From defamiliarization to foregrounding and defeated expectancy: Linguo-stylistic and cognitive sketch

Open access

Abstract

The article focuses on revealing the nature of defamiliarization, foregrounding, and defeated expectancy from a linguo-stylistic and cognitive perspective. It has been stated that defamiliarization, composed by different types of foregrounding and defeated expectancy as deviation, generated with a certain stylistic purpose are complex phenomena. The article highlights cognitive factors which ensure the creation of defamiliarization and defeated expectancy in the literary texts.

Arnold, I.V. (1999). Semantics. Stylistics. Intertextuality: [collection of articles]. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg University Publishing house. / Arnold I.V. Semantika. Stilistika. Intertekstualnost’: [sbornik statej]. Sankt-Peterburg: Izdatel’stvo Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. / Арнольд И.В. Семантика. Стилистика. Интертекстуальность: [сб. статей]. Санкт-Петербург: Издательство Санкт-Петербургкого университета.

Arnold, I.V. (2002) The stylistics of modern English language. Moscow: Flinta. / Arnold I.V. Stilistika sovremennogo anglijskogo yazyka. Moskva: Flinta. / Арнольд И.В. Стилистика современного английского языка. Москва: Флинта.

Arutiunova, N.D. (1998). The language and the world of man. Moscow: The language of Russian culture. / Arutyunova N.D. Yazyk i mir cheloveka. Moskva: Yazyki Russkoj kultury. / Арутюнова Н.Д. Язык и мир человека. Москва: Языки русской культуры.

Baldick, C. (2008). The Oxford dictionary of literary terms. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Belekhova, L.I. (2002). Verbal poetic image from the historical typological perspective: A cognitive aspect (A study of American poetry). Kherson: Ailant. / Byelyekhova L.I. Slovesnyj poetychnyj obraz v istoryko-typologichnij perspektyvi: lingvokognityvnyj aspect. Kherson: Ajlant. / Бєлєхова Л.І. Словесний поетичний образ в історико-типологічній перспективі: лінгво-когнітивний аспект (на матеріалі американської поезії). Херсон: Айлант.

Blashkiv, O.V. (2010). Czech and Slovak culture in the life and scientific heritage of D. Chyzhevsky. Siedlce: Instytut Filologii Polskiej Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczo-Humanistycznego / Blashkiv O.V. Ches’ka і slovats’ka kultura v zhittі ta naukovіj spadschinі D. Chizhevskogo. Siedlce: Instytut Filologii Polskiej Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczo-Humanistycznego. / Блашків О.В Чеська і словацька культура в житті та науковій спадщині Д. Чижевського. Siedlce: Instytut Filologii Polskiej Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczo-Humanistycznego.

Blashkiv, O.V. (2006). The creation of Dmitry Chizhevsky in the context of the ideas of the Prague Linguistic Circle. In Literary collection, 26-27, p. 107-120. / Blashkiv O.V. Tvorchestvo Dmitriya Chizhevskogo v kontekste idej Prazhskogo lingvisticheskogo kruzhka. In Literaturovedcheskij sbornik, 26-27, s. 107-120. / Блашкив О.В. Творчество Дмитрия Чижевского в контексте идей Пражского лингвистического кружка. In Литературоведческий сборник, 26-27, p. 107-120.

Bogin, G.I. (2001). Finding the ability to understand: the introduction to hermeneutics. Moscow: Tver’ Publishing house. / Bogin G.I. Obretenie sposobnosti ponimat’: vvedenie v germenevtiku. Moskva: Izdatel’stvo Tver’. / Богин Г.И Обретение способности понимать: введение в герменевтику. Москва: Издательство Тверь.

Bradbury, R. (2003). Bradbury Stories: 100 of his most celebrated tales. New York: William Morrow.

Chizhevsky, D.І. (2005). About the “overcoat” by Gogol. In Philosophical works in four volumes, 3, p. 384-402. / Chizhevskyj D.І. Pro “shinel’“ Hoholya. In Fіlosofskі tvory u chotyriokh tomakh, 3, s. 384-402. / Чижевський Д.І. Про “Шинель” Гоголя. In Філософські твори у чотирьох томах, 3, с. 384-402.

