Media Reform and Development in Bosnia: An Interorganizational Account of the Media Issues Group
This manuscript focuses on development assistance players' efforts to cooperate, coordinate and collaborate on projects of mutual interest. I target the case of the cross-sectoral and international Media Issues Group designed to reform and develop the media sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina. I identify and categorize variables that influenced interorganizational relationships to summarize lessons learned and potentially inform similar interventions. This work suggests that cooperation, coordination and collaboration are constrained by contextual, strategic and procedural variables. Through participant narrative based on observation and interviews, this work clarifies the nuances within these three sets of variables for potential extrapolation to other settings. Perhaps more importantly, it provides lessons learned that can inform future international community interventions in market development activities.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Aubrey L. 1997 The politics of development cooperation: NGOs gender and partnerships in Kenya. NY: Routledge.
Black J.K. 1999 Development in Theory and Practice. Oxford: Westview Press.
Borton John 1995 ‘An account of co-ordination mechanisms for humanitarian assistance during the international response to the 1994 crisis in Rwanda’ Disasters Overseas Development Institute Vol. 20 No. 4 pp. 305-323.
Brahimi L. 2000 Report on the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations.
Brinkerhoff D.W. 1996 ‘Coordination issues in policy implementation networks: An illustration from Madagascar's environmental action plan’ World Development Vol. 24 No. 9 pp. 1497-1510.
Brinkerhoff J.M. 2002 ‘Government-Nonprofit partnership: A defining framework’ Public Administration and Development Vol. 22 pp. 19-30.
Brinkerhoff J.M. and Brinkerhoff D.W. 2002 ‘Government-Nonprofit relations in comparative perspective: Evolution themes and new directions’ Public Administration and Development Vol. 22 pp. 3-18.
Brown S. 2005 ‘Foreign Aid and Democracy Promotion’ European Journal of Development Research Vol. 17 No. 2 pp. 179-198.
De Luce Dan 2003 Assessment of USAID Media Assistance in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1996-2002 Bureau for Policy and Program Coordination PN-ACR-756.
Domi Tanya 2002 Analysis of Media Reforms PBS in Bosnia Montenegro and Serbia Media Online/Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.
Donini A. 1996 ‘The Politics of Mercy: UN Coordination in Afghanistan Mozambique and Rwanda' Providence R.I.: Watson Institute
Easterman M. 2000 ‘One-legged Media Lame Democracy: Experiences from Albania and Bosnia’ International Journal of Cultural Studies Vol. 3 No. 2 pp. 240-246.
Edwards M. 1999 ‘International development NGOs: Agents of foreign aid or vehicles for international cooperation?’ Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly Vol. 28 No. 4 supplement pp. 25-37.
Evans P. 1996 ‘Introduction: Development strategies across the public-private divide’ World Development Vol. 24 No. 6 pp. 1033-1037.
Government Accountability Office (GAO) 2005 Independent Media Development Abroad: Challenges Exist in Implementing U.S. Efforts and Measuring Results Report to the Chairman Committee on Foreign Relations U.S. Senate GAO-05-803.
Gulyas A. 2003 ‘Print Media in Post-Communist East Central Europe’ European Journal of Communication Vol. 18 No. 1 pp. 81-106.
Henderson G. Kilalic J. and Kontic B. 2003 The Media Environment in Bosnia and Herzegovina: An Assessment for USAID/Bosnia.
International Crisis Group 1997 Media in Bosnia and Herzegovina: How International Support Can Be More Effective ICG Bosnia Project March 18.
International Crisis Group 1997 Dayton: Two Years On ICG Bosnia Project Report No. 27 November 19.
Internews B&H Sarajevo 2001 Pressures on Electronic Media in BiH: Findings of the First Comprehensive Study Canadian International Development Agency.
Jamal A. 2001 ‘State-Building and Media Regime: Censoring the Emerging Public Sphere in Palestine’ Gazette Vol. 63 No. 2-3 pp. 263-282.
Jakubowicz K. 1995 ‘Media Within and Without the State: Press Freedom in Eastern Europe’ Journal of Communication Vol. 45 No. 4. pp. 125-139.
Jakubowicz K. 1996 ‘Media Legislation as a Mirror of Democracy’ Transitions Vol. 2 No. 21 October.
Jusic Tarik 2000 Media Policies and the Settlement of Ethnic Conflicts in Managing Multiethnic Local Communities.
Lofland J. and Lofland L.H. 1995 Analyzing social settings. Wadsworth Publishing CA.
Martin E. 2004 ‘Privatization in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Insights from and into the craft of interorganizational process analysis’ Organization Studies Vol. 25 No. 7 pp. 1115-1157.
Martin E. and Miller J. 2003 ‘Developing Bosnia and Herzegovina: Understanding Large-Scale Interorganizational Systems’ Voluntas. June 2003.
McCracken G. 1988 The long interview. Sage Publications. CA.
Ostrom E. 1996 ‘Crossing the great divide: Coproduction synergy and development’ World Development Vol. 24 No. 6 pp. 1073-1087.
Palmer L.K. 2001 Power-Sharing in Media: Integration of the Public? Media Online: Southeast European Media Journal.
Pech Laurent 1999/2000 ‘Is Dayton Falling?: Reforming Media in Bosnia and Herzegovina International Journal of Communications Law and Policy Issue 4 Winter pp. 1-28.
Price Monroe 2000 Restructuring the Media in Post-Conflict Societies UNESCO World Press Day Conference Geneva Cardozo Online Journal of Conflict Resolution.
Pressman J.L. and Wildavsky A. 1984 Implementation 3rd Edition. University of California Press CA.
Roberts N.C. and Bradley R.T. 2005 ‘Organizing for Peace Operations’ Public Management Review Vol. 7 No. 1 pp. 111-134.
Shuey A. 2003 ‘Democracy According to Dayton: The United States and International Community's Role in Bosnia-Hercegovina International Affairs Review pp. 110-118.
Spradley J.P. 1979 The ethnographic interview. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Fort Worth.
Spurk C. 2002 Media and Peacebuilding Concepts Actors and Challenges KOFF Working Paper No. 1. Swiss Peace Foundation
Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe 2004 Support to Media in SEE: Strategy 2005-2007 Media Task Force.
Strauss A. and Corbin J. 1990 Basics of Qualitative Research. Sage Publications CA.
Taylor M. 2000 Final Evalaution of OTI's Programs in Bosnia and Croatia: An Evaluation Prepared for the Office Of Transition Initiatives Bureau for Humanitarian Response USAID. September 26.
Taylor M. 1999 ‘Media relations in Bosnia: A role for Public relations in Building Civil Society’ Public Relations Review Vol. 26 pp. 1-15.
Taylor M. and Kent M. 2000 ‘Media Transitions in Bosnia: From Propagandistic Past to Uncertain Future’ Gazette Vol 62 No. 5 pp. 355-378.
Udovicic Z. Jusic T. Halilovic M Udovicic R. 2001 The Media at a Turning Point: A Media Landscape of Bosnia-Herzegovina MediaOnline: Southeast European Media Journal.
United Nations Development Programme 2004 Supporting Public Service Broadcasting: Lessons from Bosnia and Herzegovina's Experience Bureau for Development Policy Democratic Governance Group.
Vargas C.M. 2002 ‘Women in sustainable development: Empowerment though partnerships for healthy living’ World Development Vol. 30 No. 9 pp. 1539-1560.
Westley F. and Vrandenburg H. 1997 ‘Interorganizational collaboration and the preservation of global diversity’ Organization Science Vol. 8 No. 4 pp. 381-403.