Socio-Demographic Determinants of Participation in Swimming Amongst Working Residents of Warsaw

Open access

Socio-Demographic Determinants of Participation in Swimming Amongst Working Residents of Warsaw

The aim of research is to assess the correlation between socio-demographic factors and swimming activity among the working population of Warsaw. The questionnaire survey included 4405 randomly selected residents of Warsaw. The correlation between the swimming activity and the variables characterizing the socio-demographic structure of the respondents were assessed by log-linear modelling. The significance of the impact of factors included in the analysis was determined using the chi-square test. Thirty-five per cent of the respondents declared recreational swimming. Gender, age, BMI, education, occupation, and income were significantly related to the swimming activity. Women (33%) - compared to men (38%) - were almost 1.2 times less likely to participate in swimming; similarly, overweight people (33%, OR = 0.90) and obese people (33%, OR = 0.92). People from Warsaw from 20-29 years (43%), with higher education (40%), incomes above the national average (40%), and representing the profession of an actor (52%), swam relatively more often. The results of the study might help in developing marketing plans and market segmentation strategies, as well as in forecasting the development trends of the leisure activity.

Alavi SH, Barari A, Ghazalian F, Bashiri J. Comparison of swimming exercise and amitriptyline drug use on depression. Ann Biol Res, 2011; 2(4): 206-211.

Armstrong T, Bauman A, Davies J. Physical activity patterns of Australian adults. Results of the 1999 National Physical Activity Survey. Canberra. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. 2000.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. Participation in Sport and Physical Activities, Australia, 2002. Canberra. 2003.

Barter T. Effective use of secondary school swimming pools. Swimming Times, 1992; 69(1): 17-19.

Biernat E, Tomaszewski P. Determinants of physical activity of working Warsaw residents aged 60 to 69 years. J Hum. Kinet., 2011; 30: 107-115.

Biernat E, Tomaszewski P, Milde K. Physical activity of office workers. Biol Sport, 2010; 27(4): 289-296.

Bittman M, Wajcman J. The rush hour: The character of leisure time and gender equity. Soc Forces, 2000; 79(1): 165-89.

Cardinal BJ. Role Modeling attitudes and physical activity and fitness promoting behaviors of HPERD professionals and preprofessionals. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2001; 72: 84-91.

Cardon GM, Haerens LE, Verstraete S, de Bourdeaudhuij I. Perceptions of a School-Based Self-Management Program Promoting an Active Lifestyle Among Elementary Schoolchildren, Teachers, and Parents. JTPE, 2009; 28: 141-154.

Central Statistical Office, Participation of Poles in sports and physical recreation in 2008. Warsaw. 2009.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. New York. Harper and Row. 1990.

Gwinup, G. Weight loss without dietary restriction: Efficacy of different forms of aerobic exercise. Am J Sport Med, 1987; 15: 275-279.

Hagströmer M, Bergman P, Bauman A, Sjöström M. The international prevalence study (IPS): health-enhancing physical activity in Sweden. J Public Health, 2006; 14: 307.

Hastings DW, Kurth SB, Schloder M, Cyr D. Reasons for participating in a serious leisure: comparison of Canadian and U. S. masters swimmers. Int Rev Soc Sport, 1995; 30: 101-119.

Heilbrun J, Gray C. The Economics of Art and Culture: An American Perspective, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 1993.

Henderson K, Bialeschki D, Gibson H, Huidi M, Kelly J. Gender inclusion: still an issue after all these years? Trends 2000: Shaping the future. The 5th Outdoor Recreation and Tourism Trends Symposium, Lansing, MI, September 17-20, 2000.

Ifedi F. Sport Participation in Canada, 2005. Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics. Canada. 2008.

International Standard Classification of Occupations. Available online at: ( http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/stat/isco/isco68/major.htm

Jennings M. The Truth About Swimming and Weight Loss. Available online at: ( http://mens-total-fitness.com/swimming-weight-loss.html

Katzmarzyk P. Physical activity and fitness with age among sex and ethnic groups. In: C. Bouchard SN. Blair, W. Haskell (Eds.). Physical activity and health. Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL. 2007.

Landi F, Cesari M, Onder G, Lattanzio F, Gravina EM, Bernabei R. Physical activity and mortality in frail, community-living elderly patients. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biol Sci Med Sci, 2004; 59(8): 833-837.

Lobelo F, Duperly J, Frank E. Physical activity habits of doctors and medical students influence their counseling practices. J Sports Med, 2009; 43: 89-92.

Lubowiecki-Vikuk AP. Determinants of recreational and tourism activity among people living alone/'singles' in Greater Poland Voivodeship. AWF, Poznań. 2011.

Mensink GB, Ziese T, Kob FJ. Benefits of leisure-time physical activity on the cardiovascular risk profile at older age. Int J Epidemiol, 1999; 28(4): 659-666.

Merriman N. Beyond The Glass Case: The Past, The Heritage and The Public. Left Coast Press, Walnut Creek, California. 2000.

Miller Y, Brown W. Determinants of Active Leisure for Women with Young Children - An ‘Ethic of Care’ Prevails. Leisure Sciences, 2005; 27(5): 405-420.

Mummery K, Schofield G, Caperchione C. Physical activity dose-response effects on mental health status in older adults. Aust NZ J Publ Heal, 2004; 28(2): 188-192.

Parker C. Swimming Education in England: A Comparative Historical Study. Refereed Paper. Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE), Adelaide. 2006.

Stephenson J, Bauman A, Armstrong T, Smith B. Bellew B. The costs of illness attributable to physical inactivity in Australia: a preliminary study. Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care and the Australian Sports Commission, Canberra. 2000.

Sallis J. Owen N. Physical activity and behavioural medicine. SAGE Publications Inc. California. 1999.

Sjöström M, Oja P, Hagströmer M, Smith BJ, Bauman A. Health-enhancing physical activity across European Union countries: the Eurobarometer study. J Public Health, 2006; 14(5): 291-300.

The WHO Report 2002. Reducing Risk, Promoting Healthy Life. Geneva, WHO. 2002.

Takkinen S, Suutama T, Ruoppila I. More meaning by exercising? Physical activity as a predictor of a sense of meaning in life and of self-rated health and functioning in old age. J Aging Phys Activ, 2001; 9(2): 128-141.

Villeneuve PJ, Morrison HI, Craig CL. Physical activity, physical fitness and risk of dying. Epidemiology, 1998; 9(6): 626-631.

Zarotis GF, Katsagolis A, Mitrotasios M. Free time and its alteration tendencies, Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism, 2007; 14(2): 182.

Money.pl Available online at: ( http://www.money.pl/

Journal of Human Kinetics

The Journal of Academy of Physical Education in Katowice

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1,414
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1,858

CiteScore 2018: 1.60

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.644
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.941

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 122 101 9
PDF Downloads 57 54 6