Coleridge, S. (1817). Biographia literaria. In Text and meaning. Burwick, F. (ed.). Ohio: Ohio State University Press, Columbus.

Coover, R. (1986). A sudden story. In Sudden fiction: American short-short stories. Shapard, R. & Thomas, J. (eds.). Salt Lake City: Gibbs Smith.

Davydyuk, Yu.B. (2013). Defeated expectancy as a mental space phenomenon. In International English studies journal. Studia anglica resoviensia. Rzeszów: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 10, p. 7-15.

Davydyuk, Yu.B. (2013a). Defeated expectancy through the prism of mental space theory. In Visnyk of Taras Shevchenko national university of Lugans’k. Philological sciences, 14 (1), p. 28-32. / Davydyuk Yu.B. Efekt oshykanogo ochikuvannya kriz’ pryzmu teoriyi mental’nykh prostoriv. In Visnyk Luhans’koho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Tarasa Shevchenko. Filologichni nauky, 14 (1), s. 28-32. / Давидюк Ю.Б. Ефект ошуканого очікування крізь призму теорії ментальних просторів. In Вісник Луганського національного університету імені Тараса Шевченка. Філологічні науки, 14 (1), с. 28-32.

Davydyuk, Yu.B. (2015). Defeated expectancy in semantic, temporal, and plot structure in the English literary text. Thesis for the Candidate Degree in Philology, Speciality 10.02.04 – Germanic Languages. Kyiv: Kyiv National Linguistic University. / Davydyuk, Yu.B. Efekt oshukanoho ochikuvannia u semantychniy, temporal’niy ta siuzhetniy strukturi anglomovnoho khudozhnioho tekstu. Dysertatsiya na zdobuttia vchenoho stupenia kandydata filologichnykh nauk. Kyiv: Kyivs’kij natsional’nyj lingvistichnyj universytet. / Давидюк, Ю.Б. Ефект ошуканого очікування у семантичній, темпоральній та сюжетній структурі англомовного художнього тексту / Дис. ... канд. філол. наук / Київ: Київський національний лінгвістичний університет. 10.02.04 – германські мови.

Davydyuk, Yu. & Panasenko, N. (2016). Figuring the male and female: fire and water in Bradbury’s (science) fiction. In Lege artis. Language yesterday, today, tomorrow. The journal of University of SS Cyril and Methodius in Trnava. Warsaw: De Gruyter Open, 2016, vol. I (1), June 2016, p. 4-74. DOI: 10.1515/lart-2016-0001

Dinsmor, D. (1998). Mental spaces from functional point of view. In The language and intelligence. Moscow: Progress, p. 385-410. / Dinsmor D. Mental’nye prostranstva s funktsional’noj tochki zreniya. In Yazyk i intellekt. Moskva: Progress, s. 385-410. / Динсмор Д. Ментальные пространства с функциональной точки зрения. In Язык и интеллект. Москва: Прогресс, с. 385-410.

Dongak, S.B. (2000). Defeated expectancy as a stylistic problem (to the formulation of the question). In Speech communication (theoretical and applied aspects of speech communication), 3 (11), s. 110-117. / Dongak S.B. Obmanutoye ozhidaniye kak stilisticheskaya problema (k postanovke voprosa). In Rechevoye obscheniye (teoreticheskiye i prikladnyye aspekty rechevogo obscheniya), 3 (11), s. 110-117. / Донгак С.Б. Обманутое ожидание как стилистическая проблема (к постановке вопроса). In Речевое общение (теоретические и прикладные аспекты речевого общения), 3 (11), с. 110-117.

