English Language Teacher Education: Notes on The Past And Future

Open access

Abstract

The first part of this paper considers approaches to teacher education for EFL developed during the 1960s-1990s, drawing upon two sources: the taxonomy of three approaches proposed by Wallace (1991) and personal reminiscence. It discusses each of Wallace's approaches in turn: craft, 'applied science', and reflective practice.The second part considers whether these approaches are adequate models for teacher education now. I suggest that while they are still relevant, they are also too inward looking for contemporary needs.They need to be supplemented with a more outward looking approach, in which teachers are prepared to engage with four aspects of the contemporary context: new communication technologies, the new global linguistic landscape, the relationship between English and learners' own languages, and the rival political views of English language learning as promoting either a global neoliberal agenda or a global civil society.

Allen, J. P. B. 1983. ‘General Purpose Language Teaching: a variable focus approach'.

In Brumfit, C.J.(ed.) General English Syllabus Design. Oxford: Pergamon 61-74.

Allwright Dick 2012. IATEFL Research SIG event 'Exploratory Practice' Leicester, UK, 7 July 2012.

Anthony, Edward M. 1963. “Approach, method and technique.”English Language Teaching 17: 63-57

Birch, Barbara 2009. The English Language Teacher and Global Civil Society.London: Routledge.

Block, D. 2003. The Social Turn in Second Language Acquisition.Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Block, David, John Grey and MarnieHolborow. 2012. Neoliberalism and Applied Linguistics, Routledge.

Brooks-Lewis, K. A. 2009. Adult Learners’ Perceptions of the Incorporation of their L1 in Foreign Language Teaching and Learning.Applied Linguistics, 30/2: 216-235.

Brumfit, C. J. 1995. Teacher professionalism and research. In Guy Cook and Barbara Seidlhofer (eds.). Principle and practice in applied linguistics. Oxford:Oxford UP: 27-42.

Chomsky, Noam 1965. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT.

Chomsky, Noam. 1988. Language and the problems of knowledge: The Managua lectures.MIT Press.

Clark, John. 1987. Curriculum Renewal in School Foreign Language Learning. Oxford: Oxford University Press Cogo, Alessia.and Martin Dewey 2012. Analysing English as a Lingua Franca: A corpus- based investigation.London: Continuum.

Collini, Stefan 2012. What are universities for? London: Penguin.

Collini, Stefan. 2011. From Robbins to McKinsey. London Review of Books 33/16:9-14.

Cook, Guy 2003. Applied Linguistics. (In the series Oxford Introductions to Language Study) Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cook, Guy 2010. Translation in Language Teaching: an argument for reassessment Oxford University Press.

Crystal, David 2012. A global language. In P. Seargeant and J. Swann (eds) English in the world: history, diversity, change. Abingdon: Routledge.

Edstrom, A. (2006). L1 Use in the L2 Classroom: One Teacher’s Self-Evaluation. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 3/2: 275-292.

Ellis, Rod and NatsukoShintani.2013 Exploring Language Pedagogy through Second Language Acquisition Research. London: Routledge.

Freeman, Donald. 1996. ‘Redefining the relationship between research and what teachers should know’ in K.M. Bailey and D. Nunan (eds.), Voices from the Language Classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 88-115.

Hall, Graham and Guy Cook (2012) 'Own language use in language teaching and learning: the state of the art.' Language teaching 45/3: 271-308.

Harris, Roxy 2012.Intellectuals, Academics, or Knowledge Workers Unpublished seminar paper, King's College London.

Haycraft, John 1998. Adventures of a Language Traveller.London: Constable.

Heilbron, JohanStructure and Dynamics of the World System of Translation UNESCO, International Symposium ‘Translation and Cultural Mediation’, February 22-23, 2010. Available on-line http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/files/40619/12684038723Heilbron.pdf/Heilbr on.pdf Howatt, A. P. R. with H.G.Widdowson. 2004. A History of English Language Teaching. (second edition) Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Jakobson, R. 1960. 'Closing statement: linguistics and poetics' in T.A. Sebeok (ed.)Style in Language. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

Kaldor, M. 2003. Global Civil Society: An End to War. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Kramsch, Claire 2009. The Multilingual Subject Oxford University Press. Rampton, Ben. 1990. "Displacing the 'native speaker': Expertise, affiliation and inheritance." ELT Journal44(2).

Schneider, E. W. 2011. English around the world: an introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press London: Routledge.

Seidlhofer, Barbara 1999. "Double standards: Teacher education in the expanding circle." World Englishes18/2: 233-245.

Seidlhofer, Barbara 2011. Understanding English as a lingua franca. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Skilbeck, M. 1982. 'Three Educational ideologies' in T.Horton and Raggat (eds.) Challenge and Change in the Curriculum. Sevenoaks: Hodder and Stoughton.

Tagg, Caroline. Forthcoming 2014.Exploring Digital Communication. London: Routledge.

Thornbury, Scott 2001 Lighten up. A reply to Angeles Clemente. ELT Journal 55/4

Wallace, Michael 1991. Training Foreign Language Teachers: a reflective approach Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Widdowson, H. G. 1983 Learning Purpose and Language Use. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Widdowson, H. G. 1984. ‘Models and Fictions’ in Explorations in Applied Linguistics 2: 7-21. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Widdowson, H. G. 1990. 'Pedagogic research and teacher education'. In Aspects of Language Teaching, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Widdowson, H. G. 1994. The Ownership of English.’TESOL Quarterly 28:377-389.

Widdowson, H. G. 2003. Defining Issues in English Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Linguaculture

The Journal of Linguaculture Centre for (Inter)cultural and (Inter)lingual Research, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 407 407 23
PDF Downloads 128 128 5