Actions with the Ball that Determine the Effectiveness of Play in Women's Football
Various actions with the ball performed by players during football matches encourage continuous research on game observation to be carried out. It is of special significance in providing information about players and their contribution to the effort of the whole team. Both quantitative and qualitative records enable transformation of the information obtained into data supporting training tasks. In the opinion of the authors, the determination of a winning team is affected to the greatest extent by qualitative factors in the form of coefficients of accuracy and efficiency of particular actions with the ball. A hypothesis was advanced in the study that in women's football there are ball actions whose quality of execution affects winning a match, and that there exists a specific ranking of their significance. Analyses were conducted for nearly 18,000 actions performed with the ball by 130 players, competitors in the European Women's Football Championship in 2005. Statistical tests applied in the study enabled differences between teams of winners and losers to be defined, whereas the analysis of a discriminant function indicated which qualitative factors were the most significant and had the greatest impact on winning a match. A specific hierarchy of the significance of those activities was also elaborated in the study. The most significant activities that affected the victory were: 1×1 play in defense, 1×1 play in offense, accuracy of passes and effective execution of dead-ball situations.
Barros RML, Misuta MS, Menezes RP, Figueroa PJ, Moura FA, Cunha SA, Anido R, Leite NJ. Analysis of the distances covered by First Division Brazilian soccer players obtained with an automatic tracking method. J Sport Sci Med, 2007; 66: 233-242
Bauer G. Erkenntisse der EM 1996 - Rückschlusse für Training und Spiel. Fussballtraining, 1996; 11/12: 57-61
Bergier J. The structure of the game in the final women's football match during the Olympic Games - Atlanta'96 (In:) Woman and Sport: The Thirteenth International Congress of the International Association of Physical Education and Sport for Girls and Women, University School of Physical Education. (Ed.) Z. Wyżnikiewicz - Kopp. AWFiS, Gdansk, 1997; 180-186
Bergier J. Searching for Determinants of Playing Effectiveness in Soccer. Physical Education an Sport. Academy of Physical Education in Warsaw. 1998.
Bergier J, Buraczewski T. Symmetry of shots as an indication of coordinating abilities at the U-19 Women's Football World Cup (In:) Coordination of motor abilities in scientific research. (Ed.) J. Sadowski. Faculty of Physical Education. Biala Podlaska, 2005; 150-156
Bergier J, Soroka A, Buraczewski T. Analysis of actions ending in shots at goal in the Women's European Football Championship (England 2005). (In:) Science and Football VI. The Proceedings of the Sixth World Congress on Science and Football (Ed.) T. Reilly and F. Korkusuz, Taylor& Francis Group, London and New York, 2008; 152-154
Bonekat HW, Dombowy ML, Staats BA. Progesterone - induced changes in exercise performance and rentilatony response. J Sport Sci, 1987; 12: 534-538
Davis JA, and Brewer J. Physiological characteristics of an international female soccer squad. J Sport Sci, 1992; 10: 142-143
Davis JA, Brewer J. Applied physiology of female soccer players. Sports Med., 1993; 16: 180-189
Di Salvo V, Baron R, Tschan H, Calderon Montero FJ, Bachl N, Pigozzi F. Performance characteristics according to playing position in elite soccer. Int J Sport Med, 2007; 228: 222-227
Dufor W. Computer - assisted scouting in soccer. (In:) Science and Football II. (Ed.) T. Reilly, J. Clarys and A. Stribbe. EFN SPON, London, 1993; 160 - 168.
Faude O, Junge A, Kindermann W, Dvorak J. Injuries in female soccer players: A prospective study in the German National. Am J Sport Med, 2005; 33: 1694-1700
Fozooni B. Iranian women and football. Cult Stud, 2008; 22: 114-133
Gerisch G, Reichelt M. Erhebungstechniken und praktische Anwendung der computer - und videogestutzen Spielanalyse im Fussball, in Weber K., Kollath E., Schmidt G. J. (Ed.) Video und Computer im Leistungssport der Sportspiele. Sport und Buch Strauss, Cologne, 1993; 145 - 161.
Grant A, Reilly T, Williams M, Borrie A. Analysis of the goals scored in the 1998 World Cup. Insight, 1998; 2: 17-20
Helgerud J, Engen LC, Wisløff U, Hoff J. Aerobic endurance training improves soccer performance. Med Sci Sport Exer, 2001; 33: 1925-1931
Hewitt A, Withers R, Lyons K. Match analyses of Australian international women soccer players using an athlete tracking device. (In:) Science and Football VI. The Proceedings of the Sixth World Congress on Science and Football (Ed.) T. Reilly and F. Korkusuz, Taylor& Francis Group, London and New York, 2007; 224 - 228.
