American postmodern poetic texts: in search of rhythmicity

Open access

Abstract

This paper highlights the results of the experimental phonetic research on American postmodern poetic texts, voiced by their authors. The acoustic analysis of fundamental frequency, duration, and intensity of rhythmic groups proves their rhythm-creating ability. Arrhythmicity is seen as a means of creating the effect of defeated expectancy, emphasizing those speech fragments, which are crucial in the decoding of the author’s intention.

Abercrombie, D. (1967). Elements of general phonetics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Adams, C. (1979). English speech rhythm and the foreign learner. The Hague: Mouton.

Alexiyevets, O. (2017). Prosody of the viewpoint in political discourse. In Lege artis. Language yesterday, today, tomorrow. The journal of University of SS Cyril and Methodius in Trnava. Warsaw: De Gruyter Open, 2017, vol. II (1), June 2017, p. 4-41. DOI: 10.1515/lart-2017-0001

Arvaniti, A. (2012). The usefulness of metrics in the quantification of speech rhythm. In Phonetics, 40, p. 351-373.

Attridge, D. (1995). Poetic rhythm. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Babeliuk, O.A. (2009). The principles of postmodern text writing of modern American prose of short form. Drohobych: Vymir. / Babeliuk O.A. Pryntsypy postmodernists’koho tekstotvorennya suchasnoyi amerykans’koyi prozy maloyi formy. Drohobych: Vymir. / Бабелюк О.А. Принципи постмодерністського текстотворення сучасної американської прози малої форми. Дрогобич: Вимір.

Brown, S. & Weishaar, K. (2010). Speech is “heterometric”: The changing rhythms of speech. In Proceedings of speech prosody, Chicago, USA, 10-14 May, 2010. Available at: http://speechprosody2010.illinois.edu/papers/100074.pdf

Carkic, M.Ž. (2010). On poetic language. Belgrade: Institute of the Serbian language, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

Ciplijauskaité, B. (1992). Recent poetry and the essential word. In Studies in 20th century literature, 16 (1). Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.4148/2334-4415.1295

Conte, M.J. (1991). Unending design: The forms of postmodern poetry. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Cook, A.S. (2007). Forces in modern and postmodern poetry. New York: Peter Lang Inc., International Academic Publishers.

Couper-Kuhlen, E. (1993). English speech rhythm: Form and function in everyday verbal interaction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing.

Crystal, D. (1987). Clinical linguistics. London: Edward Arnold.

Denysova, T.N. (2002). Modern American literature: Problems of studying and teaching. Mykolaiv: Mykolaiv Petro Mohyla State University. / Denysova T.N. Suchasna amerykans’ka literatura: Problemy vyvchennya ta vykladannya. Mykolayiv: Vydavnytstvo MDGU imeni Petra Mohyly. / Денисова Т.Н. Сучасна американська література: Проблеми вивчення та викладання. Миколаїв: Видавництво МДГУ ім. Петра Могили.

Dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. (1985). Crystal, D. (ed.). 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell.

Esser, J. (2011). Rhythm in speech, prose and verse: A linguistic description. Berlin: Logos Verlag.

Handel, S. (1989). Listening. An introduction to the perception of auditory events. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Harding, D.W. (2010). Words into rhythm: English speech rhythm in verse and prose. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ivaniuk, B.P. (2007). Poetic speech. Glossary of terms. Moscow: Flinta: Nauka. / Ivaniuk, B.P. Poeticheskaya rech’. Slovar’ terminov. Moskva: Flinta, Nauka. / Иванюк Б.П. Поэтическая речь. Словарь терминов. Москва: Флинта: Наука.

Jacoby, P.R. (2000). Postmodernist poetry: A movement or an indulgence? (A study of Elizabeth Bishop, Sylvia Plath, and Anne Sexton). Available at: https://ru.scribd.com/document/252699847/Postmodernist-Poetry

Jakobson, R. (1979). Selected writings: On verse, its masters and explorers. The Hague: Mouton Publishers.

Kalyta, A.A. (2001). Phonetic means’ of sense actualization of the English emotional utterance. Kyiv: Vydavnychyj tsentr KNLU. / Kalita A.A. Fonetychni zasoby aktualizatsiyi emotsijnoho vyslovliuvannya. Kyiv: Vydavnychyi tsentr KNLU. / Калита А.А. Фонетичні засоби актуалізації смислу англійського емоційного висловлювання. Київ: Видавничий центр КНЛУ.

Karpichenkova, E.P. (1981). The role of the temporal component in the rhythmic organization of the verse (phonetic research on the material of modern English poetry). Thesis for the Candidate Degree in Philology, Speciality 10.02.04 – Germanic Languages. Moscow: Moscow Moris Torez State Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages. / Karpichenkova, E.P. Rol’ temporal’nogo komponenta v ritmicheskoj organisatsii stikha (eksperymental’no-foneticheskoye issledovaniye na materiale sovremennoj anglijskoj poezii). Dissertatsiya na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata filologicheskikh nauk. Moskva: Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj pedagogicheskij institut imeni Morisa Toreza. / Карпиченкова Е.П. Роль темпорального компонента в ритмической организации стиха (экспериментально-фонетическое исследование на материале современной английской поэзии). Диссертация на соискание степени кандидата филологических наук. Москва: Московский государственный педагогический институт иностранных языков им. Мориса Тореза.

Kawaguchi, Y., Fonagy, I. & Moriguchi, T. (2006). Prosody and syntax: Cross-linguistic perspectives. Tokyo: John Benjamins Publishing.

