Multiscale Fourier Landscape Pattern Indices For Landscape Ecology

Open access

Abstract

A factor analysis of 67 landscape pattern metrics was performed to quantify the ability of landscape pattern metrics to explain land cover pattern, and to report individual landscape pattern metric values that are statistically independent. This land cover pattern is measured from 7.68 x 7.68 [km] GeoTiff image tiles of the conterminous United States Geological Survey (USGS) 1992 National Land Cover Dataset (NCLD). Using factor analysis to rank independent landscape pattern information, each landscape pattern metric produces the explanatory power of that landscape pattern metric amongst the other 66 landscape pattern metrics—any landscape pattern metrics that report similar values contribute redundant information. The metrics that contribute the most information are Jackson’s Contagion statistic (P005), typically contributing to 97 % of the explained variability; the Fourier Metric of Fragmentation (FMF), typically contributing to 65 % of the explained variability; and average LCLU class lacunarity (TLAC), typically contributing to 62 % of the explained variability. Two other Fourier-based landscape pattern metrics we tested, the Least Squares Fourier Transform Fractal Dimension Estimation (LsFT) and the Fourier Metric of Proportion (FMP), contributed 50 % and 12 % to the explained variability, respectively. In addition, the values reported by each of the Fourier metrics are revealed to be relatively independent amongst commonly used landscape pattern metrics and are thus demonstrated to be appropriate for explaining general landscape pattern variability.

Anderson, J.R., Hardy, E.E., Roach, J.T., Witmer, R.E. (1976). A land use and land cover classi cation system for use with remote sensor data. Geological survey professional paper 964, U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C., 1976.

Baker, W.L & Cai, Y. (1992). The r.le programs for multiscale analysis of land-scape structure using the grass geographical information system. Landscape Ecology, 7:291{302, 1992.

Detenbeck, N., Johnston, C.A., Niemi, G. (1993). Wetland e ects on lake water quality in the minneapolis/st. paul metropolitan area. Landscape Ecology, 8: 39{61, 1993.

Frohn, R. (1998). Remote Sensing for Landscape Ecology: New Metric Indicators for Monitoring, Modeling and Assessment of Ecosystems. CRC-Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, USA, 1998.

Johnes, P., Moss, B., Phillips, G. (1996). The determination of total nitrogen and total phosphorous concentrations in freshwaters from land use, stock headage and population data: Testing a model for use in conservation and water quality management. Freshwater Biology, 36:451{473, 1996.

Johnson, W.C., Richards, C., Host, G.E., Arthur, J.W. (1997). Landscape influence on water chemistry in midwestern stream ecosystems. Freshwater Biology, 37 (1):193{218, 1997.

Jones, K.B., Neale, A.C., Nash, M.S., Van Remortel, R.D., Wickham, J.D., Ritters, K.H., O’Neill, R.V. (2001). Predicting nutrient and sediment loadings to streams from landscape metrics: A multiple watershed study from the united states mid-atlantic region. Landscape Ecology, 16:301{312, 2001.

Kaushal, S.S., Pace, M.L., Groman, P.M., Band, L.E., Belt, K.T., Mayer, P.M., Welty, C., (2010). Land use and climate variability amplify contaminant pulses. Eos, Transactions, American Geohphysical Union, 91(25):221{222, July 2010.

Kaushal, S.S., Groman, P.M., Band, L. E., Shields, C.A., Morgan, R.P., Palmer, M.A., Belt, K.T., Swan, C.M., Findlay, S.E.G., Fisher, G.T., (2008). Interac-tion between urbanization and climate variability amplifies watershed nitrate export in maryland. Environmental Science & Technology, 42(16):5872{5878, July 2008.

Klein, R.D. (1979). Urbanization and stream quality impairment. Water Resources Bulletin, 15:948{963, 1979.

Lovejoy, S. (1982). Area-perimeter relation for rain and cloud areas. Science, 216: 185{187, 1982.

Magurran, A.E. (1988). Ecological Diversity and its Measurement. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1988.

McGarigal, K. & Marks, B.J. (1994). Fragstats: Spatial pattern analysis program for quantifying landscape structure, version 2.0. Oregon State University, Corvallis,1994.

Neel, Maile C., McGarigal, K., Cushman, Samuel A. (2004). Behavior of class-level landscape metrics across gradients of class aggregation and area. Landscape Ecology, 19:435{455, 2004.