Eikhenbaum, B. & Tynyanov, Yu. (1985). Russian prose. Ardis Publishers. Fauconnier, G. (1994). Mental spaces: aspects of meaning construction in natural language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Fauconnier, G. (1997). Mapping in thought and language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Fauconnier, G. (2007). Mental spaces. In The Oxford handbook of cognitive linguistics. Cuyckens, H. & Geeraerts, D. (eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 351-376.

Fauconnier, G. & Turner, M. (2000). Compression and global insight. In Cognitive linguistics, 11, p. 283-304.

Fauconnier, G. & Turner, M. (2002). The way we think: conceptual blending and the mind’s hidden complexities. New York: Basic Books.

Hakemulder, F. (2006). Foregrounding. In The Pergamon encyclopedia of language and linguistics. Brown, K. (ed.). Oxford: Elsevier, IV, p. 546-547.

Havránek, B. (1967). On the functional stratification of the literary language. In Prague Linguistic Circle: [collection of articles]. Moscow: “Progress” Publishing house, p. 432-443. / Gavranek B. O funktsionalnom rassloenii literaturnogo yazyka. In Prazhskij lingvisticheskij kruzhok: [sbornik statey]. Moskva: Izdatel’stvo “Progress”, s. 432-443. / Гавранек Б. О функциональном расслоении литературного языка. In Пражский лингвистический кружок: [сборник статей]. Москва: Издательство “Прогресс”, c. 432-443.

Jakobson, R.O. (1987). The works on poetics. Moscow: Progress. / Yakobson R.O. Raboty po poetike. Moskva: Progress. / Якобсон Р.О. Работы по поэтике. Москва: Прогресс.

Jeffries, L. & McIntyre, D. (2010). Stylistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Khazagerov, T.G. & Shirina, L.S. (1994). General rhetoric: a course of lectures and a dictionary of rhetorical figures. Rostov-on-Don: RU Publishing house. / Khazagerov T.G., Shirina L.S. Obschaya ritorika: kurs lektsij i slovar’ ritoricheskikh figur. Rostov-na-Donu: Izdatel’stvo RU. / Хазагеров Т.Г., Ширина Л.С. Общая риторика: курс лекций и словарь риторических фигур. Ростов-на-Дону: Издательство РУ.

Kupchyshyna, Yu.A. (2013). The role of tropes in realization of defamiliarization. In Zhytomyr Ivan Franko state university journal, 71 (5), p. 306-309. / Kupchyshyna Yu.A. Rol’ tropiv u realizatsiyi ochudnennya. In Visnyk ZhDU imeni Ivana Franka, 71 (5), s. 306-309. / Купчишина Ю.А. Роль тропів в реалізації очуднення. In Вісник ЖДУ імені Івана Франка, 71 (5), с. 306-307.

Kupchyshyna, Yu.A. (2013a). The problem of differentiation of defamiliarization and foregrounding: diachronic aspect. In The man in the field of language (collection of scientific articles). Kaunas: Kaunas faculty of Humanities of Vilnius University, 7, p. 32-42. / Kupchyshyna Yu.A. K probleme differentsiatsii ostraneniya i vydvizheniya: diakhronicheskij aspect. In Chelovek v prostranstve yazyka (sbornik naychnykh statej). Kaunas: Kaunasskij gumanitarnyj facultet Vilnyusskogo universiteta, 7, s. 32-42. / Купчишина Ю.А. К проблеме дифференциации остранения и выдвижения: диахронический аспект. In Человек в пространстве языка (сборник научных статей). Каунас: Каунасский гуманитарный факультет Вильнюсского университета, с. 32-42.

Kupchyshyna, Yu.A. (2014). Interpretation of effect of defamiliarization through the prism of conceptual integration. In Scientific notes of the KPUU. Series: Fhilological sciences (linguistics). Kirovograd: RBV KDPU, 127, p. 258-261. / Kupchyshyna Yu.A. Interpretatsiya efectu ochydnennya kriz’ pryzmu kontseptualnoyi intergratsiyi. In Naukovi zapysky KDPU. Seriya: Filolohichni nauky. Kirovograd: RVV KDPU, 127, s. 258-261. / Купчишина Ю.А. Інтерпретація ефекту очуднення крізь призму концептуальної інтеграції. In Наукові записки КДПУ. Серія: Філологічні науки (мовознавство). Кіровоград: РВВ КДПУ, 127, с. 258-261.

