Regulating Free Movement of Goods within the European Union

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Abstract

The principle of the free movement of goods in one of great importance for the European Union and for in general and for the Internal Market and the European citizens in particular. Starting from the fact that the Internal market is considered to be a critical element for the present and future prosperity of the European Union in a globalized world, the objective of the present text is to present and analyse, in a concise manner, the main legal provisions that govern this field. In order to accomplish this objective we made reference to the following aspects: considerations regarding the role and importance of the free movement of goods in the European internal market; the role of the European Commission within the internal market and implicitly for the free movement of goods; Treaty provisions governing the free movement of goods; and related instruments of secondary law related to the free movement of goods.

1. Ancheş, Diana-Ionela, Preocupări juridice privind Uniunea Europeană, Ed. Eikon, Cluj-Napoca, 2014.

2. Ancheş, Diana-Ionela, ‖The European Citizen’s Initiative‖, in vol. Valentin Naumescu (ed.), Democracy and Security in the 21st Century. Perspective on a Changing World, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle upon Tyne, 2014.

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5. Commission of the European Communities, Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on the application of Regulation (EC) No. 2679/98, COM 2001/160, Brussels, 22.03.2001, http://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/rep/1/2001/EN/1-2001-160-EN-F1-1.Pdf.

6. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Economic and Social Committee, The internal market for goods: a cornerstone of Europe’s competitiveness, Brussels, 14.2.2007, COM (2007)35 final, http://eurlex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52007DC0035&from=EN.

7. Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Official Journal of the European Union, C326/51, 26.10.2012, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:2bf140bf-a3f8-4ab2-b506-fd71826e6da6.0023.02/DOC_2&format=PDF.

8. Council Regulation (EC) No. 2679/98 of 7 December 1998, on the functioning of the internal market in relation to the free movement of goods among the Member States, L 337/8, Official Journal of the European Communities, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:31998R2679&from=EN.

9. Deleanu, Sergiu, Drept european al afacerilor, Piaţa internă a Uniunii Europene, Universul Juridic, Bucureşti, 2013.

10. Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, Directive 2015/1535/EU, Guidance for Officials, January 2016, https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/490271/BIS-16-15-directive-2015-1535-guidance.pdf.

11. Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 June 1998 laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations, L204/37, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:31998L0034&from=RO.

12. Directive (EU) 2015/1535 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 September 2015, laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical regulations and of rules on Information Society services (codification), http://eurlex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32015L1535&from=ro.

13. ECJ, Case C-2/90, the 2nd of July 1992, Commission contre Belgique, in Recueil, 1992-8, p. I-4478.

14. European Commission, The European Union explained, From crisis to opportunity - putting citizens and companies on the path to prosperity, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2014, http://eudirect.ipng.hr/Data/Files/15071692024448.pdf.

15. European Commission, Free movement of goods, Guide to the application of Treaty provisions governing the free movement of goods, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2010.

16. European Commission, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and Council, First Report on the application of Regulation (EC) No. 764/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 laying down procedures relating to the application of certain national technical rules to products lawfully marketed in another Member State and repealing Decision No. 3052/95/EC, COM (2012) 292, Brussels, 15.6.2012, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52012DC0292&from=EN.

17. O’Neill, Aidan, EU Law for UK Lawyers, Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2011.

18. Regulation (EC) No. 450/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008, laying down the Community Customs Code (Modernised Customs Code), http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:145:0001:0064:En:PDF.

19. Regulation (EC) No. 764/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008, laying down procedures relating to the application of certain national technical rules to products lawfully marketed in another Member State and repealing Decision No. 3052/95/EC, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:218:0021: 0029:en:PDF.

20. Stubb, Alexandre, ―The semantic indigestion of differentiated integration: the political rhetoric of the pre-IGC debate‖, Collège d’Europe, 1995, in Claude Blumann, Luis Dubois, Droit institutionnel de l’Union Européenne, Editions du Juris-Classeur, Paris, 2004.

1. European Commission, The European Union explained, From crisis to opportunity - putting citizens and companies on the path to prosperity, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2014, pp. 3-4, http://eudirect.ipng.hr/_Data/Files/15071692024448.pdf.

2. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Economic and Social Committee, The internal market for goods: a cornerstone of Europe’s competitiveness, Brussels, 14.2.2007, COM (2007)35 final, p. 11, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52007DC0035&from=EN.

3. European Commission, The European Union explained, From crisis to opportunity - putting citizens and companies on the path to prosperity, op. cit., p. 5.

4. European Commission, Free movement of goods, Guide to the application of Treaty provisions governing the free movement of goods, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2010, p. 10.

5. See: Diana-Ionela Ancheş, ‖Tratatul de la Lisabona şi sistemul instituţional al Uniunii Europene‖, in vol. Flore Pop, Oana Albescu (eds.), Tratatul de la Lisabona. De la ‖metoda comunitară‖ la noile evoluții ale guvernanței europene. Drept și politici ale Uniunii, CA Publishing, Cluj-Napoca, 2012, pp. 200-201; Diana-Ionela Ancheş, ‖The Lisbon Treaty and the EU’s Institutional System‖, in vol. Journal of Legal Studies, Biannual Journal, New Series, vol. VII-XIV, Issues 13-27, June 2014, Ed. Eikon, Cluj-Napoca, pp. 134-135.

