Variability of morphological needle traits of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) among populations from mountain and lowland regions of Poland

Open access

Abstract

The main goal of this work was to examine interpopulational needle traits variability of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) from four mountain, one foothill and three lowland, natural populations located in Poland. This choice of locations was motivated by the presumed different origins of mountainous populations and the necessity to demonstrate how closely they are related to lowland populations. Variation in the studied populations was determined using seven morphological traits of needles: 1 - needle length, 2 - number of stomatal rows on the flat side of a needle, 3 - number of stomata per 2 mm of needle length on the flat side, 4 - number of stomatal rows on the convex side of a needle, 5 - number of stomata per 2 mm of needle length on the convex side, 6 - number of serrations per 2 mm of the needle length on the left side and 7 - number of serrations per 2 mm of the needle length on the right side. Biometric data were analysed statistically, and it was found that (i) needle traits differentiate studied populations; (ii) the postulated division of the population into two groups is reflected in the obtained results; and (iii) a particularly strong relationship was found between two relict pine populations from the Pieniny (Sokolica, Kazalnica, Czertezik) and Tatra Mts. (Wielke Koryciska), which may be the result of the common origins and history of these two populations

Androsiuk P., Kaczmarek Z., Urbaniak L. 2011. The morphological traits of needles as markers of geographical differentiation in European Pinus sylvestris populations. Dendrobiology, 65, 3-11.

Androsiuk P., Urbaniak L. 2006. Differentiation of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) populations in the Tatra mountains based on morphological needle characters. Biodiversity: Research and Conservation, 3/4, 227-231.

Białobok S. 1970. Rozmieszczenie w Eurazji (Distribution in Eurasia). In: Sosna zwyczajna Pinus sylvestris L. (Scots pine Pinus sylvestris L.) (ed.: S. Białobok). PWN, Warszawa-Poznań, 78-85 (in Polish).

Białobok S. 1970. Sosna w lasach Polski od późnego glacjału po czasy współczesne (The pine in Polish forests since the late glacial period). In: Sosna zwyczajna Pinus sylvestris L. (Scots pine Pinus sylvestris L.) (ed.: S. Białobok). PWN, Warszawa- Poznań, 16-51 (in Polish).

Boratyński A. 1978. Sosna błotna (Pinus ulginosa Neumann) w rezerwacie Błędne Skały w Górach Stołowych [Pinus uliginosa. (Pinus ulginosa Neumann) in Błędne Skały in Stołowe Mountains]. Arboretum Kórnickie, 23, 261-267 (in Polish with English summary).

Boratyński A. 1993. Systematyka i geograficzne rozmieszczenie (Systematics and geographical distribution). In: Biologia sosny zwyczajnej (Biology of Scots pine) (eds.: S. Białobok, A. Boratyński, W. Bugała). Sorus, Poznań-Kórnik, 45-70 (in Polish).

Cheddadi R., Vendramin G.G., Litt T., François L., Kageyama M., Lorentz S., et. al. 2006. Imprints of glacial refugia in the modern genetic diversity of Pinus sylvestris. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 15, 271-281.

Dering M., Kosiński P., Wyka T.P., Pers-Kamczyc E., Boratyński A., Boratyńska K., Reich P.B., Romo A., Zadworny M., Żytkowiak R., Oleksyn J. 2017. Tertiary remnants and Holocene colonizers: Genetic structure and phylogeography of Scots pine reveal higher genetic diversity in young boreal than in relict Mediterranean populations and a dual colonization of Fennoscandia. Diversity and Distributions, 23, 540-555.

Irvine J., Perks M.P, Magnani F., Grace J. 1998. The response of Pinus sylvestris to drought: stomatal ontrol of transpiration and hydraulic conductance. Tree Physiology, 18, 393-404.

Jasiewicz A. 1965. Rośliny naczyniowe Bieszczadów Zachodnich (The vascular plants of the Western Bieszczady Mts., East Carpathians). Monografie Botaniczne, 20, 1-332 (in Polish).

Mamaev S.A. 1972. Formy vnutrividovoj izmencivosti drevesnych rastenij (Forms of intraspecific variation of woody plants). Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).

Mantel N. 1967. The detection of disease clustering and a generalized regression approach. Cancer Research, 27 (2), 209-220.

Mergen F. 1958. Genetic variation in needle characteristics of slash pine and in some of its hybrids. Silvae Genetica, 1, 1-9.

Naydenov K.D., Senneville S., Beaulieu J., Tremblay F., Bousquet J. 2007. Glacial vicariance in Eurasia: mitochondrial DNA evidence from Scots pine for a complex heritage involving genetically distinct refugia at mid-northern latitudes and in Asia Minor. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 7, 233, https://dx.doi.org/0.1186/1471-2148-7-233.

Niinemets U., Ellsworth D.S., Lukjanova A., Tobias M. 2001. Site fertility and the morphological and photosynthetic acclimation of Pinus sylvestris needles to light. Tree Physiology, 21, 1231-1244.

Obidowicz A. 1996. A Late Glacial-Holocene history of the formation of vegetation belts in the Tatra Mts. Acta Paleobotanica, 36 (2), 159-206.

Oleksyn J., Rachwał L. 1994. Wzrost europejskich populacji sosny zwyczajnej (Pinus sylvestris L.) w doświadczeniu proweniencyjnym SP-IUFRO- 1982 w Puszczy Niepołomickiej (Growth of European Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) populations in SP-IUFRO 1982 provenance experiment at the Niepołomice Forest). Sylwan, 9, 57-69 (in Polish with English summary).

