Quaternary evolution of the Southern Apennines coastal plains: a review

Open access


The Quaternary evolution of the main coastal basins located along the southwestern margin of the Southern Apennines has been reconstructed by integrating the huge amount of existing stratigraphical and geomorphological data. The information produced in the last twenty years has shed new light on the recent (late Middle Pleistocene to Present) history of the Campanian and Sele plains or basins. During the early Quaternary, the analysed coastal basins originated as half-grabens in response to opening processes active since the late Tortonian in the southern Tyrrhenian back-arc basin. In some of these basins (e.g. the Campanian Plain), volcanism has also played an important role. In the inner sectors of the coastal basins, the complex interplay between block faulting, sedimentary inputs and glacioeustatic fluctuations gave rise to relative sea-level change and related coastline migrations, leading to the formation of the present-day coastal plains. In the Sele Plain basin, the construction of the present-day landscape mainly resulted from the substantial ceasing of subsidence in the final part of the Middle Pleistocene. Conversely, a strong contribution to the recent evolution of the Campanian Plain has been provided by abundant volcaniclastic aggradation, able to hinder the effect of the vertical motions that occurred in the last 100 ka.

Acocella V. & Funiciello R. 2006: Transverse systems along the extensional Tyrrhenian margin of central Italy and their influence on volcanism. Tectonics 25, 1–24.

Amato A., Ascione A., Cinque A. & Lama A. 1991: Morphoevolution, sedimentation and tectonics of high Sele Plain and its tributary valleys. Geogr. Fis. Dinam. Quat. 14, 1, 5–16 (in Italian with English abstract).

Amato V., Avagliano G., Cinque A., Cipriani M., Di Paola G., Pontrandolfo A., Rosskopf M.C. & Santoriello A. 2009: Geomorphology and geoarcheology of the area of Paestum: modifications of the physical environment in historical times. Méditerranée 112, 129–135.

Amato V., Aucelli P., Ciampo G., Cinque A., Di Donato V., Pappone G., Petrosino P., Romano P., Rosskopf C.M. & Russo Ermolli E. 2013: Relative sea level changes and paleogeographical evolution of the southern Sele Plain (Italy) during the Holocene. Quat. Int. 288, 112–128.

Amorosi A. & Milli S. 2001: Late Quaternary depositional architecture of Po and Tevere river deltas (Italy) and worldwide comparison with coeval deltaic succession. Sed. Geol. 144, 357–375.

Amorosi A., Colalongo M.L., Fusco F., Pasini G. & Fiorini F. 1999a: Glacio-eustatic control of continental-shallow marine cyclicity from Late Quaternary deposits of the south-eastern Po Plain (Northern Italy). Quat. Res. 52, 1–13.

Amorosi A., Colalongo M.L., Fusco F., Pasini G. & Preti D. 1999b: Sedimentary response to late Quaternary sea level changes in the Romagna coastal plain (northern Italy). Sedimentology 46, 99–121.

Amorosi A., Colalongo M.L., Fiorini F., Fusco F., Pasini G., Vaiani S.C. & Sarti G. 2004: Palaeogeographic and palaeoclimatic evolution of the Po Plain from 150-ky core records. Global Planet. Change 40, 55–78.

Amorosi A., Pacifico A., Rossi V. & Ruberti D. 2012: Late Quaternary incision and deposition in an active volcanic setting: The Volturno valley fill, southern Italy. Sed. Geol. 282, 307–320.

Amorosi A., Molisso F., Pacifico A., Rossi V., Ruberti D., Sacchi M. & Vigliotti M. 2013: The Holocene evolution of the Volturno River coastal plain (southern Italy). J. Medit. Earth Sci., Spec. Iss. 7–11.

Antonioli F., Dai Prà G. & Hearty P.J. 1988: The quaternary sediments along the costal stretch of the Fondi Plain (southern Latium). Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital. 107, 491–501 (in Italian with English abstract).

Aprile F. & Ortolani F. 1978: New data on the deep structure of the Campanian Plain. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital. 97, 591–608.

