Impact of ectohumus application in birch and pine nurseries on the presence of soil mites (Acari), Oribatida in particular

Open access

Abstract

Intensively used forest nurseries are characterised by degradation processes that lead to a drop in the quality of seedlings. The main reason of this problem is a decrease in biological soil diversity. Therefore, an attempt of nursery soil enrichment by introducing ectohumus – as compost and fresh litter – from the pine forest was carried out. The research was carried out in 2009–2011 in the Bielawy forest nursery near the city of Toruń, Poland. The objective of the study was to determine the impact of organic fertilisation (compost made up of forest humus) and mulching using fresh ectohumus on the density and community composition of Acari mites and on species composition of oribatid mites (Oribatida) in the nurseries of silver birch and Scots pine. Mites, especially oribatid mites, were treated as bioindicators of soil biological activity. Research has shown that mulching using fresh ectohumus caused a multiple increase in the density of mites, especially in saprophagous mites Oribatida. Oribatid mites were clearly more numerous in birch cultivation than in that of pine. Overall, 27 species of oribatid mites were found. Mulching resulted in a significant growth in species diversity in both cultivations. The most numerous oribatid mite in the area under the study was Oribatula tibialis. This species was present in all plots and showed clear preference for birch cultivation. Tectocepheus velatus and Oppiella nova, common and known to be present in a variety of environments, were slightly less numerous.

Agrometeorological Bulletin 2009–2011. Institute of Meteorology and Water Management – National Research Institute (IMGW-PIB), Warszawa.

Behan-Pelletier V.M. 1999. Oribatid mite biodiversity in agroecosystems: role of bioindication. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 74, 411–423.

Behan-Pelletier V.M. 2003. Acari and Collembola biodiversity in Canadian agricultural soils. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 83, 279–288.

Bernier N., Gillet F. 2012. Structural relationships among vegetation, soil fauna and humus form in a subalpine forest ecosystem: a Hierarchical Multiple Factor Analysis (HMFA). Pedobiologia, 55, 321–334.

Berthet P., Gerard G. 1965. A statistical study of microdistribution of Oribatei (Acari) I. The distribution pattern. Oikos, 16, 214–227.

Giertych M.J., Karolewski P., Żytkowiak R., Oleksyn J. 2006. Differences in defence strategies against herbivores between two pioneer tree species: Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. and Betula pendula Roth. Polish Journal of Ecology, 54 (2), 181–187.

Gulvik M.E. 2007. Mites (Acari) as indicators of soil biodiversity and land use monitoring: a review. Polish Journal of Ecology, 55 (3), 415–440.

Haimi J. 2000. Decomposer animals and bioremediation of soils. Environmental Pollution, 107, 233–238.

Hanlon R.D., Anderson J.M. 1979. The effects of Collembola grazing on microbial activity in decomposing leaf litter. Oecologia, 38, 93–99.

Hanlon R.D., Anderson J.M. 1980. The influence of macroarthropod feeding activities on microflora in decomposing leaf litter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 12, 255–261.

Hasegawa M., Okabe K., Fukuyama K., Makino S., Okochi I., Tanaka H., Goto H., Mizoguchi T., Sakata T. 2013. Community structures of Mesostigmata, Prostigmata and Oribatida in broad-leaved regeneration forests and conifer plantations of various ages. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 59, 391–408.

Klimek A., Rolbiecki S., Rolbiecki R. 2013. Effect of irrigation and organic fertilization on oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatida) in forest nursery. Scientific Research and Essays, 8 (5), 227–237.

Klimek A., Rolbiecki S., Rolbiecki R., Długosz J., Kuss M. 2011a. The use of forest humus for revitalization of soil in the one-year production cycle for Scots pine seedlings. Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas, 6, 175–186 [in Polish].

Klimek A., Rolbiecki S., Rolbiecki R., Długosz J., Kuss M. 2011b. The use of forest humus for revitalization of soil in the one-year production cycle for white birch seedlings. Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas, 2, 301–313 [in Polish].

Klimek A., Rolbiecki S., Rolbiecki R., Hilszczańska D., Malczyk P. 2008. Impact of chosen bare root nursery practices in Scots pine seedling quality and soil mites (Acari). Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 17 (2), 247–255.

Klimek A., Rolbiecki S., Rolbiecki R., Hilszczańska D., Malczyk P. 2011c. Effects of organic fertilization and mulching under micro-sprinkler irrigation on growth and mycorrhizal colonization of European larch seedlings, and occurrence of soil mites. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 5 (20), 1211–1219.

Klimek A., Rolbiecki S., Rolbiecki R., Malczyk P. 2009. Impact of chosen bare root nursery practices on white birch seedling quality and soil mites (Acari). Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 18 (6), 1013–1020.

