Eating out for many is regarded as a leisure activity, embracing the consumption of food, drink and place. In contrast to the ubiquitous and homogenous branded coffee shops and cafes found in most cities are examples from earlier eras, which offer consumers a degree of differentiation. They represent a culinary legacy and heritage by association with time and place. Cafes are utilised in the two case study examples, Deller’s Café, Exeter, United Kingdom, and Café Kranzler, Berlin, Germany, as social spaces, and in the context of tourism, attractions. The appeal of social spaces with an historical legacy is presented as the basis for further social research opportunities. These, it is proposed present a way of looking at the past to learn about the present.
Anon 1847, The hand-book of travel talk, a selection of dialogues and vocabularies, London, John Murray.
Anon 1868, Travellers handbook, Northern Germany, London, John Murray.
Anon ca 1920, How to make good pictures, a handbook for the amateur photographer, London, Kodak Limited.
Anon c 1925, About Dellerland, Exeter, Paignton and Taunton. Exeter, Fred Ford Studios.
Anon 1935, The Dunlop Guide to Great Britain, Cheltenham, Ed. J. Burrow & Co, Ltd.
Anon 1990, Te al Florian, Venezia, Caffe Florian.
Baedeker, 1900, Northern Germany, Leipsic, (Leipzig) Karl Baedeker.
Bell, D., 2007, The hospitable city: social relations in commercial spaces, Progress in Human Geography, 3, 1, 7 - 22.
Bennett, J., 2001, The enchantment of modern life, New Jersey, Princeton University Press.
Borer, M. I., 2006, The location of culture: the urban culturalist perspective, City and Community, 5, 2, 173 - 197.
Burnett, J., 2004, England Eats Out -1830 -present, Harlow, Pearson Longman.
Chu, S., Downes, J, J., 2000, Odour evoked autobiographical memories, psychological investigations of the Proustian phenomena, Chemical Senses, 25, 111 - 116.
Clayton, A., 2003, London’s Coffee Houses, London, Historical Publications Ltd.
Cleave, P., 2014, Postcards as a source of data in hospitality research, Hospitality and Society, 4.3, 311-320.
Clunn, H., 1929, Famous south coast pleasure resorts past and present. London, Whittingham and Co.
Cohen, E., Avieli, N., 2004, Food in tourism, attraction and impediment, Annals of tourism research, 21, 4, 755-778.
Edwards, E., 2012, The camera as historian, Durham & London, Duke University Press.
Everett, S., 1979, Lost Berlin, Greenwich, Ct., Bison Books.
Fletcher, B, F., 1961, (17th ed., revised by R.A. Cordingly) A history of architecture on the comparative method, London, University of London, The Athlone Press.
Fodor, E., 1936, 1936, On the continent, London, W. Aldor.
Gay, P., 2002, Schnitzler’s Century, The making of middle class culture, 1815 - 1914, New York, W.W. Norton & Company.
Girouard, M., 1983, Cities and people, London, Guild Publishing.
Gordon, B., 1986, The souvenir, messenger of the extraordinary, Journal of Popular Culture, 20, 3, 135 - 146.
Grafe, C., Bollerey, F., 2007, Cafes and Bars, The architecture of public display, London, Routledge.
Hamilton, J., 2003, Thomas Cook, the holiday maker, Stroud, Sutton Publishing.
Harwood, E., 2003, A picture palace for Paignton, Picture House, 28, 3 - 10.
Hassall, C., 1965, Rupert Brooke, London, Faber and Faber.
Henseleit, F, 1973, Stadt Landschaft im Wandel, Berlin, Axel Springer.
Hindley, G., 1983, Tourist, travellers and pilgrims, London, Hutchinson.
Hitchcock, M., Teague. 2000, Souvenirs, the material culture of tourism, Aldershot, Ashgate.
Hoskins, W, G., 1960, Two thousand years in Exeter, Exeter, Townsend.
Janssen, S., Chessa, A., Murre, J., 2005, The reminiscence bump in autobiographical memory: effects of age, gender, education and culture, Memory, 13, 6, 658 - 668.
Jones, N., 1999, Rupert Brooke, life death and myth, London, Richard Cohen Books.
Kivela, J., Crotts, J, C., 2006, Tourism and Gastronomy: Gastronomy’s influence on how tourists experience a destination, Journal of tourism and hospitality research, 30, 3, 354-377.
Lashley, C., 2000, In search of hospitality, theoretical perspectives and debates, Oxford, Butterworth-Heinemann.
MacDonogh, G., 1998, Berlin, a portrait of its history, politics, architecture and society, New York, St Martin’s Press.
Mennell, S., 1985, All manners of food, Oxford, Blackwell.
Mikes, G., 1980, Coffee houses of Europe, London, Thames and Hudson Ltd.
Montanari, M., 1994, The culture of food, Blackwell, Oxford.
Montgomery, J., 1997, Café culture and the city: the role of pavement cafes in urban public social life, Journal of Urban design, 2, 1, 83 - 102.
Morgan, N., Pritchard, A., 2005, On souvenirs and metonymy, Tourist Studies, 5, 1, 29 - 53.
Muirhead. L, R., 1939, The Blue Guide to England, London, Ernest Benn Limited.
Nagel, B., 2006, Neues Kranzler Ecke Berlin, Die Neuen Architekturfuhrer Nr. 95, Berlin, Standtwandel.
Newnham Davis, N., 1903, The Gourmet’s Guide to Europe, London, Grant Richards.
Newnham Davis, N., 1908, The Gourmet’s Guide to Europe, London, Grant Richards.
Newnham Davis, N., 1911, The Gourmet’s Guide to Europe, London, Grant Richards.
Orbsali, A., 2000, Tourists in historic towns, urban conservation and management, London, E & F N Spon.
Pump-Uhlmann, H, 2007, in, Cafes and bars, the architecture of public display, London, Routledge.
Quan, S., Wang, N., 2004, Towards a structural model of the tourist experience, an illustration from food experiences in tourism, Tourism Management, 25, 297 - 305.
Ramsay, N., 2009, Taking place: refracted enchantment and the habitual spaces of the tourist souvenir, Social and Cultural Geography, 10, 2, 197 - 217.
Riley Fitch, N., 2006, The Grand Literary Cafes of Europe, London, New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd.
Shaw, G., Hill Curth, L., Alexander, A., 2006, Creating new spaces of food consumption, Cultures of selling, perspectives on consumption and society since 1700, Aldershot, Ashgate.
Simmons, J., 1960, Photographic records for local history, The Library Association Record, Vol. 62, 10.
Spang, R, L., 2000, The invention of the restaurant, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press.
Vassiltchikov, M., 1985, The Berlin diaries, 1940 - 1945, London, Chatto & Windus.
Veblen, T., 1961, The theory of the leisure class, an economic study of institutions, New York, Random House.
Weber, J, M, E., 1929, Theory and practice of the confectioner, Radebeul-Dresden, Internationaler Fachverlag, White, U., 2000, Truly rural, Richmond, MW Print.
Wing Sung Tun, V., Ritchie, B, J, R., 2011, Investigating the memorable experiences of the senior travel market: an examination of the reminiscence bump, Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing, 28, 3, 331-343.
Yin, K, R., 2009, (4th ed) Case study research, design and methods, Thousand Oaks, California, Sage.