Aprile F. & Toccaceli R.M. 2002: New knowledge about stratigraphy and the distribution of Quaternary ignimbrite deposits in the subsurface of the Sarno Plain (Salerno-Campania, Southern Italy). Il Quaternario 15, 2, 169–174 (in Italian with English abstract).

Aprile F., Toccaceli R.M. & Sbrana A. 2004: The role of pyroclastic deposits in the chronostratigraphic analysis of the Quaternary terrains in the subsoil of the Campanian Plain (Southern Italy). Ital. J. Quat. Sci. 17, 547–554 (in Italian with English abstract).

Argnani A., Bortoluzzi G., Bozzani A., Canepa A., Ligi M., Palumbo V., Serracca P. & Trincardi F. 1989: Sedimentary dynamics on the Eastern Tyrrhenian Margin, Italy. PS/87 Cruise report. Giorn. Geol. 51, s. III, 1, 165–178.

Ascione A. & Romano P. 1999: Vertical movements on the eastern margin of the Tyrrhenian extensional basin. New data from Mt. Bulgheria (Southern Apennines, Italy). Tectonophysics 315, 337–356.

Ascione A., Caiazzo C., Hippolyte J.C. & Romano P. 1997: Pliocene–Quaternary extensional tectonics and morphogenesis at the eastern margin of the southern Tyrrhenian basin (Mt. Bulgheria, Campania region, Italy). Il Quaternario 10, 2, 571–578.

Ascione A., Mazzoli S., Petrosino P. & Valente E. 2013: A decoupled kinematic model for active normal faults: Insights from the 1980, MS=6.9 Irpinia earthquake, southern Italy. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 125, 7–8, 1239–1259.

Aucelli P.P.C., Amato V., Budillon F., Senatore M.R., Amodio S., D’Amico C., Da Prato S., Ferraro L., Pappone G. & Russo Ermolli E. 2012: Evolution of the Sele river coastal plain (Southern Italy) during the Late Quaternary by inland and offshore stratigraphical data. Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei 23, 81–102.

Balducci S., Vaselli M. & Verdini G. 1983: Exploration well in Ottaviano permit, Italy, Trecase 1. European Geothermal Update 3rd Int. Sem., Munich 29 Nov–Dec., 407–418.

Barattolo F., Cinque A., D’Alessandro E., Guida M., Romano P. & Russo Ermolli E. 1992: Geomorphology and quaternari tectonic evolution of Capri Island. Studi Geol. Camerti Vol. Spec. 1992, 1, 221–229 (in Italian with English abstract).

Barberi F., Innocenti F., Lirer L., Munno R., Pescatore T. & Santacroce R. 1978: The Campania Ignimbrite: a major prehistoric eruption in the neapolitan area (Italy). Bull. Volcanol. 41, 1, 1–22.

Barra D., Bonaduce G., Brancaccio L., Cinque A., Ortolani F., Pagliuca S. & Russo F. 1989: Holocene geological evolution of Sarno river coastal plain (Campania). Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital. 42, 255–267 (in Italian with English abstract).

Barra D., Cinque A., Gewelt M. & Hurtgen C. 1991: The warm species Sylvestra Seminis (Bonaduce, Masoli e Pugliese, 1976) (Crustacea, Ostracoda): a potential marker of Last Interglacial in the mediterranean area. Il Quaternario 4, 2, 327–332 (in Italian with English abstract).

Barra D., Romano P., Santo A., Campaiola L., Roca V. & Tuniz C. 1996: The Versilian transgression in the Volturno river plain (Campania, Southern Italy): Palaeoenvironmental history and chronological data. Il Quaternario 9, 2, 445–458.

Barra D., Calderoni G., Cinque A., De Vita P., Rosskopf C. & Russo Ermolli E. 1998: New data on the evolution of the Sele River coastal plain (Southern Italy) during the Holocene. Il Quaternario 11, 287–299.

Bartole R., Savelli D., Tramontana M. & Wezel F.C. 1984: Structural and sedimentary features in the Tyrrhenian margin off Campania. Southern Italy. Mar. Geol. 55, 2/2, 163–180.

