Chemical Composition and Amounts of Mineral Elements in Honeybee-Collected Pollen in Relation to Botanical Origin

Open access

Abstract

This study was conducted at the apiary of the Agricultural and Veterinary Training and Research Station, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. The purpose was to study the relationship between the botanical origin and chemical composition of bee-collected pollen. The amount of mineral elements present in bee-collected pollen was also studied. The composition of pollen loads showed the maximum contents of dry matter, ash, glucose, fructose, magnesium (Mg), phosphorus (P), and manganese (Mn) for the date palm; the maximum contents of protein, calcium (Ca), and zinc (Zn) for alfalfa; the maximum contents of fiber, and copper (Cu) for the sunflower; the maximum contents of the lipids and iron (Fe) for summer squash; and the maximum contents of sodium (Na), and potassium (K) for rape. Calcium was found to be correlated in a significantly (p<0.01) positive way with K, Na, Mg, P, Mn, and Zn. Copper, though, was correlated in a significantly (p<0.01) negative way with Ca, Mg, P, Mn, and Zn. The high levels of protein, ash, glucose, and fructose, and low lipid content found in bee-pollen from the date palm and from alfalfa, mean that pollen from the date palm and from alfalfa make an excellent food supplement. It was concluded, that the chemical composition of beecollected pollen can be correlated with the plant species from which pollen was collected.

Almeida-Muradian L. B., Pamplona L. C., Coimbra S., Barth O. M. (2005) Chemical composition and botanical evaluation of dried bee pollen pellets. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 18(1): 105-111.

Al-Zarah A. (2008) Chemistry of groundwater of Al-Ahsa Oasis eastern region Saudi Arabia and its predictive effects on soil properties. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 11(3): 332-341.

AOAC (1995) Official methods of analysis of f AOAC International, 16th Edition. AOAC International. Washington, DC.

Campos M. G., Cunha A., Markham K. R. (1996) Bee-pollen. Composition, properties, and applications. In: Proceeding of the International Conference on Bee Products Properties, Applications, and Apitherapy. 26-30 May 1996: 93-100.

Campos M. G. R., Bogdanov S., Almeida-Muradian L. B., Szczęsna T., Mancebo Y., Christian F., Ferreira F. (2008) Pollen composition and standardisation of analytical methods. Journal of Apicultural Research 47(2): 154-161.

Carpes S. T., De Alencar S. M., Masson M. L. (2009) Chemical composition and free radical scavenging activity of Apis mellifera bee pollen from Southern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Food Technology 12(3): 220-229.

Crailsheim K., Schneider L. H. W., Hrassnigg N., Bühlmann G., Brosch U., Gmeinbauer R., Schöffmann B. (1992) Pollen consumption and utilization in worker honeybees (Apis mellifera carnica): dependence on individual age and function. Journal of Insect Physiology 38(6): 409-419.

Duncan B. D. (1955) Multiple Range and Multiple F. Test. Biometrics 11: 1- 42.

Folch J., Lees M., Stanley S. G. (1957) A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. Journal of Biological Chemistry 226(1): 497-509.

Hassan H. M. (2011) Chemical composition and nutritional value of palm pollen grains. Global Journal of Biotechnology & Biochemistry 6(1): 1-7.

Human H., Nicolson S. W. (2006) Nutritional content of fresh, bee-collected and stored pollen of Aloe greatheadii var. davyana (Asphodelaceae). Phytochemistry 67: 1486-1492.

Iannuzzi J. (1993) Pollen: food for honey bee and man. American Bee Journal 133(8): 557-563.

Kacániová M., Vuković N., Chlebo R., Haščík P., Rovná K., Cubon J., Dżugan M., Pasternakiewicz A. (2012) The antimicrobial activity of honey, bee pollen loads and beeswax from Slovakia. Archives of biological sciences 64 (3), 927-934.

Louveaux J., Maurizio A., Vorwohl G. (1978) Methods of melissopalynology. Bee World 59 (4): 139-157.

