Coherence Between Land Use and Parking in Sustainable Cities

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Abstract

The article introduces main results of a research about defining parking needs to land use functions on the principles of sustainable mobility. Objective of the research was to find a method of determining differentiated, realistic (and environmentally friendly) parking standards applicable in the practice of urban planning and traffic design. Process of the work is briefly presented. Existing Hungarian practice of determining parking demands for different land use functions and zones is dealt with, pointing out problems, inconsequent issues and necessity of an urgent review. Factors to be taken into consideration (land use type, location within the city structure, accessibility and service level of public transportation system, simultaneity of usage land use zones, etc.) are listed. A model for calculation of realistic parking needs is shown. Needs and possible directions of further research are explained.

[1] EDICT 253/1997. (“OTÉK”), about National Requirements on Urban Planning and Building (latest modification in 2012.).

[2] MACSINKA, K. Methodology to determine parking needs to land use functions, based on the principles of sustainable mobility, PHD thesis, Győr, (2012).

[3] MACSINKA, K. „Sustainable mobility and historic city centres ” - „Transport infrastructure in Cities” International Conference, University of Zilina, Slovakia (2012), PP. 35-36.

YBL Journal of Built Environment

The Journal of Szent István University, Ybl Miklós Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering

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