Bellucci F. 1994: New stratigraphic knowledges on volcanic deposits in the underground of southern Campanian Plain. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital. 113, 395–420 (in Italian with English abstract).

Bellucci F. 1998: New stratigraphic knowledges on lavas and pyroclastic deposits in the underground of Somma–Vesuvius area. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital. 117, 385–405 (in Italian with English abstract).

Bernasconi A., Bruni P., Gorla L., Principe C. & Sbrana A. 1981: Preliminary results of deep geothermal exploration in the Somma–Vesuvius volcanic area. Rend. Soc. Geol. Ital. 4, 237–240 (in Italian with English abstract).

Bintanja R., van de Wal R.S.W. & Oerlemens J. 2005: Modelled atmospheric temperatures and global sea levels over the past million years. Nature 437, 125–128.

Brancaccio L., Cinque A., Belluomini G., Branca M. & Delitalia L. 1986: Isoleucine Epimerization dating and tectonic significante of Upper Pleistocene sea-level features of the Sele Plain (Southern Italy). Z. Geomorphol. N.F, Suppl. 62, 159–166.

Brancaccio L., Cinque A., D’angelo G., Russo F., Santangelo N. & Sgrosso I. 1987: Geomorphological and tectonic evolution of the Sele Plain (Campania, Southern Apennines). Geogr. Fis. Dinam. Quat. 10, 47–55 (in Italian with English abstract).

Brancaccio L., Cinque A., Romano P., Rosskopf C., Russo F., Santangelo N. & Santo A. 1991: Geomorphology and neotectonic evolution of a sector of the Tyrrhenian flank of the southern Apennines (region of Naples, Italy). Z. Geomorphol., Suppl. 82, 47–58.

Brancaccio L., Fiume G., Grimaldi M., Rapolla A. & Romano P. 1994: Gravimetric analysis in the low Solofrana river valley (Salerno) and considerations on its quaternary evolution. Il Quaternario 117, 2, 131–138 (in Italian with English abstract).

Brancaccio L., Cinque A., Romano P., Rosskopf C., Russo F. & Santangelo N. 1995: The evolution of Campania coastal plains : geomorpholy and neotectonics. Mem. Soc. Geogr. Ital. 53, 313–337 (in Italian with English abstract).

Brocchini D., Principe C., Castradori D., Laurenzi M.A. & Gorla L. 2001: Quaternary evolution of the southern sector of the Campania Plain and early Somma–Vesuvius activity: insights from the Trecase 1 well. Mineral. Petrol. 73, 67–91.

Bruno P.P.G., Cippitelli G. & Rapolla A. 1998: Seismic study of the Mesozoic carbonate basement around Mt. Somma–Vesuvius, Italy. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 84, 311–322.

Bruno P.P.G., Di Fiore V. & Ventura G. 2000: Seismic study of the ‘41st Parallel’ Fault System offshore the Campanian–Latial continental margin, Italy. Tectonophysics 324, 1, 37–55.

Budillon F., Pescatore T. & Senatore M.R. 1994: Upper Pleistocene–Holocene depositional cycles in the continental platform of Salerno Gulf (Southern Tyrrhenian sea). Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital. 113, 303–316 (in Italian with English abstract).

Caiazzo C., Ascione A. & Cinque A. 2006: Late Tertiary–Quaternary tectonics of the Southern Apennines (Italy): New evidences from the Tyrrhenian slope. Tectonophysics 421, 23–51.

Capaldi G., Cinque A. & Romano P. 1988: Morphoevolutive sequneces reconstruction in the Picentini Mounts (Campania, southern Italy). Suppl. Geogr. Fis. Dinam. Quat. 1, 207–222 (in Italian with English abstract).

Caputo R. 2007. Sea-level curves: Perplexities of an end-user in morphotectonic applications. Global Planet. Change 57, 417–423.

Casciello E., Cesarano M. & Pappone G. 2006: Extensional detachment faulting on the tyrrhenian margin of the Southern Apennines contractional belt (Italy). J. Geol. Soc. London 163, 4, 617–629.

Cello G. & Mazzoli S. 1999: Apennine tectonics in southern Italy: a review. J. Geodyn. 27, 191–211.

