Soil hydrophysical properties as affected by solid waste compost amendments: seasonal and short-term effects in an Ultisol

Open access


Application of compost is known to improve the hydraulic characteristics of soils. The objective of this study was to examine the seasonal and short-term effects of solid waste compost amendments on selected hydrophysical properties of soil during dry and rainy seasons and to explore any negative impacts of municipal solid waste compost (MSWC) amendments on soil hydrophysical environment concerning Agriculture in low-country wet zone, Sri Lanka. Eight (T1–T8) MSWC and two (T9, T10) agricultural-based waste compost (AWC) samples were separately applied in the field in triplicates at 10 and 20 Mg ha−1 rates, with a control (T0). Field measurements (initial infiltration rate, Ii; steady state infiltration rate, ISS; unsaturated hydraulic conductivity, k; sorptivity, SW) were conducted and samples were collected (0–15 cm depth) for laboratory experiments (water entry value, hwe; potential water repellency: measured with water drop penetration time, WDPT) before starting (Measurement I) and in the middle of (Measurement II) the seasonal rainfall (respectively 5 and 10 weeks after the application of compost). The difference in the soil organic matter (SOM) content was not significant between the dry and rainy periods. All the soils were almost non-repellent (WDPT = <1–5 s). The hwe of all the samples were negative. In the Measurement I, the Ii of the T0 was about 40 cm h−1, while most treatments show comparatively lower values. The ISS, SW, and k of compost amended samples were either statistically similar, or showed significantly lower values compared with T0. It was clear that all the surface hydraulic properties examined in situ (Ii, ISS, SW) were higher in the Measurement I (before rainfall) than those observed in the Measurement II (after rainfall). Water potential differences in soils might have affected the surface hydrological properties such as SW. However, water potential differences would not be the reason for weakened ISS and k in the Measurement II. Disruption of aggregates, and other subsequent processes that would take place on the soil surface as well as in the soil matrix, such as particle rearrangements, clogging of pores, might be the reason for the weakened ISS and k in the Measurement II. Considering the overall results of the present study, compost amendments seemed not to improve or accelerate but tend to suppress hydraulic properties of soil. No significant difference was observed between MSWC and AWC considering their effects on soil hydraulic properties. Application of composts can be considered helpful to slower the rapid leaching by decreasing the water movements into and within the soil.

Angin, I., Aksakal, E.L., Oztas, T., Hanay, A., 2013. Effects of municipal solid waste compost (MSWC) application on certain physical properties of soils subjected to freeze–thaw. Soil Till. Res., 130, 58–61.

Bhattacharyya, R., Chandra, S., Singh, R.D., Kundu, S., Srivastva, A.K., Gupta, H.S., 2007. Long-term farmyard manure application effects on properties of a silty clay loam soil under irrigated wheat–soybean rotation. Soil Till. Res., 94, 2, 386–396.

Cointreau, S., 2007. The Growing Complexities and Challenges of Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries. World Bank. (accessed 03.11.16.)

Doerr, S.H., Shakesby, R.A., Walsh, R., 2000. Soil water repellency: its causes, characteristics and hydro-geomorphological significance. Earth Sci. Rev., 51, 33–65.

Fernandez, M.T.H., Mataix-Solera. J., Lichner, L., Štekauerová, V., Zaujec, A., Garcia Izquierdo, C., 2007. Assessing the microbiological, biochemical, soil-physical and hydrological effects of amelioration of degraded soils in semiarid Spain. Biologia, 62, 542–546.

Głąb, T., 2014. Water retention and repellency of a sandy soil amended with municipal compost. Compost Sci. Util., 22, 2, 47–56.

Głąb, T., Żabiński, A., Sadowska, U., Gondek, K., Kopeć, M., Mierzwa–Hersztek, M., Tabor, S., 2018. Effects of cocomposted maize, sewage sludge, and biochar mixtures on hydrological and physical qualities of sandy soil. Geoderma, 315, 27–35.

Grau, F., Drechsel, N., Haering, V., Trautz, D., Weerakkody, W.J.S.K., Drechsel, P., Marschner, B., Dissanayake, D.M.P.S., Sinnathamby, V., 2017. Impact of fecal sludge and municipal solid waste co-compost on crop growth of Raphanus Sativus L. and Capsicum Anuum L. under stress conditions. Resources, 6, 3, 26.

Jakobsen, S., 1995. Aerobic decomposition of organic wastes 2. Value of compost as fertilizer. Resour. Conserv. Recy., 13, 57–71.

