The influence of seed origin on stand variables of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) provenance trial in Ahunapalu

Open access

Seemnete päritolupiirkonna mõju hariliku männi (Pinus sylvestris L.) puistu takseerandmetele Ahunapalu geograafilises katsekultuuris

The aim of the present study is to analyse the influence of seed origin on the growth performance in Scots pine provenance trial at the age of 33 and 43 years. The provenance trial plantation with 18 provenances of Scots pine were established in Estonia, Järvselja Training and Experimental Forest District (58°19'47, 21"N. Lat. and 27°16'2, 79"E. Long) under the supervision of E. Pihelgas in 1965, using seeds from different regions of the former Soviet Union. The northernmost seeds were received from Arhangelsk province, Russia, (63° N. Lat.) and the southernmost seeds from Borjomi Forest Enterprise, Georgia, situated 800 m above sea level (42° N. Lat.). The westernmost seeds were from Latvia, Lithuania and Ukraine (23-24° E. Long.). Seeds of Estonian pine seedlings originated from the forest districts of Järvselja, Sõmeru, Vihula, Sagadi and Koorküla. Data used for above-mentioned study was collected during the years 1998 and 2008.

Statistical analysis was conducted using the software package R. The statistical analysis of the data obtained from provenance trials showed that under Estonian circumstances density, height and breast height diameter were stand variable which were depending on seed origin the most. The average survival percentage of progenies from southern provenances (with the northern latitude less than 52°) was lower than that in case of the progenies of the northern seed origin; a strong linear relationship was found between the stand breast height diameter and the northern latitude of seed provenance. The average breast height diameter of the stands from southern origin was larger than that of the stands from northern origin, whereas the plots of northern seed provenances had bigger survival percentage (density) than that of plots grown from southern seeds. Thus, the plots of northern seed origin had poorer conditions for diameter growth. The stands of northern seed provenance had slightly lower average height than that in the stands of southern seed origin.

Abraitis, R., Eriksson, G. 1996. Pinus sylvestris L. East European populations: growth and behaviour in one Lithuanian field trial. - Baltic Forestry, 2, 28-35.

Ahas, I. 1969. Hariliku männi geograafilised katsed EPA Järvselja Õppe-Katsemetsamajandis. (Scots pine provenance trials in Järvselja Experimental Forest Enteprise). Diplomitöö. (Diploma Thesis). (Käsikiri EMÜ Metsandus- ja maaehitusinstituudi metsabioloogia osakonnas). 108 pp. (In Estonian).

Danusevičius, J. 2000. Breeding of Pines. 352 pp.

Eriksson, G., Andersson, S., Eiche, V., Persson, A. 1976. Variation between and within populations in a provenance trial of Pinus sylvestris at Nordanas, Lat 64°19', Long 18°09', Alt 400m. - Studia Forestalia Suecica, 133, 2-45.

Eriksson, G., Ekberg, I. 2001. An Introduction to forest genetics. Uppsala, 166 pp.

Giertych, M., Oleksyn, J. 1981. Summary of results on Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) volume production in Ogievskij's pre-revolutionary Russian provenance experiments. - Silvae Genetica, 20, 56-74.

Jansons, A., Baumanis, I. 2005. Growth Dynamics of Scots pine Geographical Provenances in Latvia. - Baltic Forestry, 11(2), 29-37.

Kurm, M., Möls, T., Tamm, Ü. 2003. Hariliku männi (Pinus sylvestris L.) kõrguskasvu sõltuvus seemnete päritolust. (The dependence of height increment on seed provenance in Pinus sylvestris). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused, 38, 46-57. (In Estonian with English summary).

Kurm, M., Möls, T., Tamm, Ü., Maaten, T. 2006. Järglaste kasvuomadused hariliku männi (Pinus sylvestris L.) 34-aastastes geograafilistes katsekultuurides Järvseljal Eestis. (Progeny growth in 33-34-year-old wide-range geographical trial plantations of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) at Järvselja, Estonia). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused, 44, 60-70. (In Estonian with English summary).