Channel J.E.T., D’Argenio B. & Horvath F. 1979: Adria, the african promontory in Mesozoic Mediterranean paleogeography. Earth-Sci. Rev. 15, 213–292.

Ciaranfi N., Pieri P. & Ricchetti G. 1992: Explanations to the Geological maps of Puglie and Salento (centre-southern Puglia). Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital. 41, 449–460 (in Italian with English abstract).

Cinque A. 1991: The versilian transgression in the Sarno River plain (Campania). Geogr. Fis. Dinam. Quat. 14, 63–71 (in Italian with English abstract).

Cinque A. & Romano P. 1990: New evidences for ancient shorelines in the Sorrento Peninsula (Campania). Geogr. Fis. Dinam. Quat. 13, 1, 23–36 (in Italian with English abstract).

Cinque A. & Irollo G. 2004: The “Pompei” volcano. New geomorphological and stratigraphical data. Ital. J. Quat. Sci. 17, 1, 101–116 (in Italian with English abstract).

Cinque A., Guida F., Russo F. & Santangelo N. 1988: Chronological and stratigraphical data on some continental deposits in the Sele Plan: the Eboli Conglomerates. Geogr. Fis. Dinam. Quat. 11, 1, 39–44 (in Italian with English abstract).

Cinque A., Patacca E., Scandone P. & Tozzi M. 1993: Quaternary kinematic evolution of the Southern Apennines. Relationships between surface geological features and deep lithospheric structures. Ann. Geofis. 36, 2, 249–259.

Cinque A., Romano P., Rosskopf C., Santangelo N. & Santo A. 1994: Coastal morphologies and quaternari deposits between Agropoli and Ogliastro Marina (Cilento, southern Italy). Il Quaternario 7, 1, 3–16 (in Italian with English abstract).

Cinque A., Ascione A. & Caiazzo C. 2000: Spatial and temporal distribution of Quaternary faultings in the Southern Apppenines. In: Galadini F., Meletti C. & Rebez A. (Eds.): Le ricerche del GNDT nel campo della pericolosità sismica. CNR — Gruppo Nazionale per la Difesa dai Terremoti, Roma (in Italian with English abstract).

Cinque A., Romano P., Boudillon F. & D’Argenio B. (Eds.) 2009: Explanatory Notes to Geological Map of Italy, scale 1:50,000 — Sheet 486 Foce del Sele. ISPRA Servizio Geologico d’Italia (in Italian with English abstract).

Corniello A. & Russo D. 1990: The middle Volturno river plain: hydrogeology and vulnerability. Atti I Convegno sulla gestione e protezione delle acque sotterranee, Modena, 20–22 settembre 1990, 131–148 (in Italian).

D’Erasmo G. 1931: Geological study of deep boreholes of Campania region. Boll. Soc. Nat. Napoli 43, 15–143 (in Italian with English abstract).

De Vivo B., Rolandi G., Gans P.B., Calvert A., Bohrson W.A., Spera F.J. & Belkin H.E. 2001: New constraints on the pyroclastic eruptive history of Campania volcanic Plain (Italy). Mineral. Petrol. 73, 47–65.

Deino A.L., Southon I., Terrasi F., Campajola L. & Orsi G. 1994: 14C and 40Ar/39Ar dating of the Campania Ignimbrite, Phlaegrean Fields, Italy. Abstract ICOG, Berkeley, 77.

Dewey J.F., Helman M.L., Turco E., Hutton D.H.W. & Knott S.D. 1989: Kinematics of the Western Mediterranean. In: Coward M.P., Dietrich D. & Park R.G. (Eds.): Alpine Tectonics. Geol. Soc. London, Spec. Publ. 45, 265–283.

Di Girolamo P. 1968: Petrography of Campanian tuffs: process of Piperno formation. Petrography, survey and nature of the tuff nearby Caserta. Rend. Acc. Sc. Fis. Mat. Napoli 35, 4, 329–394 (in Italian with English abstract).