Yamanaka K, Hughes M, Lott M. An analysis of playing patters in the 1990 World Cup for association football. (In:) Science and Football II (Ed.) T. Reilly, J. Clarys, A. Stribbe, EFN SPON, London, 1993; 206-214
Junge A, Langevoort G, Pipe A, Peytavin A, Fook W, Mountjoy M, Beltrami G, Terrell R, Holzgraefe M, Charles R, Dvorak J. Injuries in Team Sport Tournaments During the 2004 Olympic Games, A. J Sports Med, 2006; 33: 565-576
Junge A, Dvorak J. Injuries in female football players in top-level international tournaments. Brit J Sport Med, 2007; 41: 3-7
Konstadinidou X, Tsigilis N. Offensive playing profiles of football teams from the 1999 Women's World Finals. Int J Per An Sport International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 2005; 5/1: 61-71
Krustrup P, Mohr M, Ellingsgaard H, Bangsbo J. Physical demands during an elite female soccer game: importance of training status. Med Sci Sport Exer, 2005; 37: 1242-1248
Krustrup P, Andersson H, Mohr M, Bredsgaard M, Jensen M, Zebis M, Kirkendal D, Bangsbo J. Match activities and fatigue development of elite female soccer players at different levels of competition. (In:) Science and Football VI. The Proceedings of the Sixth World Congress on Science and Football (Ed.) T. Reilly and F. Korkusuz, Taylor & Francis Group, London and New York, 2008; 205-211
Loy R. Wohin steuert der Fuβball? Fussballtraining, 1994; 10: 1-24.
Loy R. Systematische Spielbeobachtung im Fussball. Leistungssport, 1995; 3: 15-20
Loy R. Was fordert das Spiel von einem Mittelfeldspieler? Fussballtraining, 1998; 9: 4-9
Luhtanen P, Korhonen V, Ilkki A. A new notational analysis system with special reference to the comparison of Basil and its opponents in the World Cup 1994. (In:) Science and Football III, (Ed.) T. Reilly, J. Bangsbo, M. Hughes, EFN SPON, London, 1997; 229-232
Luhtanen P, Häyrinen M, Väntinen T. A computer-aided team analysis of the World Cup France'398 in soccer. Wychowanie Fizyczne i Sport (suppl.), 1999; 172-176
McKay L, Shephard RJ. Standardized Tests for Canadian Soccer Players. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Soccer Association, 1988.
Miles A, Mac Laren D, Reilly T, Yamanaka K. An analysis of physiological strain in four-a-side women's soccer. (In:) Science and Football U (Ed.) T. Reilly, J. Clarys and A. Stibbe, E & F N Spon, London. 1993.
Milijkovic Z, Jerovic S, Simenc Z. Evaluation of a model of monitoring individual and team performance during attack in a competitive soccer game. Kinesiology, 2002; 1: 73-85
Mohr M, Krustrup P, Kirkendall D, Bangsbo J. Differences in physical match performance at two levels in female soccer. J Sport Sci Med. 2007; Suppl. 10: 108-109
Reilly T, Bangsbo J, Franks A. Anthropometric and physiological predispositions for elite soccer. J Sport Sci, 2000; 18: 669-683
Rhodes EC, Mosher RE. Aerobic and anaerobic characteristics of elite female university soccer players. J Sports Sci, 1992; 10: 143 - 144.
Scott D, Drust B. Work - rate analysis of elite female soccer players during match-play. J Sport Sci Med. 2007; Suppl. 10: 107 - 108.
Starosta W. Symmetry and asymmetry in shooting demonstrated by elite soccer players. (In:) Science and Football, I, (Ed.) T. Reilly London, New York, 1988; 346-355
Starosta W, Bergier J. Pattern of a sport technique in football based on the symmetry of movement. (In:) Science and Football, II, (Ed.) T. Reilly London, Spon, 1992; 265-271
Tscholl P, 0'Riordan D, Fuller CW, Dvorak J, Gutzwiller F, Junge A. Causation of injuries in female football players in top-level tournaments. Brit J Sport Med, 2007; 41: 8-14
Tumilty DMcA, Darby S. Physiological characteristics of Australian female soccer players. J Sport Sci, 1992; 10: 145.
Wells C, Reilly T. Influence of playing position on fitness and performance measures in female soccer players. (In:) Science und Soccer IV. (Ed.) W. Spinks, T. Reilly, A. Murphy, Taylor & Francis Group London and New York, 2002; 369-373
Wrzos J. Developmental Tendencies in Offensive Play Teaches in Worlds Top Teams. Soccer - The International Training Guide. 1991.