Cathionic corrosion inhibitors for protection of steel in chloride containing concrete pore solution

Open access


Electrochemical chloride extraction from a reinforced concrete structure may be accompanied with an electrochemical injection of healing agents if such agents are positively charged and are able to migrate towards the activated reinforcement. Positive charge carried by nanoparticles or cathionic corrosion inhibitors might be the proper choice. Organic substances with a positive charge and their salts are mostly such inhibitors. The essential conditions for successful application of such corrosion inhibitors are their sufficient corrosion inhibition efficiency that was studied and evaluated and their stability of positive charge in chloride containing concrete pore solution.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Mundra A. et al. Chloride-induced corrosion of steel rebars in simulated pore solutions of alkali-activated concretes. Cement and Concrete Research 2017 100 385-397.

  • 2. Angst U. M. et al. Chloride induced reinforcement corrosion: Electrochemical monitoring of initiation stage and chloride threshold values. Corrosion Science 2011 53 1451-1464.

  • 3. Lovasi T. Msallamova S. Kouril M. Jamborova T. Stoulil J. Nemecek J. Sulc R. Cathionic corrosion inhibitors for protection of steel in chloride contaminated concrete. In METAL 2017: 26rd International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials. Brno 2017 pp. 1361-1367.

  • 4. Chang Ch. F. Chen J. W. The experimental investigation of concrete carbonation depth. Cement and Concrete Research 2006 36 1760-1767.

  • 5. Ibrahin M. et al. Effectiveness of concrete surface treatment materials in reducing chloride-induced reinforcement corrosion. Construction and Building Materials 1997 11 443-451.

  • 6. Collins W. D. et al. Chemical Treatment of Corroding Steel Reinforcement after Removal of Chloride-Contaminated Concrete. Corrosion 1993 49 (1) 74-88.

  • 7. Webb N. C. Cathodic protection of reinforced concrete. Construction and Building Materials 1992 6 (3) 179-183.

  • 8. Pedeferri P. Cathodic protection and cathodic prevention. Construction and Building Materials 1996 10 391-402.

  • 9. Lambert P. Cathodic protection of reinforced concrete. Anti-Corrosion methods and Materials 1995 42 4-5.

  • 10. Berkeley K. G. C. and S. Pathmanaban. Cathodic Protection of Reinforcement Steel in Concrete. Boston: Butterworths 2000.

  • 11. Živica Vladimír. Referencing: Elektrochemické postupy pre sanáciu korodovaných železobetónových konštrukcií. iMateriály [online]. 2008. (accessed 11 Jan 2019)

  • 12. Orellan J. C. et al. Electrochemical chloride extraction: efficiency and side effects. Cement and Concrete Research 2004 34 227-234.

  • 13. Liu Y. et al. Electrochemical Chloride Extraction and Electrochemical Injection of Corrosion Inhibitor in Concrete: State of the Knowledge. Corrosion Reviews 2011 27 53-82.

  • 14. Fajardo G. et al. Electrochemical chloride extraction (ECE) from steel-reinforced concrete specimens contaminated by “artificial” sea-water. Corrosion Science 2006 48 110-125.

  • 15. Kubo J. et al. Application of electrochemical organic corrosion inhibitor injection to a carbonated reinforced concrete railway viaduct. Construction and Building Materials 2013 39 2-8.

  • 16. Karthick S. P. et al. Electrochemical process to improve the durability of concrete structures. Journal of Building Engineering 2016 7 273-280.

  • 17. Kubo J. et al. Electrochemical inhibitor injection for control of reinforcement corrosion in carbonated concrete. Materials and Corrosion 2008 59 (2) 107-114.

  • 18. Mangaiyarkarasi G. Muralidharan S. Electrochemical Protection of Steel in Concrete to Enhance the Service Life of Concrete Structures. Procedia Engineering 2014 86 615-622.

  • 19. Kouril M. Lovasi T.; Msallamova S.; Nemecek J.; Sulc R. Electrochemical injection of cathionic corrosion inhibitors. In ACSEE 2017. Sixth International Conference on Advances in Civil Structural and Environmental Engineering. Rome 2017 pp. 40-44.

  • 20. 2500 (accessed 11 Jan 2019)

  • 21. ASTM C876-15. Standard Test Method for Corrosion Potentials of Uncoated Reinforcing Steel in Concrete. West Conshohocken PA: ASTM International 2015. 8 p.

  • 22. Novak P. Mala R. Comparison of electrochemical data and mass loss corrosion rate measurements for steel reinforcement in concrete. European Federation of Corrosion Publications 2000 31 41-48.

  • 23. Sawada S. et al. Electrochemical injection of organic corrosion inhibitors into carbonated cementitious materials: Part 1. Effects on pore solution chemistry. Corrosion Science 2007 49 1186-1204.

  • 24. Sawada S. et al. Electrochemical injection of organic corrosion inhibitors into concrete. Corrosion Science 2005 47 2063-2078.

  • 25. Nguyen T. H. et al. Effect of Electrical Injection of Corrosion Inhibitor on the Corrosion of Steel Rebar in Chloride-Contaminated Repair Mor tar. International Journal of Corrosion 2015 1-10.

  • 26. Pan T. et al. Assessment of Electrical Injection of Corrosion Inhibitor for Corrosion Protection of Reinforced Concrete. TRB Annual Meeting 2008 Washington D.C.

Journal information
Impact Factor
CiteScore 2018: 0.25

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.164
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.286

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 89 89 3
PDF Downloads 100 100 3