Stakeholder analysis in the biomass energy development based on the experts’ opinions: the example of Triglav National Park in Slovenia

Open access

Abstract

The paper presents a method for identifying and classifying local stakeholders involved in renewable energy development. The method is based on the expert assessment and comprises three main steps: (1) identification of the independent experts considering their expertise and knowledge of the local context; (2) identification of the local stakeholders based on expert assessment; and (3) analytical categorisation of stakeholders taking into account the professional relationship network. Using forest biomass (bioenergy) production as example, the stakeholder analysis is illustrated on the case study of Triglav National Park, which is characterised by a high potential of woody biomass production and a large number of stakeholders involved in land use and management. The first stage of stakeholder analysis identifies the key stakeholders to be involved in bioenergy development, through a survey with local experts. The results highlight eight key stakeholders and several primary and secondary stakeholders that should be involved to ensure socially acceptable decision-making about the renewable energy development in the Triglav National Park.

Bavelas A. 1950. Communication patterns in task oriented groups. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 22, 271–282.

Beurskens L.W.M., Hekkenberg M, Vethman P. 2011. Renewable energy projections as published in the national renewable energy action plans of the European Member states. ECN and EEA.

Blennow K., Persson E., Lindner M., Pacheco Faias S., Hanewinkel M. 2014. Forest owner motivations and attitudes towards supplying biomass for energy in Europe. Biomass and Bioenergy, 67, 223–230.

Bodin Ö., Crona B.I. 2009. The role of social networks in natural resource governance: What relational patterns make a difference? Global Environmental Change, 19, 366–374.

Borgatti S.P., Everett M.G., Freeman L.C. 2002. UCINET for Windows: Software for Social Network Analysis. Harvard: Analytic Technologies.

Bourgoin J. 2012. Sharpening the understanding of socio-ecological landscapes in participatory land-use planning. A case study in Lao PDR. Applied Geography, 34, 99–110.

Brass D.J. 1984. Being in the right place: a structural analysis of individual influence in an organization. Administrative Science Quarterly, 29, 518–539.

Cantiani M.G. 2012. Forest planning and public participation: a possible methodological approach. iForest, 5, 72–82.

Carnol M., Baeten L., Branquart E., Gregoire J.-C., Heughebaert A., Muys B., Ponette Q., Verheyen K. 2014. Ecosystem services of mixed species forest stands and monocultures: comparing practitioners’ and scientists’ perceptions with formal scientific knowledge. Forestry, 87 (5), 639–653.

Čiegis R., Gineitiene D. 2008. Participatory aspects of strategic sustainable development planning in local communities: experience of Lithuania. Ukio Technologinis ir Ekonominis Vystymas, 14 (2), 107–117.

Craig G. 2007. Community capacity-building: something old, something new? Critical Social Policy, 27, 335–359.

Driscoll C., Starik M. 2004. The primordial stake-holder: advancing the conceptual consideration of stakeholder status for the natural environment. Journal of Business Ethics, 49, 55–73.

Dwivedi P., Alavalapati J.R.R. 2009. Stakeholders’ perceptions on forest biomass-based bioenergy development in the southern US. Energy Policy, 37, 1999–2007.

Evan W.M., Freeman R.E. 1988. A stakeholder theory of the modern corporation: Kantian capitalism. In: Ethical Theory and Business (eds.: T. Beauchamp, N. Bowie), Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall.

Everett M., Borgatti S.P. 2005. Ego network betweenness. Social networks, 27, 31–38.

Ernstson H., Sörlin S., Elmqvist T. 2008. Social movements and ecosystem services – the role of social network structure in protecting and managing urban green areas in Stockholm. Ecology and Society, 13 (2), 39.

Etzioni A. 1964. Modern organizations. Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall.

Freeman L.C. 1979. Centrality in social networks: I. Conceptual clarification. Social Networks, 1, 215–239.

Granovetter M. 1973. The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology, 6, 1360–1380.

Gregory R., Wellman R. 2001. Bringing stakeholder values into environmental policy choices: a community-based estuary case study. Ecological Economics, 39 (1), 37–52.

Grimble R., Chan M.K. 1995. Stakeholder analysis for natural resource management in developing countries. Natural Resources Forum, 19 (2), 113–124.

Grimble R., Wellard K. 1997. Stakeholder methodologies in natural resource management: a review of principles, contexts, experiences and opportunities. Agricultural Systems, 55 (2), 173–193.

Hahn T., Olsson P., Folke C., Johansson K. 2006. Trust-building, knowledge generation and organizational innovations: the role of a bridging organization for adaptive comanagement of a wetland landscape around Kristianstad, Sweden. Human Ecology, 34, 573–592.

Hamersley Chambers F., Beckley T. 2003. Public involvement in sustainable boreal forest management. In: Towards sustainable management of the boreal forest (ed.: P.J. Burton), National Research Council of Canada NRC Research Press, Ottawa, 113–154.

Higgs G., Berry R., Kidner D., Langford M. 2008. Using IT approaches to promote public participation in renewable energy planning: Prospects and challenges. Land Use Policy, 25 (4), 596–607.

Kangas A., Laukkanen S., J. Kangas J. 2006. Social choice theory and its applications in sustainable forest management – a review. Forest Policy and Economics, 9, 77–92.

Keltner D., Gruenfeld D.H., Anderson C. 2003. Power, approach, and inhibition. Psychological Review, 110, 265–284.

