Endoparasitoses of fallow deer (Dama dama) in game-park in South Moravia (Czech Republic)

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Abstract

During the years 2002–2008 endoparasitoses of fallow deer Dama dama were monitored in White Carpathians (Czech Republic). Samples of excrements were tested by flotation and Baermann method and occasionally grallochs were dissected in order to detect gastrointestinal nematods (GIN) and lungworms (LW). In the same time we cooperated with gamekeepers, who carried out several differently successful measurements to lower the endoparasites’ prevalence. These measurements included pasture management, shooting management, additional-feeding management and drug treatment, all during the whole period of monitoring. Prevalence of endoparasites had descending trend, while intensity of infection had ascending trend. Total maximal prevalence (GIN+LW) in herd was 60 % (2004), in 2008, it fell down to 20 %. Annual dynamic of parasites was always highest in autumn months. Spectrum of detected parasites consisted only of species of the order Strongylida. Monitoring proved, that breeding management strategy can significantly influence parasitocenoses and help animals to regain health.

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