Aspects of Understanding Government’s Public Institutions Behavior Necessary to Design Reforms

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Abstract

This paper presents some aspects found by the author in his research in field of government public institutions behavior. The author started some years ago to research the modality how should prepare a conceptual transfer of management from the companies practice to government public institutions and to implement them for enhance quality of their results. The main concept of the theoretical research is based on some well-known theoretical remarks. One of this shows that the public institutions are similar entities as companies. Eventually they have higher complexity. Following this logic, the public institutions should be led by management instead public administration. Considering public management and the new public management only some attempts without solving the main problems, the author consider that implementing procedural efficiency oriented management to the government public institution is equivalent with an important changes induced by outside.

Preparing the conceptual transfer, for the first period of research was necessary to understand government’s public institution behavior. For this purpose the relational frame was the business organization. In this respect the research compares organizational behavior of companies and public institutions and their reaction to important changes. For understand similarities and differences it was necessary to discover theoretical standpoints regarding companies reaction to important changes induced by outside and main determinants from the organizational sciences literature. In the similar way was studied the public institution reaction and determinants of this to important changes, theoretically through documentary analyses of the literature of public administration.

The benchmarking between the reactions of the mentioned two entities discovered different behaviors and the main determinants of the reactions of them to a new form of leading system by management, including modern instruments as knowledge management.

The paper conclusions sustain that implementation of modern management systems to government’s public institutions should deal with a different behavior used to know at companies. In this respect, the paper highlights different aspects between companies and public institutions behavior admitting similarities on organizational structure and internal procedures.

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