Effects of Small-Sided Soccer Games on Internal and External Load and Lower Limb Power: A Pilot Study in Collegiate Players

Open access

Abstract

Purpose. The aim of the study was to examine the influence of small-sided and conditioned games (SSG) on the internal load (heart rate [HR] and perceived exertion), external load (Global Positioning System variables), and lower limb power (squat jump [SJ] and countermovement jump [CMJ]).

Methods. Six collegiate male soccer players (age 20.3 ± 4.8 years; maximal oxygen uptake 42.9 ± 2.7 ml/kg/min; maximal HR 184.7 bpm) performed three 2-min bouts of 1 vs. 1 and two 3-min bouts of 3 vs. 3 format with a work-to-rest ratio of 1:1.5. Two-way ANOVA with repeated measures tested the effects of bouts and SSG formats on the internal and external load and on the lower limb power.

Results. The 3rd bout had significantly higher HRaverage and %HRmax values than the 2nd bout (p = 0.027 and p = 0.026, respectively). The 1st SSG bout presented higher total distance than the 2nd bout (p = 0.007). The comparison among bouts revealed higher values of pace and player load intensity in the 1st bout than in the 2nd one (p = 0.015 and p = 0.019, respectively). No differences were found in SJ and CMJ among bouts (p = 0.981 and p = 0.307, respectively). SSG formats differed for total distance (p = 0.001; ES = 0.891; longer distance in 3 vs. 3 format), but not for %HRmax (p = 0.953; ES = 0.001).

Conclusions. Physiological and physical responses varied during bouts. Nevertheless, small differences between SSG formats were found. SSG bouts did not have significant impact on the lower limb power.

1. Rebelo ANC, Silva P, Rago V, Barreira D, Krustrup P. Differences in strength and speed demands between 4v4 and 8v8 small-sided football games. J Sports Sci. 2016; 34(24):2246-2254; doi:

2. Hill-Haas SV, Dawson B, Impellizzeri FM, Coutts AJ. Physiology of small-sided games training in football: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2011;41(3):199-220; doi:

3. Clemente FM, Small-sided and conditioned games in soccer training: the science and practical applications. Singapore: Springer; 2016.

4. Dellal A, Chamari K, Pintus A, Girard O, Cotte T, Keller D. Heart rate responses during small-sided games and short intermittent running training in elite soccer players: a comparative study. J Strength Cond Res. 2008;22(5): 1449-1457; doi:

5. Hill-Haas SV, Coutts AJ, Rowsell GJ, Dawson BT. Generic versus small-sided game training in soccer. Int J Sports Med. 2009;30(9):636-642, doi:

6. Impellizzeri FM, Marcora SM, Castagna C, Reilly T, Sassi A, Iaia FM, et al. Physiological and performance effects of generic versus specific aerobic training in soccer players. Int J Sports Med. 2006;27(6):483-492; doi:

7. Jastrzębski Z, Barnat W, Dargiewicz R, Jaskulska E, Szwarc A, Radzimiński Ł. Effect of in-season generic and soccer-specific high-intensity interval training in young soccer players. Int J Sports Sci Coach. 2014;9(5):1169-1179; doi:

8. Radzimiński Ł, Rompa P, Barnat W, Dargiewicz R, Jastrzębski Z. A comparison of the physiological and technical effects of high-intensity running and small-sided games in young soccer players. Int J Sports Sci Coach. 2013;8(3):455-466; doi:

9. Halouani J, Chtourou H, Gabbett T, Chaouachi A, Chamari K. Small-sided games in team sports training: brief review. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(12):3594-3618; doi:

10. Owen A, Twist C, Ford P. Small-sided games: the physiological and technical effect of altering field/pitch size and player numbers. Insight. 2004;7(2):50-53.

11. Owen AL, Wong DP, McKenna M, Dellal A. Heart rate responses and technical comparison between small- vs. large-sided games in elite professional soccer. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(8):2104-2110; doi:

12. Goliński D, Muracki J, Wolański P, Kilch S, Murawska-Ciałowicz E. Small-sided soccer game (1v1) in goolkeepers’ training. Cent Eur J Sport Sci Med. 2016;16(4):111-118; doi:

13. Dellal A, Owen A, Wong DP, Krustrup P, van Exsel M, Mallo J. Technical and physical demands of small vs. large sided games in relation to playing position in elite soccer. Hum Mov Sci. 2012;31(4):957-69; doi:

14. Casamichana D, Roman-Quintana JS, Castellano J, Calleja-Gonzalez J. Influence of the type of marking and the number of players on physiological and physical demands during sided games in soccer. J Hum Kinet. 2015;47:259-268; doi:

15. Clemente FM, Wong DP, Martins FML, Mendes RS. Acute effects of the number of players and scoring method on physiological, physical, and technical performance in small-sided soccer games. Res Sports Med. 2014;22(4): 380-397; doi:

