This paper studies the standards of higher Distance Education, focusing on the Hellenic Open University, for people who have visual impairments, so that it becomes fully accessible and thus helps reduce social exclusion. Specifically, it aims to study the operational context of Distance Education, the possibilities that modern technology provides the educational needs of the visually impaired and the factors that prevent their full social integration.
5. Crudden, A.; McBroom, L.; Skinner, A.; Moore, J. (1998). Comprehensive examination of barriers to employment among persons who are blind or visually impaired. Mississippi State: Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision, University of Mississippi.
6. Dobransky, K., and Hargittai, E. (2006). The Disability Divide in Internet Access and Use. In Information Communication and Society, 9(3), (pp. 313–334).
7. Ellcessor, E. (2010). Bridging Disability Divides. In Information Communication and Society, 13(3), (pp. 289–308).
8. Fitzpatrick, D. and McMullen, D. (2008). Distance Learning of Graphically Intensive Material for Visually Impaired Students. In K. Miesenberger, J. Klaus, W.L. Zagler & A.I. Karshmer (eds.), ICCHP 2008, LNCS, vol. 5105, (pp. 219-225). Heidelberg: Springer.
9. Garrison, J.A.; Schardt, C.; Kochi, J.K. (2000). Web-based distance continuing education: A new way of thinking for students and instructors. In Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 88(3), (pp. 211-217).
10. Hiourea, R. (1998). Introduction to the training of blind people in Greece. Athens: Lihnos.
11. Holmberg, B. (2005). The evolution, principles and practices of distance education. In U. Bernath et al. (eds.), Studien und berichte der arbeitsstelle fernstudienforschung der Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, vol. 11.
13. Jacko, V. (2011). Let’s Give the Blind Better Access to Online Learning. In Chronicle of Higher Education, 57(36), (pp. 30-35).
14. Karahlani, D. and Sourmaidou P. (1998). System trials for the access of blind and reduced-vision readers in libraries. Polyplano Euroconsultants, Thessaloniki.
15. Kelly, P. and Gale, G. (1998). Towards excellence-effective education for students with vision impairments. Sydney: Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children.
16. Ko, S. and Rossen, S. (2001). Teaching Online a Practical Guide. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.
17. Kotsopoulou, M. (2011). E-learning for people with disabilities. MA Dissertation in the University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki.
18. Kritikou, S. and Koutsoumpa, M. (2011). Open and distance higher education and people with disabilities. The case of the Greek Open University. In The Journal for Open & Distance Education and Educational Technology, 7(2), (pp. 88-98).
19. La Grow, S.J. (2004). Factors that Affect the Employment Status of Working-Age Adults with Visual Impairments in New Zealand. In Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 98(9), (pp. 546-559). Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ735502.pdf
20. Lionarakis, A. (2004). Open and distance education and learning processes, in Open and Distance Education: Pedagogical and technological applications. Retrieved from http://class.eap.gr
21. Lionarakis, A. and Likourgiotis, A. (1998). Open systems of higher education. In A. Kokkos, A. Lionarakis & C. Matralis (eds.), Open and distance learning. Institutions and functions. Vol. A’. Patra: Hellenic Open University.
22. Lionarakis, A.; Panagiotakopoulos, C. and Xenos, M. (2005). Open and Distance Learning: tools of information and communication technologies for effective learning. In A. Lionarakis (ed.), Open and Distance Learning, Pedagogical and Technological Application. Hellenic Open University.
23. McCall, S. (1997). Historical perspectives. In H. Mason, S. McCall, A. Arter, M. McLinden, & J. Stone (eds.), Visual impairment access to education for children and young people, (pp. 55-67). London: David Fulton.
24. Moore, M. (1993). Theory of transactional distance. In D. Keegan (eds), Theoretical principles of distance education. London: Routledge.
25. Moore, N. (2000). The information needs of visually impaired people. Acumen.
26. Ogbonnaya, D.I. (2012). The roles of ICT development in open and distance education: Achievements, Prospects and Challenges.
27. Peters, O. (1993). Distance education in postindustrial society. In D. Keegan (ed.), Theoretical Principles of Distance Education. London: Routledge.
28. Presley, I. (2009). Assistive technology for students who are blind or visually impaired. New York: AFB.
29. Race, P. (1989). The Open Learning handbook. London: Kogan Page Ltd.
31. Skantzouri, A. (2008). Study with the subject of complete access of blind people and people with vision problems to electronic educational material. Diploma Thesis, Department of Humanist Studies, Patra.
32. Sperl, B. (2001). Developing library services to people with vision problems: a guide for Greek libraries. European Commission. Leonardo da Vinci Porgamme, Accelarate, Trainer Training Manual.
34. Van Hasselt, V. (1988). Handbook of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. New York: Pergamon Press.
35. Willetts, G. (1993). Eye profile: the impact and total loss of sight on the resident population of the Western Health and Social Services Board and an evaluation of relevant services and facilities. London: RNIB.
36. Wolffe, K. and Candela, A. (2002). Expanding the labor pool: Recruiting, hiring, and maintaining workers with visual impairments. In Employment Relations Today, 29, (pp. 59-68).
37. Yin, R.K. (1989). Case Study Research: design and methods. London: Sage.