Boron and manganese fractions in dystrophic lake waters (Wigry National Park, NE Poland)

Open access


Physicochemical studies in four dystrophic lakes (Suchar Wielki, Suchar II, Suchar IV, and Wądołek) were carried out in Wigry National Park, NE Poland. Total manganese concentrations oscillated within the range of 386.6-647.5 μg Mn dm-3, while those of soluble reactive manganese, 112.5-328.2 μg Mn dm-3. Fairly high boron contents were recorded in the studied lakes, which amounted to 0.09-2.20 mg B dm-3. The increase in dissolved reactive manganese (DRMn) and decrease in dissolved boron concentration with the lake depth were observed. Almost half (47%) of the total manganese pool was composed of dissolved reactive soluble fraction (DRMn), then dissolved organic form (DOMn, 41%), whereas the particulate fraction (PMn) made up the smallest share (12%). Microbial decomposition of lake organic matter disappears and requirements of authotrophic plankton for Mn2+ decreases when the water temperature drops, thus the fraction prevails. The following regularity was recorded in all analysed dystrophic lakes: iron concentration decreases along with the depth, hence boron content can also be observed due to precipitated borates to bottom sediments, where they are accumulated.

Chauveheid E., Denis M., 2004, The boron - organic carbon correlation in water, Water Res. 38(7): 1663-1668.

Cudowski A., Górniak A., 2006, Effects of Narew river damming in the Siemianówka Reservoir on manganese forms in river water, Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 15(5D, Part II): 457-461.

Czeczuga B, Czerpak R., 1969, Studies on dynes found in Chlorobium limicola Nads (Chlorobacteriaceae) from the Wądołek Lake, Hydrobiologia 31: 561-571.

Gonfiantini R., Pennisi M., 2006, The behaviour of boron isotopes in natural waters and in water-rock interactions, J. Geochem. Explor. 88: 114-117.

Górniak A., 1996, Substancje humusowe i ich rola w ekosystemach słodkowodnych (Humus substances and their role in freshwater functioning), Diss Univ. Varsoviensis 448, Białystok, p. 151 (in Polish).

Górniak A. 2004, Zaawansowanie dystrofii sucharów Wigierskiego Parku Narodowego (Dystrophy advance in suchar type lakes of Wigry National Park), Rocz. Augustowsko- Suwalski 4: 45-52 (in Polish).

Górniak A. (ed.), 2006, Ekosystem zbiornika Siemianówka w latach 1990-2004 i jego rekultywacja (Ecosystem of the Siemianówka dam reservoir in the years 1990-2004 and its recultivation), Wyd. UwB, Białystok, p. 236 (in Polish).

Górniak A., Grabowska M., Dobrzyń P., 1999, Fitoplankton trzech jezior dystroficznych Wigierskiego Parku Narodowego (Phytoplankton of three dystrophic lakes of Wigry National Park), [in:] Zdanowski B., Kamiński M., Martyniak A. (eds), Funkcjonowanie i ochrona ekosystemów wodnych na obszarach chronionych (Functioning and protection of aquatic ecosystems in protected areas), Wyd. IRŚ, Olsztyn: 361-370 (in Polish).

Górniak A., Jekatierynczuk-Rudczyk E., Dobrzyń P., 1999, Hydrochemistry of Three Dystrophic Lakes in Northeastern Poland, Acta Hydroch. Hydrob. 27(1): 12-18.

Górniak A., 2006, Jeziora Wigierskiego Parku Narodowego. Aktualna jakość i trofia wód (Lakes of the Wigry National Park. Current water quality and trophy), Wyd. UwB, Białystok, p. 176 (in Polish).

Hermanowicz W., Dożańska W., Dojlido J., Kosiorowski B., 1976, Fizyczno-chemiczne badanie wody i ścieków (Physico-chemical examination of water and wastewater), Arkady, Warszawa, p. 846 (in Polish).

Kabata-Pendias A., Pendias H., 1979, Pierwiastki śladowe w środowisku biologicznym (Trace elements in the biological environment), Wyd. Geol., Warszawa, p. 300 (in Polish).

Kabata-Pendias A., Pendias H., 1999, Biogeochemia pierwiastków śladowych (Biogeochemistry of trace elements), PWN, Warszawa, p. 397 (in Polish).

Matoh T., 1997, Boron in plant cell walls, Plant Soil 193: 59-70.

Miernik D., 1994, Rola manganu w procesie fotosyntezy (The role of manganese in photosynthesis), Wiad. Chem. 48: 49-56 (in Polish).

Starmach K., Wróbel S., Pasternak K., 1976, Hydrobiologia. Limnologia (Hydrobiology. Limnology), PWN, Warszawa, p. 621 (in Polish).

Wetzel R.G., 2001, Limnology. Lake and river ecosystems, Academic Press, San Diego, p. 1066.

Zieliński P., Górniak A., 1999, Analizy rozpuszczonego węgla organicznego w wodach naturalnych, (Analyses of dissolved organic carbon in natural waters), Aparat. Bad. Dydakt. 3: 37-45 (in Polish, English summary).

Limnological Review

The Journal of Polish Limnological Society

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 127 124 13
PDF Downloads 46 46 7