Kupchyshyna, Yu. (2015). Poetics of defamiliarization in English literary texts of XX-XXI centuries: linguistic and cognitive aspects. Thesis for the Candidate Degree in Philology, Speciality 10.02.04 – Germanic Languages. Kherson: Kherson State University. / Kupchyshyna Yu.A. Poetyka ochudnennya v anglomovnykh khudozhnikh tekstakh XX-XXI stolit’: stylistychnyj ta lingvokognityvnyj aspekty. Dysertatsiya na zdobuttia vchenoho stupenia kandydata filologichnykh nauk. Kherson: Khersons’kij derzhavnyj universytet. / Купчишина Ю.А. Поетика очуднення в англомовних художніх текстах XX-XXI століть: стилістичний та лінгвокогнітивний аспекти. / Дис. … канд. філол. наук. / Херсон: Херсонський державний університет. 10.02.04 – германські мови.

Lakoff, G. & Johnson, M. (2003). Metaphors we live by. London: The university of Chicago press.

Lapotaire, J. (2004). Time out of mind. London: Virago, New Ed.

Lapshina, M.N. (2013). Stylistics of modern English language. Moscow: “Academia Publishing” house. / Lapshina M.N. Stilistika sovremennogo angliyskogo yazyka. Moskva: Izdatel’skij tsentr “Akademiya”. / Лапшина М.Н. Стилистика современного английского языка. Москва: Издательский центр “Академия”.

Leech, G.N. (1969). A linguistic guide in English poetry. London: Longman.

Leech, G.N. & Short, M. (2007). Style in fiction. A linguistic introduction to English fictional prose. London: Pearson Longman.

Leech, G.N. (2008). Language in literature. Style and foregrounding. London: Pearson Longman.

Lehman, J. (1975). Virginia Woolf. New York: Thames and Hudson.

Levin, S.R. (1965). Internal and external deviation in poetry. In Word, 21, p. 225-237. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00437956.1965.11435425

Margolin, U. (2005). Russian formalism. In The Johns Hopkins guide to literary theory and criticism. Groden, M., Kreiswirth, M. & Szeman, I. (eds.). Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Maslova, V.A. (1991). Parameters of text expressiveness. In The human factor in the language. Language mechanisms of expressiveness, p. 179-205. / Maslova V.A. Parametry ekspressivnosti teksta. In Chelovecheskij faktor v yazyke. Yazykovye mehanizmy ekspressivnosti, s. 179-205. / Маслова В.А. Параметры экспрессивности текста. In Человеческий фактор в языке. Языковые механизмы экспрессивности, с. 179-205.

Mathesius, V. (1967). On the need for the stability of the literary language. In Prague linguistic circle: [collection of articles]. Moscow: “Progress” Publishing house, p. 378-393. / Matezius V. O neobkhodimosti stabilnosti literaturnogo yazyka. In Prazhskij lingvisticheskij kruzhok: [sbornik statej]. Moskva: Izdatel’stvo “Progress”, s. 378-393. / Матезиус В. О необходимости стабильности литературного языка. In Пражский лингвистический кружок: [сборник статей]. Москва: Издательство “Прогресс”, с. 378-393.

McIntyre, D. (2003). Using foregrounding theory as a teaching methodology in a stylistics course. In: Style, 37, 1, p. 1-20.

Miall, D.S. & Kuiken, D. (1994). Foregrounding, defamiliarization, and affect: Response to literary stories. In Poetics, 22, p. 389-407. Available at: http://www.ualberta.ca/~dmiall/MiallPub/Miall_Kuiken_Foregrounding_1994.pdf.