Pawlaczyk E.M., Bobowicz M.A., Korczyk A.F. 2010. Zmienność trzech naturalnych populacji Pinus sylvestris L. z różnych siedlisk Puszczy Białowieskiej oszacowana cechami igieł (Variability of three natural populations of Pinus sylvestris L. from different sites of Białowieża Primeval Forest estimated using needle traits). Forest Research Papers, 71 (1), 83-92 (in Polish with English summary).

Peakall R., Smouse P.E. 2006. GENALEX 6: genetic analysis in Excel. Population genetic software for teaching and research. Molecular Ecology Notes, 6, 288-295.

Pyhäjärvi T., Salmela M.J., Savolanien O. 2008. Colonization router of Pinus sylvestris inferred from distribution of mitochondrial DNA variation. Tree Genetics and Genomes, 4, 247-254.

Ralska-Jasiewiczowa M. 2004. Late Glacial and Holocene History of Vegetation in Poland Based on Isopollen Maps. W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków.

Staszkiewicz J. 1968. Badania nad sosną zwyczajną z Europy południowo-wschodniej i Kaukazu oraz jej stosunkiem do sosny z innych obszarów Europy, oparte na zmienności morfologicznej szyszek (Investigations on Pinus sylvestris from South-eastern Europe and from Caucasus andits relation to the pine from other territories of Europe based on morphological variability of cones). Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica, 14, 259-315 (in Polish).

Staszkiewicz J. 1970. Systematyka i zmienność (Systematicsand variability). In: Sosna zwyczajna Pinus sylvestris L. (Scots pine Pinus sylvestris L.) (ed.: S. Białobok). PWN, Warszawa-Poznań, 55-77 (in Polish).

Staszkiewicz J. 1993. Sosna w historii naszych lasów (The pine in the history of our forests). In: Biologia sosny zwyczajnej (Biology of Scots pine) (eds.: S. Białobok, A. Boratyński, W. Bugała). Sorus, Poznań-Kórnik, 11-31 (in Polish).

Szafer W. 1949. Drzewa i krzewy. Ilustrowany klucz do oznaczania drzew i krzewów krajowych oraz obcych częściej hodowanych w Polsce (Trees and shrubs. An ilustrated key to determination of native and often cultivated alien trees and shrubs). PZWS, Warszawa (in Polish).

Urbaniak L. 1998. Zróżnicowanie geograficzne sosny zwyczajnej (Pinus sylvestris L.) z terenu Eurazji na podstawie cech morfologicznych i anatomicznych igieł (Differentiation of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) from the area of Eurasia on the basis of anatomical and morphological characters of needles). Adam Mickiewicz University Press, Poznań (in Polish with English summary)

Urbaniak L., Karliński L., Popielarz R. 2003. Variation of morphological needles characters of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) populations i n different habitats. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 72 (1), 7-44.

Urbaniak L., Androsiuk P., Ślósarz M., Vončina G. 2006. Zróżnicowanie populacji sosny zwyczajnej (Pinus sylvestris L.) w Pieninach Właściwych na podstawie cech morfologicznych igieł (Differentiation of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L .) p opulations in the Pieniny Właściwe range on the basis of morphological needles traits). Pieniny - Przyroda i Człowiek, 9, 71-78 (in Polish with English summary).

Urbaniak L., Vončina G. 2008. Charakterystyka sosny zwyczajnej Pinus sylvestris L. z Sokolicy, Czertezika i Kazalnicy w cechach morfologii igieł (The characteristics of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) at Sokolica, Kazalnica and Czertezik peaks on the basis of morphological traits of needles). Pieniny - Przyroda i Człowiek, 10, 19-26 (in Polish with English summary).

Urbaniak L. 2009. Badania porównawcze cech morfonologicznych igieł populacji Pinus sylvestris L. z terenów Wielkopolskiego i Słowińskiego Parku Narodowego oraz Borów Tucholskich (A comparative study of morphological characteristics of the population needles of Pinus sylvestris L. from the area of Wielkopolska and Slowinski National Park and Tuchola Forest). In: Wielkopolski Park Narodowy w badaniach przyrodniczych (Wielkopolski National Park in natural studies) (eds.: B. Walna, L. Kaczmarek, M. Lorenc, R. Dondajewska). Adam Mickiewicz University Press, Poznań-Jeziory, 135-142 (in Polish).

Woźniak T., Androsiuk P., Nowak D., Urbaniak L. 2006. The expression of morphological needles characters of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) populations growing in various habitats in Puszcza Notecka. In: Variability and Evolution - New Perspectives (eds.: W. Prus-Głowacki, E.M. Pawlaczyk). Adam Mickiewicz University Press, Poznań, 449-462.

Zajączkowski M. 1936. O południowej granicy zasięgu sosny pospolitej w Polsce i występowaniu sosny reliktowej w Karpatach polskich (About southern limit of the range of Scots pine in Poland and the occurrence of relict pine in the Polish Carpathians). Prace Komisji Nauk Rolniczych i Komisji Nauk Leśnych PAU, 20 (in Polish).

Żelawski W., Gowin T. 1966. Variability of some needle characteristics in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) ecotypes grown on the comparative plantation. Ekologia Polska Seria A, 14 (17), 275-283.

Żelawski W., Niwiński Z. 1966. Variability of some needles characteristic in Socts pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) ecotypes grown in native conditions. Ekologia Polska Seria A, 14 (19), 301-308.

Folia Forestalia Polonica

Seria A - Forestry; The Journal of Forest Research Institute

Journal Information


CiteScore 2018: 0.67

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.312
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.569

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 177 100 1
PDF Downloads 113 67 2