transparent heavy minerals in Quaternary sediments of the Kielce-Łagów valley (Holy Cross Mountains Poland). Geologos 19 (this issue) 95-129.

  • Łydka K. & Turnau-Morawska M. 1967. Minerały ciężkie w osadach trzeciorzędowych i plejstoceńskich w Marantowie k. Konina [Heavy minerals in Tertiary and Pleistocene deposits Marantów site near Konin]. Prace Instytutu Geologicznego Warszawa 48 137-144.

  • Marcinkowski B. & Mycielska-Dowgiałło E. 2013. Heavy-mineral analysis in Polish investigations of Quaternary deposits: a review. Geologos 19 (this issue) 5-23.

  • Marks L. 2012. Timing of the Late Vistulian (Weichselian) glacial phases in Poland. Quaternary Science Reviews 44 81-88.

  • Marks L. & Karabanov A. (Eds) 2011. Mapa geologicznapółnocnej części obszaru przygranicznego Polski i Białorusi1:250 000 z tekstem objaśniającym [Geological map of the northern part of the Polish/Belarus frontier at a scale of 1: 250 000 with explanatory text]. Państwowy Instytut Geologiczny/Państwowy Instytut Badawczy Warszawa.

  • Margolis S. & Kennett J.P. 1971. Cenozoic paleoglacial history of Antarctica recorded in subarctic deep-sea cores. American Journal of Science 271 36 pp.

  • Maruszczak H. 1986. Lessy w Polsce. Ich stratygrafia oraz interpretacja paleogeograficzna [Loesses in Poland their stratigraphy and paleogeographical interpretation]. [In:] H. Maruszczak (Ed.): Problems of thestratigraphy and palaeogeography of loesses. UMCS Lublin 1-200.

  • Micun K. 2004. Geneza i rozwój rzeźby Kotliny Biebrzy Górnej [Genesis and development of the upper Biebrza valley relief]. Ph.D. thesis WGiSR University of Warsaw Warszawa.

  • Micun K. 2006. Development of the peatlands in the Czapielówka stream spring zone against the background of the Knyszyńska Forest relief. Polish Journalof Environmental Science 15 (5D) 21-25.

  • Micun K. 2008. Zróżnicowanie litologiczne osadów w różnych częściach doliny Kamiennej na Wzgórzach Sokólskich na tle jej genezy [Lithological differentiation of sediments in different parts of the Kamienna valley in the Sokółka Hills against the background of its origin]. Landform Analysis 9 160-163.

  • Micun K. 2009. Lacustrine deposits in northern part of the Knyszyńska Forest - the remains of water bodies. Journal of Water Land Development 13b 137-147.

  • Middleton G.V. 1970. Experimental studies related to problems of flysch sedimentation. [In:] J. Lajoie (Ed.): Flysch sedimentology in North America. Geologic Associationof Canada Special Paper 7 253-272.

  • Migaszewski Z. & Gałuszka A. 2005. Podstawy geochemiiśrodowiska [Basics of environmental geochemistry]. Wydawnictwa Naukowo-Techniczne Warszawa 574 pp.

  • Mojski J.E. 2005. Ziemie Polskie w czwartorzędzie. Zarysmorfogenezy [Polish lands in the Quaternary. Morphogenetic outline]. Państwowy Instytut Geologczny Warszawa. 404 pp.

  • Morton A. Hounslow M.W. & Frei D. 2013. Heavy-mineral mineral-chemical and zircon-age constraints on the provenance of Triassic sandstones from the Devon coast southern Britain. Geologos 19 (this issue) 67-85.

  • Mycielska-Dowgiałło E. 1992. Desertification on the basis of sedimentological features of dune deposits. GeographicaPolonica 60 181-195.

  • Mycielska-Dowgiałło E. 1993. Estimates of Late Glacial and Holocene aeolian activity in Belgium Poland and Sweden. Boreas 22 165-170.

