Living with Reindeer Thirty Years After Socialism: Land Use and Large Reindeer Herding Among the Evenki of Southeast Siberia

Donatas Brandišauskas 1
  • 1 Institute of Asian and Transcultural Studies, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania

Abstract

30 years after socialism many groups of Evenki reindeer herders failed to survive in the suboreal taiga of East Siberia. By making reference to two case studies from the northern part of the Zabaikal region and southern part of the Republic of Sakha, this article shows how the successful continuation of reindeer herding is based on the ability of charismatic leaders mobilising Evenki communities around reindeer herding and subsistence economies. This success also relies on connection to different agents of power in local administrations, large cities and governments and the use of all of the available opportunities that infrastructure or economic agents can offer.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Anderson, David. 2006a. Is Siberian Reindeer Herding in Crisis? Living with Reindeer Fifteen Years after the End of State Socialism. – Nomadic Peoples 10 (2): 87–104. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3167/np.2006.100206.

  • Anderson, David. 2006b. Dwellings, Storage and Summer Site Structure among Siberian Oro-chen-Evenkis: Hunter-Gatherer Vernacular Architecture under Post-Socialist Conditions. – Norwegian Archeological Review 39 (1): 1–26. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00293650600703894.

  • Anderson, David. 2012. Shamanistic Revival in a Post-Socialist Landscape: Luck and Ritual among Zabaikal’e Orochen-Evenkis. – Landscape and Culture in the Siberian North, edited by Peter Jordan. London: University College London Press, 71–95.

  • Brandišauskas, Donatas. 2017a. Leaving Footprints in the Taiga: Luck, Rituals and Ambivalence among Orochen Reindeer Herders and Hunters in Zabaikal’ia, East Siberia. Oxford, New York, NY: Berghahn Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvss40w3.

  • Brandišauskas, Donatas. 2017b. Staryye tekhnologii i sovremennoye izgotovleniye tayezhnogo snaryazheniya u evenkov Zabaykal’ya. – Izvestiya Laboratorii drevnikh tekhnologiy 13 (3): 44–57. [Брандишаускас, Донатас. 2017. Старые технологии и современное изготовление таеж-ного снаряжения у эвенков Забайкалья. – Известия Лаборатории древних технологий 13 (3): 44–57.]

  • Belyanskaya, Marina. 2013. Olekminskiye evenki: statisticheskoye, istoriko-kul’turnoye issledovaniye. – Vestnik SFVU 10 (2): 165–170. [Белянская, Марина. 2013. Олекминские эвенки: статистическое, историко-культурное исследование. – Вестник СФВУ 10 (2): 165–170.]

  • Davydov, Vladimir. 2014. Issledovaniye otnosheniy cheloveka i olenya v Yuzhnoy Jakutii. – Mate-rialy polevykh issledovaniy MAE RAN, edited by Ye. G. Fëdorova. Sankt-Peterburg.: MAE RAN, 95–117. [Давыдов, Владимир. 2014. Исследование отношений человека и оленя в Южной Якутии. – Материалы полевых исследований МАЭ РАН, отв. ред. Е. Г. Фёдорова. Санкт-Петербург: МАЭ РАН, 95–117.]

  • Davydov, Vladimir. 2018. Mobil’nost’ kak reflektivnyy i kreativnyy protsess: Ispol’zovaniye infrastruktury evenkami Vostochnoy Sibiri. – Ural’skiy Istoricheskiy Vestnik 3 (60): 24–31. [Давы-дов, Владимир. 2018. Мобильность как рефлективный и креативный процесс: Использо-вание инфраструктуры эвенками Восточной Сибири. – Уральский Исторический Вестник 3 (60): 24–31.] DOI: https://doi.org/10.30759/1728-9718-2018-3(60)-24-30.

  • Humphrey, Caroline. 1999. Marx Went Away – But Karl Stayed Behind. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3998/mpub.11004.

  • Klokov, Konstantin K. 2016. Reindeer Herders’ Communities of the Siberian Taiga in Changing Social Context. – Sibirica 15 (1): 81–101. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3167/sib.2016.150104.

  • Povoroznyuk, Olga. 2017. Social Dynamics and Sustainability of BAM Communities: Migration, Competition for Resources, and Intergroup Relations. – New Mobilities and Social Changes in Russia’s Arctic Regions, edited by Marlene Laruelle. London: Routledge, 133–157.

  • Schweitzer, Peter; Olga Povoroznyuk and Sigrid Schiesser. 2017. Beyond Wilderness: Towards an Anthropology of Infrastructure and the Built Environment in the Russian North. – The Polar Journal 7 (1): 58–85. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/2154896X.2017.1334427.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search