6. Diana-Ionela Ancheş, ‖The European Citizen’s Initiative‖, in vol. Valentin Naumescu (ed.), Democracy and Security in the 21st Century. Perspective on a Changing World, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle upon Tyne, 2014, pp. 226-227.

7. See Article 4, par. 2 (a) - Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Official Journal of the European Union, C326/51, 26.10.2012, http://eur-lex.euroa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:2bf140bf-a3f8-4ab2-b506-fd71826e6da6.0023.02/DOC_2&format=PDF.

8. Ibid., Article 26, par. 2.

9. Ibid., Article 26, par. 1.

10. Ibid., Article 3 par. 1 (a).

11. Ibid., Article 3 par. 1 (b).

12. European Commission, The European Union explained, From crisis to opportunity - putting citizens and companies on the path to prosperity, op. cit., p. 3.

13. Article 26, par. 3 - Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, op. cit. supra.

14. European Commission, The European Union explained, From crisis to opportunity - putting citizens and companies on the path to prosperity, op. cit., p. 5.

15. Article 27 - Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, op. cit. supra.

16. Ibid., Article 28 par. 1.

17. See Articles 30 and 28 par. 2 of the Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, op. cit. supra.

18. Sergiu Deleanu, Drept european al afacerilor, Piaţa internă a Uniunii Europene, Universul Juridic, Bucureşti, 2013, p. 59.

19. Id.

20. Alexandre Stubb, ―The semantic indigestion of differentiated integration: the political rhetoric of the pre-IGC debate‖, Collège d’Europe, 1995, in Claude Blumann, Luis Dubois, Droit institutionnel de l’Union Européenne, Editions du Juris-Classeur, Paris, 2004.

21. Diana-Ionela Ancheş, Preocupări juridice privind Uniunea Europeană, Ed. Eikon, Cluj-Napoca, 2014, pp. 165-167.

22. Regulation (EC) No. 450/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008, laying down the Community Customs Code (Modernised Customs Code), http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:145:0001:0064:En:PDF.

23. See Article 52 of the T.E.U. and Article 355 of the T.F.E.U.

24. ECJ, Case C-2/90, the 2nd of July 1992, Commission contre Belgique, in Recueil, 1992-8, p. I-4478.

25. Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, op. cit.supra.

26. Sergiu Deleanu, op. cit., p. 62.

27. Ibid., p. 64.

28. Articles 31 and 32 of the Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, op. cit. supra.

29. Ibid., Article 33.

30. Sergiu Deleanu, op. cit., p. 82.

31. Ibid., p. 113.

32. Article 37, par. 2, Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, op. cit. supra.

33. Ibid., Article 37, par. 3.

34. Sergiu Deleanu, op. cit., p. 127.

35. Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 June 1998 laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations, L204/37, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:31998L0034&from=RO.

36. European Commission, Free movement of goods, op. cit., 2010, p. 36.

37. Directive (EU) 2015/1535 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 September 2015, laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical regulations and of rules on Information Society services (codification), http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32015L1535&from=ro.

38. Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, Directive 2015/1535/EU, Guidance for Officials, January 2016, https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/490271/BIS-16-15-directive-2015-1535-guidance.pdf.

39. Articles 5 and 6 - Directive (EU) 2015/1535, cit. supra.

40. Article 1 (f) - Directive (EU) 2015/1535, cit. supra.

41. Council Regulation (EC) No. 2679/98 of 7 December 1998, on the functioning of the internal market in relation to the free movement of goods among the Member States, L 337/8, Official Journal of the European Communities, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:31998R2679&from=EN; Aidan O’Neill, EU Law for UK Lawyers, Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2011, pp. 802-805.

42. European Commission, Free movement of goods, op. cit., 2010, p. 36.

43. Article 1 - Council Regulation (EC) No. 2679/98, cit. supra.

44. Commission of the European Communities, Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on the application of Regulation (EC) No. 2679/98, COM 2001/160, Brussels, 22.03.2001, p. 10, http://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/rep/1/2001/EN/1-2001-160-EN-F1-1.Pdf.

45. Id.

46. Id.

47. Id.

48. Ibid., pp. 13-14.

49. Ibid., p. 14.

50. Regulation (EC) No. 764/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008, laying down procedures relating to the application of certain national technical rules to products lawfully marketed in another Member State and repealing Decision No. 3052/95/EC, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:218:0021:0029:en:PDF.

51. Article 1 (1) of Regulation (EC) No. 764/2008, cit. supra.

52. Article 2 (1) of Regulation (EC) No. 764/2008, cit. supra.

53. European Commission, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and Council, First Report on the application of Regulation (EC) No. 764/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 laying down procedures relating to the application of certain national technical rules to products lawfully marketed in another Member State and repealing Decision No. 3052/95/EC, COM (2012) 292, Brussels, 15.6.2012, pp. 5-6, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52012DC0292&from=EN.

54. Ibid., p. 6.

55. Ibid., pp. 11-13.

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