Kohler, K.J. (2009). Rhythm in speech and language: A new research paradigm. In Phonetica, 66 (1-2), p. 29-45. DOI: 10.1159/000208929

Lehiste, I. (1977). Isochrony reconsidered. In Journal of phonetics, vol. 5, p. 253-263.

Lilja, E. Towards a theory of aesthetic rhythm. Available at: http://lir.gu.se/digitalAssets/1269/1269291_TowardsTheoryRhythm.pdf

Malashchuk-Vyshnevs’ka, N.V. (2014). The poetics of nonsense in verse texts in American modernism and postmodernism: Stylistic and cognitive aspects. Thesis for the Candidate Degree in Philology, Speciality 10.02.04 – Germanic Languages. Kyiv: Kyiv National Linguistic University. / Malashchuk-Vyshnevs’ka N.V. Poetyka nonsensu v amerykans’kykh virshovanykh tekstakh modernizmu i postmodernizmu: Stylistychnyj ta kohnityvnyj aspekty. Dysertatsiya na zdobuttya vchenoho stupenia kandydata filolohichnykh nauk. Kyiv: Kyivs’kyj natsional’nyj linhvistychnyj universytet. / Малащук-Вишневська Н.В. Поетика нонсенсу в американських віршованих текстах модернізму і постмодернізму: Стилістичний та когнітивний аспекти / Дис. … кандидата філологічних наук / Київ: Київський національний лінгвістичний університет. 10.02.04 – германські мови..

Martin, M. (2012). The rise and fall of meter: Poetry and English national culture, 1860-1930. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

May, J.M. & Wisse, J. (2001). Cicero. On the ideal orator. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Merriam-Webster online dictionary. Available at: https://www.merriam-webster.com/

Musiienko, Yu. (2017). Linguo-cognitive and pragmatic features of the prosodic organisation of English parables. In Lege artis. Language yesterday, today, tomorrow. The journal of University of SS Cyril and Methodius in Trnava. Warsaw: De Gruyter Open, 2017, vol. II (1), June 2017, p. 210-261. DOI: 10.1515/lart-2017-0006

Nell, S.D. (1993). Toward a theory of rhythm in French poetry: Computer assisted recognition of rhythmic groups in traditional isometrical alexandrines. Available at: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01830070

Nemerov, H. (1993). A Howard Nemerov reader. Washington: University of Missouri Press.

Nespor, M. (1990). On the rhythm parameter in phonology. In Logical issues in language acquisition. Roca, I. (ed.). Foris, Dordrecht, p. 157-175.

Nunning A. (1997). Crossing borders and blurring genres: Towards a typology and poetics of postmodernist historical fiction in England since the 1960s. In European journal of English studies. London: Taylor & Francis, vol. 1, p. 217-238.

O’Connor, J.D. (1977). Phonetics. Wallingford, United Kingdom: Penguin Books Ltd.

Oxford English dictionary. (1989). 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available at http://www.oed.com

Perloff, M. (1998). After free verse: The new non-linear poetries. Available at: http://epc.buffalo.edu/authors/perloff/free.html

Pochynok, Yu.M. (2015). Ukrainian experimental poetry of the late XX – early XXI century: Text, context, intertext. Thesis for the Candidate Degree in Philology, Specialty 10.02.06 – Theory of Literature. Lviv: Lviv Ivan Franko National University. / Pochynok Yu.M. Ukrayins’ka eksperymental’na poeziya kintsya ХХ – pochatku ХХІ stolittia: Tekst, kontekst, intertekst. Dysertatsiya na zdobuttia vchenoho stupenia kandydata filolohichykh nauk. L’viv: L’vivs’kyj natsional’nyj universytet imeni Ivana Franka. / Починок Ю.М. Українська експериментальна поезія кінця ХХ – початку ХХІ століття: Текст, контекст, інтертекст / Дис. … канд. філол. наук / Львів: Львівський національний університет імені Івана Франка. 10.01.06 – теорія літератури.

Poetry foundation. Available at: http://www.poetryfoundation.org/

Roach, P. (1991). English phonetics and phonology. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rollison, D.J. (2003). The poem on the page: Graphical prosody in postmodern American poetry. In An interdisciplinary annual of textual studies, 15, p. 291-303.

Suppes, P. (2009). Rhythm and meaning in poetry. In Midwest studies in philosophy. New York: Wiley, 23, p.159-166.

Unconventional poetry. Available at: http://hellopoetry.com/words/76643/unconventional/poems/

Vorobyova, O.P. (2012). The taste of “Chocolate”: Intermediality and emotional resonance. In Visnyk of Kyiv national linguistic university. Kyiv: Vydavnychyi tsentr KNLU, 1 (15), p. 5-11. / Vorobyova O.P. Smak “Shokoladu”: Intermedial’nist’ j emotsijnyj rezonans. In Visnyk Kyyivs’koho natsional’noho linhvistychnoho universytetu. Kyiv: Vydavnychyi tsentr KNLU, 1 (15), s. 5-11. / Воробйова О.П. Смак “Шоколаду”: Інтермедіальність й емоційний резонанс. In Вісник Київського національного лінгвістичного університету. Серія: Філологія. Київ: Видавничий центр КНЛУ, 1 (15), с. 5-11.

Vrabel, T. (2009). Lectures in theoretical phonetics of the English language and method guides for seminars. Ungvar: PoliPrint.

Zellner Keller, B. & Keller, E. (Forthcoming). Representing speech rhythm. In Working Papers of COST 258. Lausanne: Université de Lausanne. Available at: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.34.9138&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Lege Artis

Language yesterday, today, tomorrow

Journal Information

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 100 100 14
PDF Downloads 49 49 4