Failure Mechanisms of Brittle Rocks under Uniaxial Compression

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Abstract

The behaviour of a rock mass is determined not only by the properties of the rock matrix, but mostly by the presence and properties of discontinuities or fractures within the mass. The compression test on rock-like specimens with two prefabricated transfixion fissures, made by pulling out the embedded metal inserts in the pre-cured period was carried out on the servo control uniaxial loading tester. The influence of the geometry of pre-existing cracks on the cracking processes was analysed with reference to the experimental observation of crack initiation and propagation from pre-existing flaws. Based on the rock fracture mechanics and the stress-strain curves, the evolution failure mechanism of the fissure body was also analyzed on the basis of exploring the law of the compression-shear crack initiation, wing crack growth and rock bridge connection. Meanwhile, damage fracture mechanical models of a compression-shear rock mass are established when the rock bridge axial transfixion failure, tension-shear combined failure, or wing crack shear connection failure occurs on the specimen under axial compression. This research was of significance in studying the failure mechanism of fractured rock mass.

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Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics

The Journal of Institute of Mechanics of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

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CiteScore 2017: 1.14

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.217
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.583

Mathematical Citation Quotient (MCQ) 2017: 0.01

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