Supplementary Low-Intensity Aerobic Training Improves Aerobic Capacity and Does Not Affect Psychomotor Performance in Professional Female Ballet Dancers

Open access

Supplementary Low-Intensity Aerobic Training Improves Aerobic Capacity and Does Not Affect Psychomotor Performance in Professional Female Ballet Dancers

We investigated whether 6-week low-intensity aerobic training program used as a supplement to regular dance practice might improve both the aerobic capacity and psychomotor performance in female ballet dancers. To assess their maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and anaerobic threshold (AT), the dancers performed a standard graded bicycle ergometer exercise test until volitional exhaustion prior to and after the supplementary training. At both these occasions, the psychomotor performance (assessed as multiple choice reaction time) and number of correct responses to audio-visual stimuli was assessed at rest and immediately after cessation of maximal intensity exercise. The supplementary low-intensity exercise training increased VO2max and markedly shifted AT toward higher absolute workload. Immediately after completion of the graded exercise to volitional exhaustion, the ballerinas' psychomotor performance remained at the pre-exercise (resting) level. Neither the resting nor the maximal multiple choice reaction time and accuracy of responses were affected by the supplementary aerobic training. The results of this study indicate that addition of low-intensity aerobic training to regular dance practice increases aerobic capacity of ballerinas with no loss of speed and accuracy of their psychomotor reaction.

Adam JJ, Paas FGWC, Buekers MJ, Wuyts IJ, Spijkers WAC, Wallmeyer P. Gender differences in choice reaction time: evidence for differential strategies. Ergonomics, 1999; 42(2): 327-335

Baldari C, Guidetti L. VO2max, ventilatory and anaerobic thresholds in rhythmic gymnasts and young female dancers. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2001; 41(2): 177-182

Beaver W, Wasserman K, Whipp BJ. Improved detection of lactate threshold during exercise using a log-log transformation. J Appl. Physiol, 1985; 59: 1936-1940

Brisswalter J, Collardeau M, Rene A. Effects of acute physical exercise characteristics on cognitive performance. Sports Med, 2002; 32(9): 555-566

Chmura J, Krzysztofiak H, Ziemba AW, Nazar K, Kaciuba-Uściłko H. Psychomotor performance during prolonged exercise above and below the blond lactate threshold. Eur J Appl Physiol, 1998; 77: 77-80

Chmura J, Nazar K. Parallel changes in the onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA) and threshold of psychomotor performance deterioration during incremental exercise after training in athletes. Int J Psychophysiol, 2010; 75(3): 287-290

Chmura J, Nazar K, Kaciuba-Uściłko H. Choice reaction time during graded exercise in relation to blood lactate and plasma catecholamine thresholds. Int J Sports Med, 1994; 15(4): 172-176

Cohen JL, Segal KR, Witriol I. Cardiorespiratory responses to ballet exercise and the V02max of elite ballet dancers. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1982; 14(3): 212-217

Dogan B. Multiple-choice reaction and visual perception in female and male elite athletes. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2009; 49(1): 91-96

Dwyer D, Browning J. Endurance training in Wistar rats decreases receptor sensitivity to a serotonin agonist. Acta Physiol Scand, 2000; 170(3): 211-216

Etnier JL, Nowell PM, Landers DM, Sibley BA. A meta-regression to examine the relationship between aerobic fitness and cognitive performance. Brain Res Rev, 2006; 30, 52 (1): 119-130

Guidetti L, Emerenziani G, P. Gallotta MCh, Baldari C. Effect of warm up on energy cost and energy sources of ballet dance exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2007; 99: 275-281

Guidetti L, Emerenziani GP, Gallotta MCh, Da Silva S G, Baldari C. Energy cost and energy sources of ballet dance exercise in female adolescent with different technical ability. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2008; 103: 315-321

