Conception of the Maritime Transport Safety in the Baltic Sea in 2009 to 2015

Open access


The maritime transport is particularly exposed to danger due to the environment of its operations. These are the threat dependent and independent of human e.g. environmental, safety health and life of humans or belongings. In spite of attempts to limit the risk of danger, it is impossible to completely eliminate it. The article presents some aspects of the state of transportation safety in the Baltic Sea from Statistical Yearbook of Maritime Economy and Helcom as well as attempt the undertaken to analyses the security state of this sea area in 2009 to 2015.

[1] Chauvin, C., Lardjane, S., Morel, G., Clostermann, J.P. & Langard, B. (2013). Human and organisational factors in maritime accidents: Analysis of collisions at sea using the HFACS. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 59, 26-37.

[2] Kristiansen, S. (2008). Marine safety – Background, In: A. Molland (Ed.), The Maritime Engineering Reference Book, Butterworth Heinemann, (Chapter 11), 786-875.

[3] European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA). (2009). Quality Shipping, Safer Seas, Cleaner Oceans. Lisbon 2009, from

[4] Hassler, B. (2010). Global regimes, regional adaptation; environmental safety in Baltic Sea oil transportation. Maritime Policy Management, 37, 489-503.

[5] Haapasaari, P., Helle, I., Lehikoinen, A., Lappalainen, J. & Kuikka, S. (2015). A proactive approach for maritime safety policy making for the Gulf of Finland: Seeking best practices. Marine Policy, 60, 107-118.

[6] International Maritime Organization (IMO). (2015). Vessel Traffic Services, from

[7] Zhang, J., Yan, X., Zhang, D., Haugen S. & Yang, X. (2014). Safety management performance assessment for Maritime Safety Administration (MSA) by using generalized belief rule base methodology. Safety Science, 63, 157-167.

[8] Grzelakowski, A.S. (2010). Rozwój transportu morskiego w regionie Morza Bałtyckiego (in Polish). Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Gdyni, 67, 73-88.

[9] Bogalecka, M. (2012). Bezpieczeństwo transportu morskiego w regionie Morza Bałtyckiego (in Polish). Journal of Management and Finance, 3(1), 574-584.

[10] Aps, R., Fetissov, M., Goerlandt, F., Helferich, J., Kopti, M. & Kujala, P. (2015). Towards STAMP based dynamic safety management of eco-sociotechnical maritime transport system. In 3rd European STAMP Workshop, STAMP UE 2015. Procedia Engineering, 128, 64-73.

[11] IMO, Designation of the Baltic Sea area as a particularly sensitive sea area. (2015). Resolution MEPC, 136(53).

[12] Aps, R., Fetissov, M., Goerlandt, F., Kujala, P. & Piel, A. (2017). Systems-Theoretic Process Analysis of maritime traffic safety management in the Gulf of Finland (Baltic Sea). In 4th European STAMP Workshop 2016. Procedia Engineering, 179, 2-12.

[13] Dyrcz, Cz. (2005). Terroryzm początku XX wieku jako zagrożenie bezpieczeństwa międzynarodowego i narodowego (in Polish), Gdynia: AMW.

[14] Nordström, J., Goerlandt, F., Sarsama, J., Leppänen, P., Nissilä, M., Ruponen, P., Lübcke, T. & Sonninen, S. (2016). Vessel TRIAGE: A method for assessing and communicating the safety status of vessels in maritime distress situations. Safety Science, 85, 117-129.

[15] MAIB. (2009). Report on the Investigation into the Flooding and Foundering of the Grab Hopper Dredger Abigail H in the Port of Heysham 2 November 2008 (No. 15/2009). Marine Accident Investigation Branch, Southampton, UK.

[16] MIT. (2013). Cruise Ship Costa Concordia Marine Casualty on January 13, 2012 – Report on the Safety Technical Investigation. Ministry of Infrastructures and Transports.