Mărgăoan R., Mărghitas L., Dezmirean D. S., Bobis O., Mihai C. M. (2012) Physical-Chemical composition of fresh bee pollen from Transylvania. Bulletin UASVM Animal Science and Biotechnologies 69(1-2): 351-355.

Martins M. C. T., Morgano M. A., Vicente E., Baggio S. R., Rodriguez-Amaya D. B. (2011) Physicochemical composition of bee pollen from eleven Brazilian states. Journal of Apicultural Science 55(2): 107-116.

Morgano M. A., Martins M. C., Rabonato L. C., Milani R. F., Yotsuyanagi K., Odriguez-Amaya D. B. (2012) A comprehensive investigation of the mineral composition of Brazilian bee pollen: geographic and seasonal variations and contribution to human diet. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society 23(4):727-736.

Nicolson S. W., Human H. (2013) Chemical composition of the ‘low quality’ pollen of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L., Asteraceae). Apidologie 44(2): 144-152.

Orzáez Villanueva M. T., Díaz Marquina A., Bravo Serrano R., Blazquez Abellán G. (2002) The importance of bee collected pollen in the diet: a study of its composition. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition 53(3): 217-224.

Pernal S. F., Currie R. W. (2000) Pollen quality of fresh and 1-year-old single pollen diets for worker honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Apidologie 31: 387-409.

Rabie A. L., Wells J. D., Dent L. K. (1983) The nitrogen content of pollen protein. Journal of Apicultural Research 22(2): 119-123.

Rogala R., Szymaś B. (2004). Nutritional value for bees of pollen substitute enriched with synthetic amino acids. Part I. Chemical methods. Journal of Apicultural Science 48(1): 19-27.

SAS Institute (2003).SAS/STAT User’s Guide release 9.1. SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC 27513.

Serra Bonvehi J., Casanova M. T. (1987) Estudio analitico para determinar la humedad del polen. Anales de bromatología 39(2): 339-349.

Serra Bonvehi J., Escola Jorda R. (1997) Nutrient composition and microbiological quality of honeybee-collected pollen in Spain. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 45: 725-732.

Singh S., Saini K., Jain K. L. (1999) Quantitative comparison of lipids in some pollens and their phagostimulatory effects in honey bees. Journal of Apicultural Research 38(1-2): 87-92.

Siuda M., Wilde J., Bąk T. (2012) The effect of various storage methods on organoleptic quality of bee pollen loads. Journal of Apicultural Science 56(1): 71-79.

Somerville D. C., Nicol H. I. (2006) Crude protein and amino acid composition of honeybee-collected pollen pellets from south-east Australia and a note on laboratory disparity. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 46(1): 141-149.

Stanciu O. G., Marghitas L. A., Dezmirean D., Campos M. G. (2012) Specific distribution of minerals in selected unifloral bee pollen. Food Science and Technology Letters 3(1): 27-31.

Szczęsna T. (2006a) Protein content and amino acid composition of bee-collected pollen from selected botanical origins. Journal of Apicultural Science 50(2): 81-90.

Szczęsna T. (2006b) Protein content and amino acids composition of bee-collected pollen originating from Poland, South Korea and China. Journal of Apicultural Science 50(2): 93-101.

Szczęsna T. (2007) Study on the sugar composition of honeybee-collected pollen. Journal of Apicultural Science 51(1): 15-22.

Szczęsna T., Rybak-Chmielewska H., Chmielewski W. (2002) Sugar composition of pollen loads harvested at different periods of the beekeeping season. Journal of Apicultural Science 46(2): 107-116.

Taha E. A., Manosur H. M., Shawer M. B. (2010) The relationship between comb age and the amounts of mineral elements in honey and wax. Journal of Apicultural Research and Bee World 49(2): 202-207.

Tasei J. N., Aupinel P. (2008) Nutritive value of 15 single pollens and pollen mixes tested on larvae produced by bumblebee workers (Bombus terrestris, Hymenoptera: Apidae). Apidologie 39(4): 397-409.

Journal of Apicultural Science

The Journal of Research Institute of Horticulture and Apicultural Research Association

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.75
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.007

CiteScore 2017: 0.92

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.345
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.461

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 300 300 55
PDF Downloads 157 157 33