Di Girolamo P., Rolandi G. & Stanzione D. 1973: The pomice eruption beneath the Campanian Ignimbrite. Period. Mineral. 42, 436–468 (in Italian with English abstract).

Di Girolamo P., Nardi G., Rolandi G. & Stanzione D. 1976: Occurrence of calc-alkaline two piroxenes andesites from deep boreholes in the Phlaegrean Fields. I) Petrographic and petrochemical data. Rend. Acc. Sc. Fis. Mat. Napoli 43, 4, 250–255.

Di Girolamo P., Ghiara M.R., Lirer L., Munno R., Rolandi G. & Stanzione D. 1984: Volcanology and petrology of Phlaegrean Fields. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital. 103, 349–413 (in Italian with English abstract).

Di Renzo V., Di Vito M.A., Arienzo I., Carandente A., Civetta L., D’Antonio M., Giordano F., Orsi G. & Tonarini S. 2007: Magmatic history of Somma–Vesuvius on the basis of new geochemical and isotopic data from a deep borehole (Camaldoli della Torre). J. Petrol. 48, 4, 753–784.

Di Vito M., Sulpizio R., Zanchetta G. & Calderoni G. 1998: The geology of the South Western Slopes of Somma–Vesuvius, Italy as inferred by borehole stratigraphies and cores. Acta Vulcanol. 10, 2, 383–393.

Doglioni C., Innocenti F., Morellato C., Procaccianti D. & Scrocca D. 2004: On the Tyrrhenian sea opening. Mem. Descr. Carta Geol. Ital. 64, 147–164.

Elter P., Giglia G., Tongiorgi M. & Trevisan L. 1975: Tensional and compressional areas in the recent (Tortonian to Present) evolution of North Apennines. Boll. Geofis. Teor. Appl. 17, 3–18.

Florio G., Fedi M., Cella F. & Rapolla A. 1999: The Campanian Plain and Phlegrean Fields: structural setting from potential field data. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 91, 2, 361–379.

Follieri M., Magri D. & Sadori L. 1986: Late Pleistocene Zelkova extinction in Central Italy. New Phytol. 103, 269–273.

Giaccio B., Isaia R., Fedele F.G., Di Canzio E., Hoffecker J., Ronchitelli A., Sinitsyng A.A., Anikovichg M., Lisitsyng S.N. & Popov V.V. 2008: The Campanian Ignimbrite and Codola tephra layers: two temporal/stratigraphic markers for the Early Upper Palaeolithic in southern Italy and eastern Europe. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 177, 1, 208–226.

Gillot P.Y., Chiesa S., Pasquaré G. & Vezzoli L. 1982: <33,000 yr K/Ar dating of the volcanotectonic horst of the Isle of Ischia, Gulf of Naples. Nature 299, 242–245.

Hippolyte J.C. 2001: Paleostress and neotectonic analysis of sheared conglomerates: Southwest Alps and Southern Apennines. J. Struct. Geol. 23, 421–429.

Hippolyte J.C., Angelier J. & Roure F. 1994: A major geodynamic change revealed by Quaternary stress pattern in the Southern Apennines. Tectonophysics 230, 199–210.

Hippolyte J.C., Angelier J. & Barrier E. 1995: Compressional and extensional tectonics in an arc system: example of the Southern Apennines. J. Struct. Geol. 17, 12, 1725–1740.

Iannace A., Romano P. & Tuccimei P. 2003: U/Th dating and geochemistry of carbonate concretions associated with Upper Pleistocene fossil shorelines on the Sorrento Peninsula (Conca dei Marini, southern Italy). Il Quaternario 16, 1bis, 49–54.

Ippolito F., Ortolani F. & Russo M. 1973: Tirrhenyan marginal structure of Campania Apennines: re-interpretation of old hydrocarbons researches. Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital. 12, 227–250 (in Italian with English abstract).

Irollo G., Ascione A. & Cinque A. 2005: Holocene tectonic activity along two fault zones in the Gulf of Napoli. Atti 24° Convegno Nazionale GNGTS, Roma 15–17 nov. 2005, 17–21 (in Italian).