König, A. 2005. Provenance research: evaluating the spatial pattern of genetic variation. - Geburek, T., Turok, J. (eds.). Conservation and Management of Forest Genetic Resources in Europe. Zvolen, Arbora Publishers, 275-333.

Laas, E. 2004. Okaspuud. (Conifers). Tartu, Atlex. 359 pp. (In Estonian).

Lindgren, D. 1997. Vitalization of Results from Provenance Tests. - Matyas, C. (ed.). Perspectives of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding in a Changing World. - IUFRO World Series, 6, 73-85.

Matyas, C. 1997. Climatic adaptation of trees: rediscovering provenance tests. - Tigerstedt, P. M. A. (ed.). Adaptation in Plant Breeding. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 49-88.

Mustonen, E., Rooseniit, J. 1993 Hariliku männi kultuuride kasvu sõltuvus geograafi-lisest päritolust Järvseljas rajatud katsekultuuride alusel. (Dependence of growth variables from seed origin on the basis of Scots pine provenance trials in Järvselja) (Lõputöö). (Diploma thesis). (Käsikiri EMÜ metsakasvatuse osakonnas). Tartu, 73 pp.

Nilson, A. 2005. Allomeetria võrrandi N = aDb ja võrrandi N = (a+bD)-2 sobivusest puude arvu N ja nende keskmise diameetri D seose kirjeldamiseks metsa kasvukäigu tabelites. (Fitness of allometric equation N = aDb and equation N = (a+bD)-2 for modelling the dependence of the number of trees N on their mean diameter D in yield tables). - Forestry Studies / Metsanduslikud Uurimused, 43, 159-173.

Näslund, M. 1936. Skogsförsöksanstaltens gallringsförsök i tallskog. Primärbearbetning. (Thinning experiment in a pine forest by Forest research institute. Preliminary work). - Meddelanden från Statens Skogsförsöksanstalt, 29, 1-20. (In Swedish.)

Oleksyn, J., Giertych, M. 1984. Results of a 70-year -old Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) provenance experiment in Pulawy, Poland. - Silvae Genetica, 33, 22-27.

Pihelgas, E. 1965. Seemnete geograafilise päritolu mõju männiseemikute kasvule. (Einfluss der geographischen Herkunft der Samen auf den Wuchs der Kiefernsämlinge). - Eesti Põllumajanduse Akadeemia teaduslike tööde kogumik. (Transactions of the Estonian Agricultural Academy). Tartu, 4, 17-24. (In Estonian with German summary).

Pihelgas, E. 1970. Geneetika ja selektsioon metsamajanduses. (Genetics and selection in forestry). Tallinn, 282 pp. (In Estonian).

Pihelgas, E. 1971. Hariliku männi selektsiooni alused ENSV tingimustes. (Priciples of Scots pine selection: an Estonian case). Doktori-dissertatsioon. (Doctoral thesis). (Käsikiri EMÜ metsabioloogia osakonnas). Tartu, 626 pp.

Pärt, E., Adermann, V., Lepiku, P. 2008. Metsavarud. (Forest resources). - Mets 2008. (Yearbook forest 2008). Keskkonnaministeerium, Metsakaitse- ja metsauuenduskeskus, 1-44.

R Development Core Team 2009. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. ISBN 3-900051-07-0, URL http://www.R-project.org

Rehfeldt, G. E., Tchebakova, N. M., Milyutin, L. I., Parfenova, E. I., Wykoff, W. R., Kouzmina, N. A. 2003. Assessing Population Responses to Climate in Pinus sylvestris and Larix spp. of Eurasia with Climate-Transfer Models. - Eurasian Journal of Forest Research, 2-6, 83-98.

White, T. L., Adams, W. T., Neale, D. B. 2007. Forest Genetics. CABI Publishing. 684 pp.

Wright J. W. 1976. Introduction to Forest Genetics. New York, Academic Press.

Forestry Studies

Metsanduslikud Uurimused; The Journal of Estonian University of Life Sciences

Journal Information


CiteScore 2018: 1.24

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.331
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.743

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 148 91 3
PDF Downloads 120 69 6