The influence of military identity on work engagement and burnout in the norwegian army rapid reaction force

Open access

Abstract

The present study examined the influence of military identity on work engagement and burnout among members in the Norwegian Army Rapid Reaction Forces (RRF).

Hierarchical regression analyses found work engagement to be predicted by military identity (positively so by professionalism, and negatively by individualism), with individualism also predicting burnout. This is the first study to examine the unique influence of military identity on burnout and engagement among operational army personnel in the Norwegian Armed Forces.

Adler, A. B., Thomas, J. L., & Castro, C. A. (2005). Measuring up: Comparing self-reports with unit records for assessing soldier performance. Military Psychology, 17, 3-24.

Bartone, P. T., Snook, S. A., & Tremble, T. R. (2002). Cognitive and personality predictors of leader performance in West Point cadets. Military Psychology, 14, 321-338. doi:

Birkinshaw, J., & Gibson, C. (2004). Building ambidexterity into an organization. Harvard Business Review, Summer, 47-55.

Britt, T. W. (2003). Aspects of identity predict engagement in work under adverse conditions. Self and Identity, 2, 31-45. doi:

Britt, T, W., & Bliese, P. D. (2003). Testing the stress-buffering effects of self engagement among soldiers on a military operation. Journal of Personality, 71, 245-266.

Burke, P. J., & Stets, J. E. (2009). Identity theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Burke, P. J. (1991). Identity Processes and social stress. American Sociological Review, 56, 836-849. doi:

Burke, P. J., & Harrod, M. M. (2005). Too much of a good thing? Social Psychology Quarterly, 68, 359-374. doi:

Côté, J. E., & Levine, C. G. (2002). Identity formation, agency, and culture: A social psychological synthesis. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Eriksson, M. (2004). Idealism eller professionalism? [Idealism or professionalism?]. PACEM, 7,75-90.

Faris, J. H. (1995). The Looking-glass army: Patriotism in the post-cold world era. Armed Forces and Society, 21, 411-434. doi:

Forsvarets Fellesoperative Doktrine [Norwegian Armed Forces Joint Military Doctrine]. Oslo:

Franke, V. C. (2001). Generation X and the military: A comparison of attitudes and values between West Point cadets and college students. Journal of Political and Military Sociology, 29, 92-119.

Griffith, J. (2008). After 9/11, what kind of reserve soldier? Considerations given to emerging demands, organizational orientation, and individual commitment. Armed Forces & Society, 35, 214-240. doi:

González -Romá, V., Schaufeli, W. B., Bakker, A. B,. & Lloret, S. (2006). Burnout and work engagement: Independent factors or opposite poles? Journal of Vocational Behavior, 68, 165-174. doi:

Grojean, M., W., & Thomas, J., L. (2006). From values to performance: It`s the journey that changes the traveler. In T. W. Britt, A. B. Adler, & C. A. Castro (Eds.), The Psychology of serving in peace and combat: Military Culture (pp. 35-59). London: Praeger Security International.

Halbesleben, J. R. B. (20109. A meta-analysis of work engagement: Relationships with burnout, demands, resources, and consequences. In A. B. Bakker & M. P. Leiter (Eds.), Work engagement: A handbook of essential theory and research (pp. 102-117). New York: Psychology Press.

Haslam, S. A. (2004). Psychology in organizations. Chippenham: CPI Antony Rowe.

Huntington, S. P. (1957). The soldier and the State. London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Janowitz, M. (1960). The professional soldier - a social and political portrait. New York: Free Press of Glencoe.

Johansen, R. B., Laberg, J. C., & Martinussen, M. (2013). The impact of military identity on junior officer students. Journal of Political and Military Sociology: An annual review, 42, 75 - 99.

Johansen, R. B., Laberg, J. C., & Martinussen, M. (2013). Military identity as predictor of perceived military competence and skills. Armed Forces & Society, Published online before print May 28, 2013, doi:

Johansen, R. B., Laberg, J. C., & Martinussen, M. (2013). Measuring Norwegian military identity: Scale development and psychometric evaluations. Social behavior and Personality, 41, 861 - 880. doi:

Lee, R., & Ashforth, B. (1993). A further examination of managerial burnout: Toward an intergated model. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 14, 3-20. doi:

Lindell, M. K., & Whitney, D. J. (2001). Accounting for common method variance in cross-sectional research designs. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 114-121. doi:

Moskos, C. (1977). From institution to occupation. Trends in military organization. Armed Forces and Society, 4, 41-50. doi:

Moskos, C., Williams, J. A., & Segal, D. R. (2000). Armed forces after the cold war. In C. Moskos, J. A. Willams, & D. R. Segal (Eds.), The postmodern military: Armed forces after the cold war (pp. 1-13). New York: Oxford University Press.

Mylle, J. (2007). From a psychological to a behavioural sciences approach and beyond in military research: Current status and trends. In G. Caforio (Ed.), Social Sciences and the Military. An interdisciplinary overview (pp. 123-143). Oxon: Routledge.

Stensønes, M. (2012). På våre vegne [On our behalf]. Oslo: Aschehoug & Co.

Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In W. G. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), The social psychology of intergroup relations (pp. 33-47). Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Ulriksen, S. (2002). Den norske forsvarstradisjonen - militærmakt eller folkeforsvar? [The Norwegian defense tradition - military power?]. Oslo: Pax Forlag A/S.

Van Boxmeer, L. E. L. M., Verwijs, C., de Bruin, R., & Euwema, M. C. (2007, month). A direct measure of morale in the Netherlands' Armed Forces Morale Study: Theoretical puzzle, empirical testing and validation. Paper presented at the Annual International Military Testing Association (IMTA) Congress, Gold Coast, Australia, october, 2007).

Van Boxmeer, L. E. L. M., Verwijs, C., Duel, J., & Euwema, M. C. (September /October, 2008). Measuring morale and psychological distress of soldiers during modern military operations: Building a network of relationships among morale and psychological distress. Paper presented at the IMTA conference, Amsterdam.

Van Dick, R., Wagner, U., Stellmacher, O.C., & Christ, O. (2005). To be(long) or not to be(long): Social identification in organizational contexts. Genetic, Social and General Psychology Monographs, 13, 189-218.

Vinokur, A. D., Pierce, P. F., Lewandowski-Romps, L., Hobfoll, S. E., & Galea, S. (2011). Effects of war exposure on air force personnel's mental health, job burnout and other organizational related outcomes. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 16, 3-17. doi:

Wagner, U., Stellmacher, J., Christ, O., & Tissington, P. A. (2005). To Be(long) or Not to Be(long): Social Identification in Organizational Contexts. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, 131(3), 189-218

Woodruff, T., Kelty, R., & Segal, D.R. (2006). Propensity to serve and motivation to enlist among American combat soldiers. Armed Forces & Society, 32, 353-366. Doi: 10.1177/0095327X05283040

Wong, L., & Johnson D.V. (2002). Serving the American people: A historical view of the Army profession. In D. M. Snider & G. L. Watkins (Eds.), The future of the army profession (pp. 537-538). USA: McGraw-Hill.

Journal Information

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 149 149 18
PDF Downloads 88 88 16