Keller J., Ryan W.B.F., Ninkovich D. & Altherr R. 1978: Explosive volcanic activity in the Mediterranean over the past 200,000 years as recorded in deep-sea sediments. Geol. Soc Am. Bull. 89, 591–604.

Kent D.V., Rio D., Massari F., Kukla G. & Lanci L. 2002: Emergence of Venice during the Pleistocene. Quat. Sci. Rev. 21, 1719–1727.

ISPRA 2015: Geological maps. http://sgi.isprambiente.it/geoportal/catalog/sgilink/sgilink.page (accessed December 2015).

Locardi E., Lombardi G., Funiciello R. & Parotto M. 1976: The main volcanic group of Lazio (Italy): relations between structural evolution and petrogenesis. Geol. Romana 15, 279–300.

Malinverno A. & Ryan W.B. 1986: Extension in the Tyrrhenian Sea and shortening in the Apennines as result of arc migration driven by sinking of the lithosphere. Tectonics 5, 2, 227–245.

Mariani M. & Prato R. 1988: Neogenic coastal basins of tirrhenyan margin: sismostratigraphic approach. Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital. 41, 519–531 (in Italian with English abstract).

Mazzoli S. & Helman M. 1994: Neogene patterns of relative plate motion for Africa–Europe: some implications for recent central Mediterranean tectonics. Geol. Rundschau 83, 464–468.

Milia A. 1998: Late quaternary pyroclastic units in the Gulf of Naples. Geogr. Fis. Din. Quat. 21, 147–153 (in Italian with English abstract).

Milia A. 2000: The Dohrn Canyon formation: a response to the eustatic fall and tectonic uplift of the outer shelf (Eastern Tyrrhenian Sea margin, Italy). Geo-Mar. Lett. 20, 101–108.

Milia A. & Torrente M.M. 1999: Tectonics and stratigraphic architecture of a peri-Tyrrhenian half-graben (Bay of Naples, Italy). Tectonophysics 315, 301–318.

Milia A. & Torrente M.M. 2015: Tectono-stratigraphic signature of a rapid multistage subsiding rift basin in the Tyrrhenian-Apennine hinge zone (Italy): A possible interaction of upper plate with subducting slab. J. Geodyn. 86, 42–60.

Milia A., Torrente M.M., Russo M. & Zuppetta A. 2003: Tectonics and crustal structure of the Campania continental margin: relationships with volcanism. Mineral. Petrol. 79, 33–47.

Milia A., Torrente M.M., Massa B. & Iannace P. 2013: Progressive changes in rifting directions in the Campania margin (Italy): New constrains for the Tyrrhenian Sea opening. Global Planet. Change 109, 3–17.

Milli S. 1997: Depositional setting and high-frequency sequence stratigraphy of the Middle–Upper Pleistocene to Holocene deposits of the Roman basin. Geol. Romana 33, 99–136.

Moussat E., Rehault J.P. & Fabbri A. 1986: Rifting et èvolution tectono-sèdimentaire du Bassin Tyrrhènien au cours du Neogene et du Quaternaire. Giorn. Geol. 48, 3, 1/2, 41–62.

Nisi M., Antonioli F., Dai Pra G., Leoni G. & Silenzi S. 2003: Coastal deformation between the Versilia and the Garigliano plains (Italy) since the last interglacial stage. J. Quat. Sci. 18, 709–721.

Pappone G., Casciello E., Cesarano M., D’Argenio B. & Conforti A. (Eds.) 2009: Explanotary Notes to the Geological Map of Italy, scale 1:50,000 — Sheet 467 Salerno. ISPRA Servizio Geologico d’Italia (in Italian with English abstract).

Patacca E., Sartori R. & Scandone P. 1990: Tyrrhenian basin and apenninic arcs kinematic relations since Late Tortonian times. Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital. 45, 425–451.

Pescatore T., Diplomatico G., Senatore M.R., Tramutoli M. & Mirabile L. 1984: Contributions to the study of Pozzuoli gulf. Mem Soc. Geol. Ital. 27, 133–149 (in Italian with English abstract).