Jodar, J.R., Ramos, N., Carreira, J.A., Pacheco, R., Fernández-Hernández, A., 2017. Quality assessment of compost prepared with municipal solid waste. Open Engineering, 7, 1, 221–227.

Karak, T., Paul, R.K., Sonar, I., Nath, J.R., Boruah, R.K., Dutta, A.K., 2016. Nickel dynamics influenced by municipal solid waste compost application in tea (Camellia sinensis L.): a cup that cheers. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 13, 2, 663–678.

Leelamanie, D.A.L., 2014. Initial water repellency affected organic matter depletion rates of manure amended soils in Sri Lanka. J. Hydrol. Hydromech., 62, 4, 309–315.

Leogrande, R., Lopedota, O., Vitti, C., Ventrella, D., Montemurro, F., 2016. Saline water and municipal solid waste compost application on tomato crop: Effects on plant and soil. J. Plant Nutr., 39, 4, 491–501.

Lichner, L., Hallett, P., Feeney, D., Ďugová, O., Šír, M., Tesař, M., 2007a. Field measurement of soil water repellency and its impact on water flow under different vegetation. Biologia, 62, 5, 537–541.

Lichner, L., Orfánus, T., Nováková, K., Šír, M., Tesař, M., 2007b. The impact of vegetation on hydraulic conductivity of sandy soil. Soil Water Res., 2, 59–66.

Liyanage, T.D.P., Leelamanie, D.A.L., 2016. Influence of organic manure amendments on water repellency, water entry value, and water retention of soil samples from a tropical Ultisol. J. Hydrol. Hydromech., 64, 2, 160–166.

Martínez-Blanco, J., Lazcano, C., Boldrin, A., Muñoz, P., Rieradevall, J., Møller, J., Antón, A., Christensen, T.H., 2013. Assessing the environmental benefits of compost useon-land through an LCA perspective. In: Sustainable Agriculture Reviews. Springer Netherlands, pp. 255–318.

Maule, C.P., Fonstad, T.A., Vanapalli, S.K., Majumdar, G., 2000. Hydraulic conductivity reduction due to ponded hog manure. Can. Agr. Eng., 42, 4, 157–164.

National Atlas of Sri Lanka, 2007. Second Edition. Survey Department of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Panabokke, C.R., 1996. Soils and agro-ecological environments of Sri Lanka. Natural Resources Series No.2. Natural Resources, Energy and Science Authority, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Peltre, C., Gregorich, E.G., Bruun, S., Jensen, L.S., Magid, J., 2017. Repeated application of organic waste affects soil organic matter composition: Evidence from thermal analysis, FTIR-PAS, amino sugars and lignin biomarkers. Soil Biol. Biochem., 104, 117–127.

Philip, J., 1969. Theory of infiltration. In: Adv. Hydrosci., Elsevier. Academic Press, New York, pp. 215–296.

Rowell, M.J., Coetzee, M.E., 2003. The measurement of low organic matter contents in soils. S. Afr. J. Plant Soil, 20, 2, 49–53.

Shaver, T.M., Peterson, G.A., Sherrod, L.A., 2003. Cropping intensification in dryland systems improves soil physical properties: regression relations. Geoderma, 116, 149–164.

Soil Survey Staff, 2014. Keys to Soil Taxonomy. 12th ed. USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC.

Wallis, M.G., Scotter, D.R., Horne, D.J., 1991. An evaluation of the intrinsic sorptivity water repellency index on a range of New Zealand soils. Soil Res., 29, 3, 353–362.

Wang, Z., Wu, L., Wu, Q.J., 2000. Water-entry value as an alternative indicator of soil water-repellency and wettability. J. Hydrol., 231, 76–83.

World Health Organization, 1999. What a waste: Solid waste management in Asia. Urban Development Sector Unit. East Asia and Pacific Region. Washington, DC.

Yazdanpanah, N., Mahmoodabadi, M., Cerdà, A., 2016. The impact of organic amendments on soil hydrology, structure and microbial respiration in semiarid lands. Geoderma, 266, 58–65.

Zhang, R., 1997. Determination of soil sorptivity and hydraulic conductivity from the disk infiltrometer. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 61, 1024–1030.

Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics

The Journal of Institute of Hydrology SAS Bratislava and Institute of Hydrodynamics CAS Prague

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 2,023
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 2,048

CiteScore 2018: 2.07

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.713
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.228


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 168 168 91
PDF Downloads 74 74 30