Korhonen K., Hujala T., Kurttila M. 2013. Diffusion of voluntary protection among family forest owners: decision process and success factors. Forest Policy and Economics, 26, 82–90.

Krackhardt D. 1990. Assessing the political landscape: structure, cognition, and power in organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35, 342–369.

Kraxner F., Yang J., Yamagata Y. 2009. Attitudes towards forest, biomass and certification – a case study approach to integrate public opinion in Japan. Bioresource Technology, 100, 4058–4061.

Leavitt H.J. 1951. Some effects of certain communication patterns on group performance. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 46, 38–50.

Lisec A., Drobne S. 2009. The influence of protected natural and cultural heritage on land management/market: the case of Slovenian natural protected areas. Spatium, 20, 41–48.

Lupo Stanghellini P.S. 2010. Stakeholder involvement in water management: the role of the stakeholder analysis within participatory processes. Water Policy, 12, 675–694.

Marsden P.V. 2002. Egocentric and sociocentric measures of network centrality. Social Networks, 24, 407–422.

Miron D., Preda M. 2009. Stakeholder Analysis of the Romanian Energy Sector. Review of International Comparative Management, 10 (5), 877–892.

Mitchell R., Agle B., Wood D. 1997. Towards a theory of stakeholder identification: defining the principle of who and what really counts. Academy of Management Review, 22 (4), 853–886.

Mizruchi M.S., Potts B.P. 1998. Centrality and power revisited: actor success in group decision making. Social Networks, 20, 353–387.

Newman M.E.J. 2005. A measure of betweenness centrality based on random walks. Social Networks, 27, 39–54.

Neal J.W. 2009. Network ties and mean lies: A relational approach to relational aggression. Journal of community psychology, 37 (6), 737–753.

Nichiforel R. 2011. Stakeholder analysis of the Romanian forest sector. The USV Annals of Economics and Public Administration, 11 (1), 114–125.

ODA. 1995. Guidance note on how to do stakeholder analysis of aid projects and programmes. Overseas Development Administration, London, UK.

Paletto A., Ferretti F., De Meo I. 2012. The Role of Social Networks in Forest Landscape Planning. Forest Policy and Economics, 15, 132–139.

Paletto A., Balest J., De Meo I., Giacovelli G., Grilli G. 2014a. Perceived influence and real power of stake-holders in forest management: a case study in Italy. In: Proceedings “Adaptation in forest management under changing framework conditions”, 19th-23th May 2014 (eds.: E. Schiberna, M. Stark), Foundation for Sustainable Forest Management, Sopron, 163–175.

Paletto A., Giacovelli G., Grilli G., Balest J., De Meo I. 2014b. Stakeholders’ preferences and the assessment of forest ecosystem services: a comparative analysis in Italy. Journal of Forest Science, 60, 472–483.

Paletto A., Hamunen K., De Meo I. 2015. The social network analysis to support the stakeholder analysis in participatory forest planning. Society and Natural Resources, 28 (1), 1108–1125.

Pirlogea C., Cicea C. 2012. Econometric perspective of the energy consumption and economic growth relation in European Union. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16 (8), 5718–5726.

Prell C., Hubacek K., Reed M. 2009. Stakeholder analysis and social network analysis in natural resource management. Society and Natural Resources, 22, 501–518.

Pristov J., Pristov N., Zupančič B. 1998. Klima v Triglavskem narodnem parku. Razprave in raziskave 8, Triglavski narodni park, Bled.

Proscovia Mutekanga F., Kessler A., Leber K., Visser S. 2013. The use of stakeholder analysis in integrated watershed management. Mountain Research and Development, 33 (2), 122–131.

Reed M.S., Graves A., Dandy N., Posthumus H., Hubacek K., Morris J., Prell C., Quinn C.H., Stringer L.C. 2009. Who’s in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 1933–1949.

Rinaldi F., Jonsson R., Sallnäs O., Trubins R. 2015. Behavioral modelling in a Decision Support System. Forests, 6, 311–327.

SFS. 2012. National forest inventory data. Ljubljana, Slovenian Forest Service.

Simpson J.A., Farrell A.K., Oriña M.M., Rothman A.J. 2014. Power and social influence in relationships. In: APA handbook of personality and social psychology (eds.: M. Mikulincer, P.R. Shaver), American Psychological Association, Washington, 393–420.

Stubelj Ars M. 2013. Evaluation of hikers’ pro-environmental behavior in Triglav National Park, Slovenia. eco.mont – Journal on Protected Mountain Areas Research and Management, 5 (1), 35–42.

Svadlenak-Gomez K., Badura M., Kraxner F., Fuss S., Vettorato D., Walzer C. 2014. Valuing Alpine ecosystems: the recharge.green project will help decision-makers to reconcile renewable energy production and biodiversity conservation in the Alps. eco.mont – Journal on Protected Mountain Areas Research and Management, 5 (1), 59–62.

Turner J.C. 2005. Explaining the nature of power: A three-process theory. European Journal of Social Psychology, 35 (1), 1–22.

Walz A., Lardelli C., Behrendt H., Grêt-Regamey A., Lundström C., Kytzia S., Bebi P. 2007. Participatory scenario analysis for integrated regional modelling. Landscape and Urban Planning, 81 (1/2), 114–131.

Wasserman S., Faust K. 1994. Social network analysis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Folia Forestalia Polonica

Seria A - Forestry; The Journal of Forest Research Institute

Journal Information


CiteScore 2018: 0.67

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.312
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.569

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 536 376 28
PDF Downloads 223 170 15