  • Mycielska-Dowgiałło E. & Cichosz-Kostecka A. 1987. Cechy tekstualne osadów aluwialnych Brenty (północne Włochy) [Textural features of Brenta alluvium (N Italy)]. Sprawozdania z Badań Naukowych 7 91-93.

  • Mycielska-Dowgiałło E. & Woronko B. 1998. Analiza obtoczenia i zmatowienia powierzchni ziarn kwarcowych frakcji piaszczystej i jej wartość interpretacyjna [Rounding and frosting analysis of quartz sand-grain surfaces and their interpretative significance]. PrzeglądGeologiczny 46 1275-1281.

  • Ostroumov V. Siegert Ch. Alekseev A. Demidov V. & Alekseeva T. 1998. Permafrost as a frozen geochemical barrier. Proceedings ‘Permafrost’ - Seventh International Conference (Yellowknife Canada). CollectionNordicana 55 855-859.

  • Passchier S. 2007. The use of heavy minerals in the reconstruction of ice-sheet drainage patterns: an example from the edge of the East Antarctic ice sheet. [In:] M.A. Mange & D.T. Wright (Eds): Heavy minerals inuse. Developments in Sedimentology (Elsevier Amsterdam) 58 677-699.

  • Pochocka-Szwarc K. Woronko B. Krzywicki T. & Rychel J. 2011. Interpretacja budowy geologicznej w odsłonięciach reperowych [The interpretation of geological structures in benchmark outcrops]. [In:] L. Marks & A. Karabanov (Eds): Mapa geologiczna północnejczęści obszaru przygranicznego Polski i Białorusi 1:250 000. [Geological map of the northern part of the Polish/Belarus frontier scale 1: 250000]. PIG-PIB Warszawa 30-44.

  • Racinowski R. & Rzechowski J. 1969. Minerały ciężkie w glinach zwałowych Polski Środkowej [Heavy minerals in boulder clays of central Poland]. KwartalnikGeologiczny 13 479-490.

  • Rappol M. & Stoltenberg H.M.P. 1985. Compositional variability of Saalian till in The Netherlands and its origin. Boreas 14 33-50.

  • Rizzetto F. Mycielska-Dowgiałło E. & Castiglioni G.B. 1998. Some aeolian features in the Po plain near Este (North Italy). Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria 21 245-253.

  • Rogov V.V. 1982. Quartz particle surfaces as evidence of cryogenic weathering. Problems of Cryolithology 10 68-75. (in Russian) Rychel J. Karasiewicz M.T. Krześlak I. Krzywicki T. Marks L. Noryśkiewicz B. Pochocka-Szwarc K. & Woronko B. 2012. Peryglacjalne przekształcenie rzeźby Wzgórz Sokólskich w ostatnim okresie zimnym [Periglacial transformations of the Sokółka Hills relief during the last cold period]. [In:]: D. Dzieduszyńska & M. Roman (Eds): Czynniki różnicowania rzeźby NiżuPolskiego (Uniejów 2012) 71-73.

  • Rychel J. Karasiewicz M.T. Krześlak I. Marks L. Noryśkiewicz B. & Woronko B. Paleogeography of the environment in north-eastern Poland recorded in an Eemian sedimentary basin based on the example of Jałówka site. Quaternary International (in press).

  • Stephani E. Fortier D. & Shur Y. 2010. Applications ofcryofacies approach to frozen ground engineering - casestudy of a road test site along the Alaska Highway (BeaverCreek Yukon Canada). GEO 2010 476-483.

  • Turner G. & Morton A.C. 2007. The effects of burial diagenesis on detrital heavy mineral grain surface. [In:] M.A. Mange & D.T. Wright (Eds): Heavy minerals in use. Developments in Sedimentology (Elsevier Amsterdam) 58 393-412.

  • Van Loon A.J. 1972/1973. “Habitus” of some heavy minerals from the Tertiary of Southern Limburg (The Netherlands). Mededelingen van de Rijks GeologischeDienst Nieuwe Serie 23 39-67.