Leski T., Rudawska M., Aučina A., Skridaila A., Riepšas E., Pietras M. 2009. Influence of pine and oak litter on growth and mycorrhizal community structure of Scots pine seedlings in bare-root nursery conditions. Sylwan, 153 (10), 675–683 [in Polish].

Lindberg N., Bengtsson J. 2005. Population responses of oribatid mites and collembolans after drought. Applied Soil Ecology, 28, 163–174.

Lussenhop J. 1992. Mechanisms of microarthropod-microbial interactions in soil. Advances in Ecological Research, 23, 1–33.

Luxton M. 1972. Studies on the oribatid mites of a Danish beech wood soil. I. Nutritional biology. Pedobiologia, 12, 434–463.

Magurran A.E. 1988. Ecological diversity and its measurement. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

Ponge I.F. 1991. Succession of fungi and fauna during decomposition of needles in a small area of Scots pine litter. Plant and Soil, 138, 99–113.

Rajski A. 1968. Autecological-zoogeographical analysis of oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatei) on the basis of fauna in the Poznań environs. Part II. Fragmenta Faunistica, 12, 277–405.

Remén C., Fransson P., Persson T. 2010. Population responses of oribatids and enchytraeids to ectomycorrhizal and saprotrophic fungi in plant–soil microcosms. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 42, 978–985.

Rolbiecki S., Musiał M., Fórmaniak A., Ryterska H. 2010. Tentative estimation of irrigation needs of forest nurseries in 2000–2009 in vicinities of Bydgoszcz, Chojnice and Toruń. Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas, 14, 23–30 [in Polish].

Ruf A., Beck L. 2005. The use of predatory soil mites in ecological soil classification and assessment concepts, with perspectives for oribatid mites. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 62, 290–299.

Sayer E.J. 2006. Using experimental manipulation to assess the roles of leaf litter in the functioning of forest ecosystems. Biological Reviews, 80, 1–31.

Schneider K., Renker C., Maraun M. 2005. Oribatid mite (Acari, Oribatida) feeding on ectomycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza, 16, 67–72.

Schneider K., Renker C., Scheu S., Maraun M. 2004. Feeding biology of oribatid mites: a minireview. Phytophaga, 14, 247–256.

Setala H. 1995. Growth of birch and pine seedlings in relation to grazing by soil fauna on ectomycorrhizal fungi. Ecology, 76 (6), 1844–1851.

Siepel H. 1994. Life – history tactics of soil microarthropods. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 18, 263–278.

Siipilehto J. 2001. Effect of weed control with fibre mulches and herbicides on the initial development of spruce, birch and aspen seedlings on abandoned farmland. Silva Fennica, 35 (4), 403–414.

Skubała P. 2002. The development of mite fauna on dumps or how nature struggles with industry. Kosmos, 51 (2), 195–204 [in Polish].

Skubała P., Gulvik M. 2005. Pioneer oribatid mite communities (Acari: Oribatida) in natural (glacier foreland) and anthropogenic (post-industrial dumps) habitats. Polish Journal of Ecology, 53, 105–111.

Stachowski P., Markiewicz J. 2011. The need of irrigation in central Poland on the example of Kutno county. Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska, 13, 1453–1472 [in Polish].

Sulkava P., Huhta V., Laakso J. 2001. Influence of soil fauna and habitat patchiness on plant (Betula pendula) growth and carbon dynamics in a microcosm experiment. Oecologia, 129, 133–138.

Wallwork J.A. 1983. Oribatids in forest ecosystems. Annual Review of Entomology, 28, 109–130.

Weigmann G. 1991. Oribatid communities in transects from bogs to forests in Berlin indicating the biotope qualities. In: Modern Acarology 1. Proc. 8th International Congress on Acarology (eds.: F. Dusbanek, V. Bukva), České Budĕjovice, 359–364.

Weigmann G., Kratz W. 1981. Die deutschen Hornmilbenarten und ihre ökologische Charakteristik. Zoologische Beiträge, 27, 459–489.

Zhiping C., Xuemei H., Cheng H., Jun C., Dianpeng Z., Steinbergerer Y. 2011. Changes in the abundance Andrzej Klimek, Stanisław Rolbiecki, Roman Rolbiecki and structure of a soil mite (Acari) community under long-term organic and chemical fertilizer treatments. Applied Soil Ecology, 49, 131–138.

Żarski J. 2011. Trends in changes of climatic indices for irrigation needs of plants in the region of Bydgoszcz. Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas, 5, 29–37 [in Polish].

Żarski J., Dudek S. 2009. Time variability of selected plants irrigation needs in the region of Bydgoszcz. Infrastructure and Ecology of Rural Areas, 3, 141–149 [in Polish].

Folia Forestalia Polonica

Seria A - Forestry; The Journal of Forest Research Institute

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.42

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.194
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.473

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 124 118 6
PDF Downloads 65 63 6