Mukařovský, Ja. (1967). Literary language and poetic language. In Prague linguistic circle: [collection of articles]. Moscow: “Progress” Publishing house, p. 406-431. / Mukarzhovskyj, Ya. Literaturnyj yazyk i poeticheskij yazyk. In Prazhskij lingvisticheskij kruzhok: [sbornik statey]. Moskva: Izdatel’stvo “Progress”, s. 406-431. / Мукаржовский, Я. Литературный язык и поэтический язык. In Пражский лингвистический кружок: [сборник статей], Москва: Издательство “Прогресс”, с. 406-431.

Mukařovský, Ja. (1996). The structural poetics. Moscow: School “Yazyki russkoj kultury”. / Mukarzhovskij Ya. Strukturalnaya poetika. Moskva: Shkola “Yazyki russkoy kultury”. / Мукаржовский Я. Структуральная поэтика. Москва: Школа “Языки русской культуры”.

Novikova, M.L. (2005). Defamiliarization as the basis of figurative language semantics and structure of literary text. Moscow: RUDN Publishing house. / Novikova M.L. Ostranenie kak osnova obraznoj yazykovoj semantiki i struktury khudozhestvennogo teksta. Moskva: Izdatel’stvo RUDN. / Новикова М.Л. Остранение как основа образной языковой семантики и структуры художественного текста. Москва: Издательство РУДН.

O. Henry. (1908). The voice of the city: further stories of the four million. South Australia: University of Adelaide. Available at: https://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/h/henry/o/voice-of-the-city/

O. Henry. (1907). The trimmed lamp: and other stories of the four million. South Australia: University of Adelaide. Available at: https://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/h/henry/o/trimmed-lamp/index.html

Oleynikova, G.O. (2013). The device of cognitive defamiriliazation in methodology of science fiction. In Odessa linguistic collection, 2, p. 108-114. / Olejnikova G.O. Priyom kognitivnogo ostraneniya v metodologii nauchnoj fantastiki. In Odesskij lingvisitcheskij zbornik, 2, s. 108-114. / Олейникова Г.О. Прием когнитивного остранения в методологии научной фантастики. In Одесский лингвистический сборник, 2, с. 108-114.

Panasenko, N. (2014). Reflection of the naïve Christian worldview in the Romance, Germanic and Slavic phytonymic lexicon. In European journal of science and theology, 10 (4), p. 167-183.

Panasenko, N. (2015). Literary text in the language classroom. In The Magic of innovation: New techniques and technologies in teaching foreign languages: materials of the 2nd scientific-practical conference (Moscow, April, 24-25, 2015). Vol. 2. Kryachkov, D. (ed.). Moscow State Institute of Foreign Relations (MGIMO University), p. 179-186.

Panasenko, N., Grochalová, P. & Grochalová, L. (2017). ‘War’ as piece of hard news in British and Slovak media. In European journal of science and theology, 13 (6), p. 87-100.

Phillips, B. (2003). “Reality and Virginia Woolf”. In The Hudson Review, LVI (3). Available at: http://www.hudsonreview.com/phillipsbrianAu03.pdf

Riffaterre, M. (1980). Criteria for stylistic analysis. In New in foreign linguistics, 9, p. 69-98. / Riffater M. Kriterii stilisticheskogo analiza. In Novoe v zarubezhnoj lingvistike, 9, s. 69-98. / Риффатер М. Критерии стилистического анализа. In Новое в зарубежной лингвистике, 9, с. 69-98.

Schirova, I.A. (2009). Text in the period of dominance of cognitive sciences: problems and possible solutions. In Horizons of modern linguistics: traditions and innovation: dedicated to E.S. Koubriakova. Мoscow: Yazyki slavianskikh kultur, p. 723-735. / Schirova I.A Tekst v period dominirovaniya kognitivnykh nauk: problemy i vozmozhnyye resheniya. In Gorizonty sovremennoj lingvistiki: traditsii i novatorstvo: sbornik v chest E.S. Koubriakovoj, Мoskva: Yazyki slavianskikh kultur, s. 723-735. / Щирова И.А. Текст в период доминирования когнитивных наук: проблемы и возможные решения. In Горизонты современной лингвистики: традиции и новаторство: сборник в честь Е.С. Кубряковой, Москва: Языки славянских культур, с. 723-735.