[17] MAIB. (2015). Report on the Investigation of the Grounding and Flooding of the ro-ro ferry Commodore Clipper in the Approaches to St Peter Port, Guernsey on 14 July 2014 (No. 18/2015). Marine Accident Investigation Branch, Southampton, UK.

[18] Björkman, A. (2007). Estonia re-visited. The Naval Architect, January, 6-7.

[19] Björkman, A. (1993). Sten Anderson ljuger om M/S ‘Jan Heweliusz’. Sten Anderson of the Swedish Maritime Administration Lies about M/S ‘Jan Heweliusz’ sinking 14 January 1993, from

[20] Luokkala, P. & Virrantaus, K. (2014). Developing information systems to support situational awareness and interaction in time-pressuring crisis situations. Safety Science 63, 191-203.

[21] Seppänen, H. & Virrantaus, K. (2015). Shared situational awareness and information quality in disaster management. Safety Science, 77, 112-122.

[22] Kopacz, Z., Morgaś, W. & Urbański, J. (2007). Europejski System Monitoringu Ruchu Statków i Informacji (in Polish). Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Marynarki Wojennej w Gdyni, 2(169), 41-58.

[23] Szubrycht, T. & Rokiciński, K. (2006). Gospodarka morska w świetle wybranych zagrożeń współczesnego świata (in Polish), Gdynia: AMW.

[24] Marcjan, K. & Gucma, L. (2014). Wykorzystanie analizy incydentów nawigacyjnych w celu oceny bezpieczeństwa nawigacyjnego na obszarach Morza Bałtyckiego o dużym zagęszczeniu ruchu statków (in Polish). Prace Naukowe Politechniki Warszawskiej. Transport, 102, 77-86.

[25] Annual report on shipping accidents in the Baltic Sea area during 2012. (2012). Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM).

[26] Statistical Yearbook of Maritime Economy. (2015). Warsaw-Szczecin.

[27] Statistical Yearbook of Maritime Economy. (2014). Warsaw-Szczecin.

[28] Statistical Yearbook of Maritime Economy. (2016). Warsaw-Szczecin.

[29] Łusznikow, E.M. & Ferlas, Z. (1998). Bezpieczeństwo Żeglugi (in Polish). Szczecin: Wyższa Szkoła Morska w Szczecinie.

[30] Wróbel, K. (2009). Zintegrowane systemy bezpieczeństwa morskiego (in Polish). Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Gdyni, 63, 95-103.

[31] Naus, K. (2008). Możliwości wykorzystania Systemu Wymiany Bezpieczeństwa Żeglugi w zarządzaniu kryzysowym (in Polish). Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Marynarki Wojennej w Gdyni 4(175), 71-76.

[32] UN. (1979). International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue.

[33] IMO. (1974). International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS).

[34] ICAO, IMO. (2013). International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual. Int. Civ. Aviat. Organ. Int. Marit. Organ. I–III.

[35] Helsinki Commission (HELCOM). (2007). HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan. HELCOM Ministerial Meeting, Krakow, Poland, 15 November 2007, from

[36] Backer, H., Leppänen, J., Brusendorff, A.C., Forsius, K., Stankiewicz, M., Mehtonen, J., Pyhäläa, M., Laamanen, M., Paulomäki, H., Vlasov, N. & Haaranen, T. (2010). HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan, and regional programmer of measures for the marine environment based on the Ecosystem Approach. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 60(5), 642-649.

[37] Commission of the European Communities (CEC). (2009). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions concerning the European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, COM (2009). 248 final; Brussels, 10.6.2009.

[38] Arslan, V., Kurt, R.E., Turan, O. & De Wolff, L. (2016). Safety culture assessment and implementation framework to enhance maritime safety. In 6th Transport Research Arena, 18-21 April 2016. Transportation Research Procedia, 14, 3895-3904.

[39] Lizbetin, J. & Stopka, O. (2016). Practical application of the methodology for determining the performance of a combined transport terminal. In 3rd International Conference on Traffic and Transport Engineering (ICTTE), 24-25 November 2016 (pp. 382-387). Beograd, Serbia.

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 157 157 19
PDF Downloads 66 66 23