  • Van Loon A.J. 2009. Unravelling the enigmas of the ‘silver sands’ in the Dutch/German/Belgian border area. Netherlands Journal of Geosciences 88 133-145.

  • Van Loon A. & Mange A.C. 2007. ‘In situ’ dissolution of heavy minerals through extreme weathering and the application of survival assemblages their dissolution characteristics to correlation of Dutch and German silver sands. [In:] M.A. Mange & D.T. Wright (Eds): Heavy minerals in use. Developments in Sedimentology (Elsevier Amsterdam) 58 189-213.

  • Van Vliet-Lanoë B. 2010. Frost action. [In:] G. Stoops V. Marcellino & F. Mees (Eds): Interpretation of micromorphologicalfeatures of soils and regoliths. Elsevier London 81-108.

  • Vareikienė O. Marmo J. Chernet T. & Laukkanen J. 2007. Results of heavy mineral pre-concentration by the Knelson for the geochemical study of soil: a case study in Lithuania. Geologija 60 1-9.

  • Vieira G. T. Mycielska-Dowgiałło E. & Woronko B. 2003. Sedimentological analysis of sandy-gravel accumulations Serra da Estrela plateau (Portugal). LandformAnalysis 4 99-107.

  • Wachecka-Kotkowska L. & Ludwikowska-Kędzia M. 2013. Heavy-mineral assemblages from fluvial Pleniglacial deposits of the Piotrków Plateau and the Holy Cross Mountains - a comparative study. Geologos 19 (this issue) 131-146.

  • Wajda W. 1970. Heavy minerals of the bottom sand (Polish) Baltic Coast. Annales de la Société Géologique de Pologne 40 131-149.

  • Weckwerth P. & Chabowski M. 2013. Heavy minerals as a tool to reconstruct river activity during the Weichselian glaciation (Toruń Basin Poland). Geologos 19 (this issue) 25-46.

  • Weibel R. & Friis H. 2007. Alteration of opaque heavy minerals as a reflection of the geochemical conditions in depositional and diagenetic environments. [In]: M.A. Mange & D.T. Wright (Eds): Heavy minerals in use. Developments in Sedimentology (Elsevier Amsterdam) 58 277-303.

  • Woo Ming-ko & Xia Z. 1995. Suprapermafrost groundwater seepage in gravelly terrain Resolute NWT Canada. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 6 57-72.

  • Woronko B. 2012a. Records of aeolian processes in the Pleistocenesandy sediments in selected areas of central andnorth-eastern Poland. WGiSR UW Warszawa 134 pp.

  • Woronko B. 2012b. Micromorphology of quartz grains as a tool in the reconstruction of periglacial environ ment. [In:]: P. Churski (Ed.): Contemporary issues inPolish geography Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe Poznań 111-131.

  • Woronko B. & Hoch M. 2011. The development of frost-weathering microstructures on sand-sized quartz grains: examples from Poland and Mongolia. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 22 214-227.

  • Woronko B. & Ostrowska M 2009. Wpływ środowiska fluwialnego na charakter powierzchni ziarn kwarcowych - dyskusja [The influence of a fluvial environment on the micromorphology of quartz grain surfaces - discussion]. [In:] A. Kostrzewski & R. Paluszkiewicz (Eds): Genesis lithology and stratigraphyof Quaternary deposits 5 605-622.

  • Wright J.S. 2000. The spalling of overgrowths during experimental freeze - thaw of quartz sandstone as mechanism of quartz silt production. Micron 31 631-638.

  • Wrotek. K 2009. Objaśnienia do Szczegółowej mapy geologicznejPolski w skali 1:50000 arkusz Dąbrowa Białostocka(225) [Explanatory text to the Detailed geological map of Poland scale 1:25000 Dąbrowa Białostocka sheet (225)]. CAG PIG-PIB Instytut Geologiczny 428 59 pp.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 1.19

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.306
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.937


Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 258 176 10
PDF Downloads 233 204 26