16. Clemente FM, Martins FM, Mendes RS. Developing aerobic and anaerobic fitness using small-sided soccer games: methodological proposals. Strength Cond J. 2014;36(3): 76-87; doi:

17. Little T. Optimizing the use of soccer drills for physiological development. Strength Cond J. 2009;31(3):67-74.

18. Owen AL, Wong DP, Paul D, Dellal A. Physical and technical comparisons between various-sided games within professional soccer. Int J Sports Med. 2014;35(4):286-292; doi:

19. Casamichana D, Castellano J. Time-motion, heart rate, perceptual and motor behaviour demands in small-sides soccer games: effects of pitch size. J Sports Sci. 2010; 28(14):1615-1623, doi:

20. Casamichana D, Castellano J, Castagna C. Comparing the physical demands of friendly matches and small-sided games in semiprofessional soccer players. J Strength Cond Res. 2012;26(3):837-843; doi:

21. Koklu Y. A comparison of physiological responses to various intermittent and continuous small-sided games in young soccer players. J Hum Kinet. 2012;31:89-96; doi:

22. Hill-Haas SV, Rowsell GJ, Dawson BT, Coutts AJ. Acute physiological responses and time-motion characteristics of two small-sided training regimes in youth soccer players. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(1):111-115; doi:

23. Fanchini M, Azzalin A, Castagna C, Schena F, McCall A, Impellizzeri FM. Effect of bout duration on exercise intensity and technical performance of small-sided games in soccer. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(2):453-458; doi:

24. Hill-Haas SV, Dawson BT, Coutts AJ, Rowsell GJ. Physiological responses and time-motion characteristics of various small-sided soccer games in youth players. J Sports Sci. 2009;27(1):1-8; doi:

25. Buchheit M. Performance and physiological responses to repeated-sprint and jump sequences. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010;110(5):1007-1018; doi:

26. Gathercole RJ, Sporer BC, Stellingwerff T, Sleivert GG. Comparison of the capacity of different jump and sprint field tests to detect neuromuscular fatigue. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29(9):2522-2531; doi:

27. Rahnama N, Reilly T, Lees A. Injury risk associated with playing actions during competitive soccer. Br J Sports Med. 2002;36(5):354-359.

28. Bangsbo J, Iaia FM, Krustrup P. The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test: a useful tool for evaluation of physical performance in intermittent sports. Sports Med. 2008;38(1): 37-51.

29. Köklü Y, Aşçi A, Koçak FU, Alemdaroğlu U, Dündar U. Comparison of the physiological responses to different small-sided games in elite young soccer players. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(6):1522-1528; doi:

30. Bangsbo J, Nørregaard L, Thorsø F. Activity profile of competition football. Can J Sport Sci. 1991;16(2):110-116.

31. Borg G. Perceived exertion and pain scales. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 1998.

32. Scott MTU, Scott TJ, Kelly VG. The validity and reliability of global positioning systems in team sport: a brief review. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(5):1470-1490; doi:

33. De Blas X, Padullés JM, López del Amo JL, Guerra-Balic M. Creation and validation of chronojump-boscosystem: a free tool to measure vertical jumps. Rev Int Cienc Deporte. 2012;30(8):334-356; doi:

34. Lees A, Vanrenterghem J, de Clercq D. Understanding how an arm swing enhances performance in the vertical jump. J Biomech. 2004;37(12):1929-1940; doi:

35. Ferguson CJ. An effect size primer: a guide for clinicians and researchers. Prof Psychol Res Pract. 2009;40(5): 532-538; doi:

36. Kelly DM, Drust B. The effect of pitch dimensions on heart rate responses and technical demands of small-sided soccer games in elite players. J Sci Med Sport. 2009;12(4): 475-479; doi:

37. Casamichana D, Castellano J, Dellal A. Influence of different training regimes on physical and physiological demands during small-sided soccer games: continuous vs. intermittent format. J Strength Cond Res. 2013;27(3): 690-697; doi:

38. Burnley M, Jones AM. Oxygen uptake kinetics as a determinant of sports performance. Eur J Sport Sci. 2007; 7(2):63-79; doi:

39. Williams K, Owen A, The impact of player numbers on the physiological responses to small-sided games. J Sports Sci Med. 2007;6(10):99-102.

40. Winborn MD, Meyers AW, Mulling C. The effects of gender and experience on perceived exertion. J Sport Exerc Psychol. 1988;10(1):22-31; doi:

41. Castellano J, Casamichana D, Dellal A. Influence of game format and number of players on heart rate responses and physical demands in small-sided soccer games. J Strength Cond Res. 2013;27(5):1295-1303; doi:

42. Johnston RD, Gabbett, TJ, Seibold AJ, Jenkins DG. Influence of physical contact on neuromuscular fatigue and markers of muscle damage following small-sided games. J Sci Med Sport. 2014;17(5):535-540; doi:

Human Movement

The Journal of University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw

Journal Information


CiteScore 2016: 0.41

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.208
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.230

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 256 256 19
PDF Downloads 113 113 7