O’Neill, R.V., Krummel, J.R., Gardner, R.H., Sugihara, G., Jackson, B., DeAngelis, D.L., Milne, B.T., Turner, Monica G., Zygmut, B., Christensen, S.W., Dale, V.H., Graham, R.L. (1988). Indices of landscape pattern. Landscape Ecology, 11:169{180, 1988.

Osborne, L.L. & Wiley, M.J. (1988). Empirical relationships between land use/land cover and stream water quality in an agricultural watershed. Journal of Environmental Management, 26:9{27, 1988.

Pickover, C.A. (1990). Computers, Pattern, Chaos and Beauty, Graphics from an Unseen World. St. Martin’s Press, New York, NY, 1990.

Richards, J. & Jia, X. (1996). Remote Sensing Digital Image Analysis: An Introduction. Springer, 3 edition, 1996.

Ritters, K.H., O’Neill, R. V., Wickham, J. D., Jones, K. B. (1996). A note on contagion metrics of landscape analysis. Landscape Ecology. 11(4): 197-202.

Ritters, K.H., O’Neill, R.V., Hunsaker, C.T., Wickham, J.D., Yankee, D.H., Timmins, S.P., Jones, K.B. and Jackson, B. L., (1995). A factor analysis of landscape pattern and structure metrics. Landscape Ecology, 10:23{39, 1995.

Schueler, T.R. & Galli, J. (1992). Environmental impacts of stormwater ponds. In P Kimble and T. Schueler, editors, Watershed Restoration Source Book, page 242. Washington Council Government, 1992.

Spivey, A. (2011). Multiple Scale Landscape Pattern Index Interpretation for the Persistent Monitoring of Land-Cover and Land-Use. Ph.d., Rochester Institute of Technology, 54 Lomb Memorial Drive, May 2011.

Spivey, A. & Vodacek, A. (2017). Multiscale fourier landscape pattern indices for landscape ecology. In Review, 2017.

Sponseller, R.A., Beneld E.F., Valett, H.M. (2001). Relationships between land use, spatial scale and stream macroinvertebrate communities. Freshwater Biology, 46(10):1409{1424, 2001.

Vogelmann, J.E., Howard, S.M., Yang, L., Larson, C.R.,. Wylie, B.K, Van Driel, N. (2001). Completion of the 1990s national land cover data set for the conterminous united states from landsat thematic mapper data and ancillary data sources. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 67:650{662,2001

Voss, R.F. (1988). Fractals in Nature, chapter From Characterization to Simulation, pages 21{70. The Science of Fractal Images. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY, 1988.

Wang, L., Lyons, J., Kanehl, P., Gatti, R. (1998). Influences of watershed land use on habitat quality and biotic integrity of wisconsin streams. Fisheries, 22: 6{12, 1998.

Weins, J.A. & Milne, B.T. (1989). Scaling of ‘landscapes’ in landscape ecology, or, landscape ecology from a beetle’s perspective. Landscape Ecology, 3:87{96, 1989.

Wickham, J.D. &. Ritters, K.H. (1995). Sensitivity of landscape metrics to pixel size. International Journal of Remtoe Sensing, 16(18):3585{3594, 1995.

Williams, M.R. & Melack, John M. (1997). Solute export from forested and partially deforested catchments in the central amazon. Biogeochemistry, 38:67{102, 1997.

Williams, M.R., Fisher, T.R., Melack, John M. (1997). Solute dynamics in soil water and groundwater in central amazon catchment undergoing deforestation. Biogeochemistry, 38(3):303{335, 1997

Woodwell, George M. ed. (1998). Stream Biodiversity; The Ghost of Land Use Past, volume 95, 1998. National Academy of Sciences of the United States.

Wu, J. (20014). Ects of changing scale on landscape pattern analysis: Scaling relations. Landscape Ecology, 19:125{138, 2004.

Wu, J., Shen, W., Sun, W., Tueller, P.T. (2002). Empirical patterns of the e ects of changing scale on landscape metrics. Landscape Ecology, 17:761{782, 2002.

Yuen, S.Y., Fong, Ch.K., Chan, K.L., Leung Y.W. (2004). Fractal dimension estimation and noise ltering using hough transform. Signal Processing, 84:907{917, January 2004.

Journal of Landscape Ecology

The Journal of Czech National Chapter of the Association for Landscape Ecology (CZ-IALE)

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.68

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.245
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.560

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 90 90 25
PDF Downloads 65 65 13