Population genetic structure and genetic diversity study in Lallemantia royleana (Benth.) Benth.: identification of potential gene pools in Iran

Open access

Abstract

Lallemantia royleana (Benth.) Benth. (Family Lamiaceae), is one of the most popular medicinal plants in Iran. It is an herbaceous pant that is commonly known as “Lady mantle”. The vernacular name of Lallemantia royleana’s seed is Balangu or Balangu Shirazi that is used as a source of medicine. Medicinal plants are very important from economic point of view in Iran and several large industries are focused on medicinal plants cultivation, extraction and export. Therefore, providing data on the biology of these plants is important for the country. Lallemantia royleana grows in different parts of Iran and forms several local populations. Genetic, morphological and biochemical divergence of geographical populations are well known in plant species. We have no report on population genetic structure, genetic fragmentation, local adaptation and gen flow of Lallemantia royleana populations in the country. Therefore, the present population genetics investigation was programmed to produce data on above said questions. Randomly collected plants of 7 geographical regions were studied by ISSR molecular markers. This information can be used in hybridization and gene conservation of this medicinal plant in Iran.

Azizi, N., Sheidai, M., Mozafarian, V. & Noormohammadi, Z. 2014: Genetic, cytogenetic and morphological diversity in Helicrysum leucocephalum (Asteraceae) populations. Biologia 69: 566–573

Çalişkan, M. 2012: Genetic Diversity in Plants Edited by, ISBN 978-953-51-0185-7, 510 pages, Publisher, In: Tech, Chapters published under CC BY 3.0 license.

Cao Shu, B. (Eds.) 1994: Lallemantia L., Flora of China, Lamiaceae. 17: 133–134.

Chen, X.Y. 2000: Effects of fragmentation on genetic structure of plant populations and implications for the biodiversity conservation. Acta Ecologica Sinica 20: 884–892.

Di, X.Y., Liu K.W., Hou S.Q., Ji, P.L. & Wang, Y. 2014: Genetic variation of hazel (Carylusheterophylla) populations at different altitudes in Xingtagsi forest park in Huoshan, Shanxi, China. Plant omics journal 7: 213–220.

Ellis, J.R. & Burke, J.M. 2007: EST-SSRs as a resource for population genetic analyses. Heredity 99:125–132.

Freeland, J.R., Kirk, H. & Peterson, S.D. 2011: Molecular Ecology. Wiley-Blackwell, U.K. (2nd Edition), 449.

Frichot, E., Schoville, S.D., Bouchard, G. & Francois, O. 2013: Testing for associations between loci and environmental gradients using latent factor mixed models. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 1687–1699.

Hammer, Ø., Harper, D.A.T. & Ryan, P.D. 2012: PAST: Paleontological Statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica 4: 9.

Hedrick, P.W. 2005: A standardized genetic differentiation measure. Evolution 59:1633–1638.

Hou, Y. & Lou, A. 2011: Population Genetic Diversity and Structure of a Naturally Isolated Plant Species, Rhodiola dumulosa (Crassulaceae). PLoS ONE6, e24497.

Huson, D.H. & Bryant, D. 2006: Application of Phylogenetic Networks in Evolutionary Studies. Molecular Biology and Evolution 23: 254–267.

Meirmans, P.G. 2012: AMOVA-based clustering of population genetic data. Journal Heredity 103: 744–750.

Meirmans, P.G. & Van Tienderen, P.H. 2004: GENOTYPE and GENODIVE: two programs for the analysis of genetic diversity of asexual organisms. Molecular Ecology Notes 4: 792–794.

Minaeifar, A.A., Sheidai, M., Attar, F., Noormohammadi, Z. & Ghasemzadeh-Baraki B. 2015: Genetic and morphological diversity in Cousinia tabrisiana (Asteraceae) populations. Biologia 70: 328–338.

Murry, M.G. & Tompson, W.F.1980: Rapid isolation of high molecular weight plant DNA. Nucleic Acid Resear 8: 4321–4325.

Naghibi, F., Mosaddegh, M., Motamed, Ms. & Ghorbani, A. 2005: Labiatae family in folk medicine in Iran from ethnobotany to pharmacology. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 2: 63–79.

Noormohammadi, Z., Shafaf, T., Farahani, F., Sheidai, M., Talebi, S.M. & Hasheminejad-Ahangarani-Farahani, Y. 2015: Within and among genetic variation in Asia flax Linum austriacum (Linaceae) in response to latitude change. Cytogenetic and molecular analyses 16: 145–150.

Ohsawa, T., Tsuda, Y., Saito, Y., Sawada, H. & Ide, Y. 2007: Altitudinal Genetic Diversity and Differentiation of Quercus crispula in the Chichibu Mountains, Central Japan. International Journal of Plant Sciences 168: 333–340

Ohsawa, T. & Ide Y. 2008: Global patterns of genetic variation in plant species along vertical and horizontal gradients on mountains. Global Ecol. Biogeog 17: 152–163.

Peakall, R. & Smouse, P.E. 2006: GENALEX 6: genetic analysis in Excel. Population genetic software for teaching and research. Molecular Ecology Notes 6: 288–295.

Podani, J. 2000: Introduction to the Exploration of Multivariate Data, Leide, Netherlands, Backhuyes,

Setsuko, S., Ishida, K., Ueno, S., Tsu Mura, Y. & Tomaru, N. 2007: Population differentiation and gene flow within a metapopulation of a threatened tree, Magnolia stellata (Magnoliaceae). American Journal of Botany 94: 128–136.

Sheidai, M., Zanganeh, S., Haji-Ramezanali, R., Nouroozi, M., Noormohammadi, Z. & Ghsemzadeh-Baraki, S. 2013: Genetic diversity and population structure in four Cirsium (Asteraceae) species. Biologia 68: 384–397.

Sheidai, M., Ziaee, S., Farahani, F., Talebi, S.M., Noormohammadi, Z. & Hasheminejad-Ahangarani Farahani, Y. 2014: Infra-specific genetic and morphological diversity in Linum album (Linaceae). Biologia 69: 32–39.

Sheidai, M., Seif, E., Nouroozi, M. & Noormohammadi, Z. 2012: Cytogenetic and molecular diversity of Cirsium arvense (Asteraceae) populations in Iran. Journal of Japanese Botany 87: 193–205.

Slatkin, M. 1993: Isolation by distance in equilibrium and non-equilibrium populations. Evolution 47: 264–279.

Taberlet, P., Fumagalli, L. & Wust-Saucy, A.G. 1998: Comparative phylogegraphy and postgavial colonization routes in Europe. Molecular Ecology 7: 453–464.

Waples, R.S. 1998: Separating the wheat from the chaff patterns of genetic differentiation in high gene flow species. The American Genetic Association 89: 438–450.

Weising, K., Nybom, H., Wolff, K. & Kahl, G. 2005: DNA Fingerprinting in Plants. In: Boca Rayton, F.l. (eds.), Principles, Methods, and ApplicationsCRC Press, USA, 4pp. 72.

Hacquetia

The Journal of Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Scientific Research Centre, Institute of Biology

Journal Information


CiteScore 2018: 1.28

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.344
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.971

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 4371 4371 134
PDF Downloads 146 146 19