Putignano M.L., Ruberti D., Tescione M. & Vigliotti M. 2007: Late Quaternary evolution of campanian Plain in the area surrounding Caserta (Southern Italy). Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital. 126, 1, 11–24 (in Italian with English abstract).

Radicati di Brozolo F., Di Girolamo P., Turi B. & Oddone M. 1988: 40Ar–39Ar and K–Ar dating of K rich rocks from the Roccamonfina Volcano, Roman Comagmatic Region, Italy. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 52, 1435–1441.

Ricci Lucchi F. 1986: Oligocene to recent foreland basins of northern Apennines: Foreland Basins. In: Allen Ph. & Homewood P. (Eds.): Int. Ass. Sedim. Spec. Publ. 8, 105–139.

Rolandi G., Bellucci F., Heizler M.T., Belkin H.E. & De Vivo B. 2003: Tectonic controls on the genesis of ignimbrites from the Campania volcanic zone, southern Italy. Mineral. Petrol. 79, 3–31.

Romano P., Santo A. & Voltaggio M. 1994: Geomorphological evolution of Volturno river plain during late Quaternary (Middle-Late Pleistocene–Holocene). Il Quaternario 7, 1, 41–56 (in Italian with English abstract).

Rosi M. & Sbrana A. 1987: Phlegrean Fields. Quaderni de “La Ricerca Scientifica”, CNR Roma 114, 9, 1–175.

Russo F. & Belluomini G. 1992: Outcrops of Tirrenian marine deposits along right side of Sele river (Campania, southern Italy). Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital. 111, 25–31 (in Italian with English abstract).

Sacchi M., Infuso S. & Marsella E. 1994: Late Pliocene–Early Pleistocene compressional tectonics in offshore Campania (eastern Tyrrhenian margin). Boll. Geof. Teor. Appl. 26, 141/144, 469–482.

Sacchi M., Molisso F., Pacifico A., Vigliotti M., Sabbarese C. & Ruberti, D. 2014: Late-Holocene to recent evolution of Lake Patria, South Italy: An example of a coastal lagoon within a Mediterranean delta system. Global Planet. Change 117, 9–27.

Santangelo N., Ciampo G., Di Donato V., Esposito P., Petrosino P., Romano P., Russo Ermolli E., Santo A., Toscano F. & Villa I. 2010: Late Quaternary buried lagoons in the northern Campania Plain (southern Italy): evolution of a coastal system under the influence of volcano-tectonics and eustatism. Ital. J. Geosci. 129, 1, 156–175.

Sartori R. 1990: The main results of ODP Leg 107 in the frame of Neogene to Recent geology of the PeriTyrrhenian areas. In: Kastens A. & Mascle K.J. et al. (Eds.): Proceedings of ODP, Scientific Results 107, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 715–730.

Sartori R. 2003: The Tyrrhenian backarc basin and subduction of the Ionian lithosphere. Episodes 26, 217–221.

Savelli C. & Schreider A.A. 1991: The opening processes in the deep Tyrrhenian basins of Marsili and Vavilov, as deduced from magnetic and chronological evidence of their igneous crust. Tectonophysics 190, 119–131.

Scandone P. 1979: Origin of the Tyrrhenian Sea and Calabrian Arc. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital. 98, 27–34.

Siddall M., Rohling E.J., Almogi-Labin A., Hemleben Ch., Melschner D., Schmelzer I. & Smeed, D.A. 2003. Sea-level fluctuations during the last glacial cycle. Nature 423, 853–858.

Turco E., Macchiavelli C., Mazzoli S., Schettino A. & Pierantoni P.P. 2012: Kinematic evolution of Alpine Corsica in the framework of Mediterranean mountain belts. Tectonophysics 579, 193–206.

ViDEPI 2009: Project Free data on oil exploration in Italy. © 2009–2010 Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico UNMIG, Società Geologica Italiana, Assomineraria. http://unmig.sviluppoeconomico.gov.it/videpi/. Acc. 20 November 2015.

Geologica Carpathica

The Journal of Geological Institute of Slovak Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.169
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.431

CiteScore 2017: 1.26

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.551
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.836

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 182 175 6
PDF Downloads 152 150 8