Commonly used earthquake source models

Open access

Abstract

Several important earthquake source models that have been extensively used in seismological research and earthquake prediction are presented and discussed. A new fault source model is used to explain the earthquake focal mechanism solution and tectonic stress field, which play a crucial role in earthquake initiation and preparation. The elastodynamic-dislocation theory is demonstrated which provides the theoretical background of most earthquake source models. Important earthquake source models reviewed here include the double-force-couple point-source model, the circular-shear dislocation model, the finite moving-source model, the Brune model, and the spherical explosive source model.

Aki, K., 1972. Earthquake mechanism. Tectonophysics 13, 421-466.

Aki, K. & Richards, P.G., 1980. Quantitative Seismology: Theory and Methods. W.H. Freeman, San Francisco, 557 and 993 pp.

Ben-Menahem, A., 1961. Radiation of seismic surfacewaves from finite moving sources. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 51, 401-435.

Brune, J.N., 1970. Tectonic stress and the spectra of seismic shear waves from earthquakes. Journal of Geophysical Research 75, 4997-5009.

Burridge, R. & Knopoff, L., 1964. Body force equivalents for seismic dislocations. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 54, 1875-1888.

Byerlee, J.D., 1970. Static and kinetic friction of granite at high normal stress. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Science & Geomechanics, Abstracts 7, 577-582.

Byerly, P., 1928. The nature of the first motion in the Chilean earthquake of November 11, 1922. American Journal of Science, Series 5, 16, 232-236.

Chen, Y.-T., Lin, B.-H., Li, X.-C., Wang, M.-Y., Xia, D.-D., Wang, X.-H., Liu, W.-Q. & Li, Z.-Y., 1976. Determination of the focus parameters of the small earthquakes in Qiaojia, Shimian, and the assessment of seismic hazard. Chinese Journal of Geophysics 19, 206-231.

Haskell, N., 1966. Total nergy and energy spectral density of elastic wave radiation from propagating faults, II, A statistical source model. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 56, 125-140.

Honda, H., 1957. The mechanism of the earthquakes. Science Report, Tohoku University, Series 5, Geophysics 9, Supplement, 1-46.

Kawasumi, H., 1937. An historical sketch of the development of knowledge concerning the initial motion of an earthquake. Publications du Bureau Central Seismologique International, series A, Travaux Scientifique 15, 1-76.

Li, Q.-Z., 1974. A method of studying mechanism of small earthquakes. Chinese Journal of Geophysics 17, 1-14.

Li, Q.-Z., Wang, Z.-G., Jia, Y.-N. & Jin, Y.-M., 1973. Stress fields of two zones obtained from single station data of small earthquakes. Chinese Journal of Geophysics 16, 23-34.

Lin, B.-H., Chen, Y.-T., Wei, F.-S. & Li, Z.-Y., 1979. Research of asymmetric bilateral rupture process and its application in Haicheng earthquake. Acta Seismologica Sinica 1, 17-26.

McKenzie, D.P., 1969. The relation between fault plane solutions for earthquakes and the directions of the principal stresses. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 59, 591-601.

Reid, H.F., 1990. The mechanics of the earthquake - The California warthquake of April 18, 1906. Report of the State Investigation Commission, Vol. 2. Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington D.C.

Savage, J.C., 1965. The effect of rupture velocity upon seismic first motions. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 55, 263-275.

Wyss, M. & Brune, J.N., 1967. The Alaska earthquake of 28 March 1964: A complex multiple rupture. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 57, 1017-1023.

Zhu, C.-Z., Fu, C.-H., Rong, Z.-G. & Luo, S.-L., 1977. Hypocentral parameters and quality factor of medium of small earthquakes before and after Haicheng earthquake. Acta Geophysica Sinica 20, 21-31.

Geologos

The Journal of Adam Mickiewicz University

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.72

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.249
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.601


Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 110 110 20
PDF Downloads 44 44 13