Schirova, I.A. & Goncharova, E.A. (2007). Multidimensionality of the text: comprehension and interpretation. St. Petersburg: OOO “Knizhnyj dom”. / Schirova I.A., Goncharova E.A Mnogomernost teksta: ponimanie i interpretatsiya. Sankt-Peterburg: OOO “Knizhnyj dom”. / Щирова И.А., Гончарова Е.А. Многомерность текста: понимание и интерпретация. Санкт-Петербург: ООО “Книжный дом”.

Shklovsky, V. (1990). Art as device. In Theory of prose. Benjamin, S. (ed.). Dalkey Archive Press, p. 58-72.

Shklovsky, V. (1929). Art as technique. In Literary theory: an anthology. Rivkin, J. & Ryan, M. (eds.). Malden: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, p. 7-23.

Short, M. (1996). Exploring the language of poems, plays and prose. London and New York: Longman.

Simpson, P. (2004). Stylistics: a resource book for students. London-New York: Routledge.

Sotirova, V. (2016). The Bloomsbury companion to stylistics. London: Croom Helm.

Stockwell, P. (2002). Cognitive poetics: an introduction. London: Routledge.

Turner, M. (2007). Conceptual integration. In: The Oxford handbook of cognitive linguistics. Cuyckens, H. & Geeraerts, D. (eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 377-393.

Uberman, A. (2016). Death in metaphorical language. In Lege artis. Language yesterday, today, tomorrow. The journal of University of SS Cyril and Methodius in Trnava. Warsaw: De Gruyter Open, vol. I (2), December 2016, p. 171-211. DOI: 10.1515/lart-2016-0013 ISSN 2453-8035

van Peer, W. (1986). Stylistics and psychology: Investigations of foregrounding. London: Croom Helm.

Vetvinskaya, T.L. (1975). The principle of “defeated expectancy” as the basis for a stylistic device (case study of English language). In Studies on the Romance and Germanic philology. Kyiv: Vyscha shkola, p. 71-75. / Vetvinskaya T.L. Printsip “obmanutogo ozhidaniya” kak osnova stilisticheskogo priyoma (na materiale angliyskogo yazyka). In Issledovaniya po romanskoj i germanskoj Filologii. Kyyiv: Vyscha shkola, s. 71-75. / Ветвинская Т.Л. Принцип “обманутого ожидания” как основа стилистического приема (на материале английского языка). In Исследования по романской и германской филологии. Київ: Вища школа, с. 71-75.

Vorobyova, O.P. (2005). “The mark on the wall” and literary fancy: a cognitive sketch. In Cognition and literary interpretation in practice. Pettersson, B., Polvinen, M. & Veivo, H. (eds.). Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, p. 201-217.

Vorobyova, O.P. (2017). ‘Haunted by ambiguities’ revisited: in search of a metamethod for literary text disambiguation. In Lege artis. Language yesterday, today, tomorrow. The journal of University of SS Cyril and Methodius in Trnava. Warsaw: De Gruyter Open, vol. II (1), June 2017, p. 428-496. DOI: 10.1515/lart-2017-0011

Woolf, V. (1972). “The lady in the looking-glass: a reflection”. In: A haunted house and other stories. San Diego: Harcourt Inc., p. 87-93.

Zykova, I. (2016). The phraseological meaning construal in the traditional vs. cognitive culture-oriented perspectives. In Lege artis. Language yesterday, today, tomorrow. The journal of University of SS Cyril and Methodius in Trnava. Warsaw: De Gruyter Open, vol. I (2), December 2016, p. 253-286. DOI: 10.1515/lart-2016-0015 ISSN 2453-8035

Lege Artis

Language yesterday, today, tomorrow

Journal Information

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 123 123 15
PDF Downloads 45 45 10