Guizani SM, Tenenbaum G, Bouzaouach L, Kheder B, Peki Y, Bouaziz M. Information-processing under incremental level of physical loads: comparing racquet to combat sports. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2006; 46: 335-343

Guizani SM, Bouzaouach L, Tenenbaum G, Kheder AB, Peki Y, Bouaziz M. Simple and choice reaction times under varying levels of physical load in high skilled fencers. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2006; 46: 344-351

Hansen AL, Johnsen BH, Sollers JJ, Sienvik K, Thayer JF. Heart rate variability and its relation to prefrontal cognitive function: the effects of training and detraining. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2004; 93(3): 263-272

Hoffman JR, Epstein S, Einbinder M, Weinstein Y. The influence of aerobic capacity on anaerobic performance and recovery indices in basketball players. J Strength Cond Res, 1997; 13: 407-11

Kashihara K, Maruyama T, Murota M, Nakahara Y. Positive effects of acute and moderate physical exercise on cognitive function. J Physiol Anthropol, 2009: 28(4): 155-164

Koutedakis Y, Hukam H, Metsios G, Nevill A, Giakas G, Jamuratas A, Myszkewycz L. The effects of three months of aerobic and strength training on selected performance and fitness-related parameters in modern dance students. J Strength Cond Res. 2007, 21(3): 808-812

Koutedakis Y, Jamurtas A. The dancer as a performing athlete: physiological considerations. Sports Med, 2004; 34(10): 651-661

Koutedakis Y, Myszkewycz L, Soulas D, Papapostlolou V, Sullivan I, Sharp NCC. The effects of rest and subsequent training on selected physiological parameters in professional female classical dancers. Int J Sports Med, 1999; 20: 379-383

Langfort J, Barańczuk E, Pawlak D, Chilimoniuk M, Kukacova N, Marsala J, Górski J. The effect of endurance training on regional serotonin metabolism in the brain during early stage of detraining period in the female rat. Cell Mol Neurobiol, 2006; 26(7-8): 1327-1342

Lemmink KA, Visscher C. Effect of intermittent exercise on multiple-choice reaction times of soccer players. Percept Mol Skills, 2005; 100(1): 85-95

Masley S, Roetzheim R, Gualtieri T. Aerobic exercise enhances cognitive flexibility. J Clin Psychol Med Settings, 2009; 18 (1): 186-193

Rafferty S. Considerations for integrating fitness into dance training. J Dance Med Sci, 2010; 14(2): 45-49

Ryan JP, PhD, Thomas M, Atkinson BA, Dunham KT, PhD. Sports-related and gender differences on neuropsychological measures of frontal lobe functioning. Clin J Sport Med, 2004; 14: 18-24

Schantz PG, Astrand P-O. Physiological characteristics of classical ballet. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1984; 16: 472-476

Tomporowski PD, Ellis NR. Effects of exercise on cognitive process: a review. Psychol Bull, 1986; 99: 338-346

Twitchett EA, Koutedakis Y, Wyon MA. Physiological fitness and professional classical ballet performance: a brief review. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23(9): 2732-2740

Wyon M. Cardiorespiratory training for dancers. J Dance Med Sci, 2005; 9(1): 7-12

Wyon M, Abt G, Redding E, Head A, Sharp NCC. Oxygen uptake during modern dance class, rehearsal, and performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2004; 18(3): 646-649

Wyon M, Deighan M.A, Nevill AM, Doherty M, Morrison S, Allen N, Jobson SJ, George S. The cardiorespiratory, anthropometric and performance characteristics of an international touring ballet company. J Strength Cond Res, 2007; 21(2): 389-393

Yannakoulia M, Kerampoulos A, Ysakalakos N, Matalas AL. Body composition in dancers: the bioelectrical impedance method. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2000; 32: 228-234

Journal of Human Kinetics

The Journal of Academy of Physical Education in Katowice

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.174
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.634

CiteScore 2017: 1.31

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.516
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.906

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 189 189 14
PDF Downloads 53 53 4