MOOCS As A Method Of Distance Education In The Arab World – A Review Paper

Open access

Abstract

Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) in the Arab World are still in their infancy. Many Arab countries are now starting to launch their MOOC platforms; however, there are only a few who have actually implemented such systems. This paper will explore online learning, in particular the rise of MOOCs around the world and their impact on the Arab World.

The purpose of this paper is to give a true picture of the development of the first MOOC platforms in the Arab World. It will analyse in detail the concept, definitions, background, and types of MOOCs (xMOOCs and cMOOCs), as well as the main MOOCs platform in the Western and Arab worlds, and a timeline of the development of MOOCs. It will then observe the status of MOOCs in the developed world, opportunities in the Middle East, and the influence of Western MOOCs on the Arab world, from many perspectives, e.g. educational, religious, cultural and social.

1. Alexander, S. (2001). E-learning developments and experiences. In Education & Training, 43, (pp. 240-248).

2. An-Najah National University (2014). Press conference: launching the first free English language online course, ‘Discover Palestine’. Available: http://www.najah.edu/node/33505 [Accessed 10-10-2014].

3. AUB, American University of Beirut (2014). AUB tests the waters of open online learning and digital degrees with pilot courses. AUB News. Available: http://aub.edu.lb/news/2014/Pages/moocs-online-learning-digital-degrees.aspx [Accessed 14-1-2015].

4. Ayad, S. (2015a). A new Saudi healthcare app looks to solve the obesity epidemic. In Wamda Blog, February 2, 2015. Available: http://www.wamda.com/2015/02/can-app-tackle-diabetes-epidemic-saudi-arabia [Accessed 13-5-2015].

5. Ayad, S. (2015b). Saudi’s Rwaq team hope to create community of educators. In Wamda Blog, March 25, 2015. Available: http://www.wamda.com/2015/03/saudi-rwaq-introduces-new-education-platform [Accessed 13-5-2015].

6. Ba-Isa, M.Y. (2014). Saudi eLearning portal to bridge the gap between education and employment. In Saudi Gazette, August 6, 2014. Available: http://www.saudigazette.com.sa/index.cfm?method=home.regcon&contentid=20140806213747 [Accessed 20-1-2015].

7. Bayne, S. and Ross, J. (2014). The pedagogy of the Massive Open Online Course: the UK view. The Higher Education Academy (Series Ed.) Recuperado el, 30.

8. Brahimi, T. and Sarirete, A. (2015). Learning outside the classroom through MOOCs. In Computers in Human Behavior, (in press). doi:10.1016/j.chb.2015.03.013. Available: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563215001995 [Accessed 2-5-2015].

9. Curley, N. (2013). Saudi Arabia’s Rwaq builds a online courseware platform for Middle East. In Wamda Blog, December 5, 2013. Available: http://www.wamda.com/2013/12/saudi-arabia-rwaq-online-courseware-mooc-middle-east [Accessed 10-9-2014].

10. Dakkak, N. (2013). What are MOOCs, and how can you benefit from them? In Wamda Blog, May 13, 2013. Available: http://www.wamda.com/2013/05/what-are-moocs-what-mean-for-middle-east [Accessed 8-11-204].

11. Davis, H.; Leon, K.D.M.; Vera, M.D.M.S.; White, S. (2013). MOOCs for Universities and Learners, An analysis of motivating factors.

12. Downes, S. (2008). Places to go: Connectivism & connective knowledge. In Journal of Online Education, 5.

13. Downes, S. (2013a). Connective Knowledge and Open Resources. In Half an Hour Blog, October 20, 2013. Available: http://halfanhour.blogspot.co.uk/2013/10/connective-knowledge-and-open-resources.html [Accessed 28-9-2014].

14. Downes, S. (2013b). MOOCs will ultimately play a transformational role. In Half an Hour, Blog, November 6, 2013. Available: http://halfanhour.blogspot.co.uk/2013/11/moocs-will-ultimately-play.html [Accessed 2-12-2014].

15. Eisenberg, M. and Fischer, G. (2014). MOOCs: A perspective from the learning sciences. Presented at the Learning and Becoming in Practice: 11th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS).

16. Epelboin, Y. (2013). MOOC in Europe. UPMC-Sorbonne Université.

17. European Commission (2014). Report on Web Skills Survey: Support Services to Foster Web Talent in Europe by Encouraging the use of MOOCs Focused on web Talent – First Interim Report. Available: http://openeducationeuropa.eu/sites/default/files/MOOCs-for-web-skills-survey-report.pdf [Accessed 11-1-2015].

18. Everington, J. (2013). EdX in talks with Mideast schools to host Arabic-language courses. In The National Business Blog, October 24, 2013. Available: http://www.thenational.ae/business/industry-insights/technology/edx-in-talks-with-mideast-schools-to-host-arabic-language-courses [Accessed 8-12-2014].

19. Gaebel, M. (2013). MOOCs–Massive Open Online Courses. EUA Ocassional Papers.

20. Hamid, T. (2014). Massive Open Online Courses make strides across region. In The National– Business, March 19, 2014. Available: http://www.thenational.ae/business/technology/massive-open-online-courses-make-strides-across-region [Accessed 7-1-2015].

21. Kendrick, C. and Gashurov, I. (2013). Libraries in the Time of MOOCs. EDUCAUSE.

22. Larry, C. (2012). MOOCs and pedagogy: Teacher-centered, student-centered, and hybrids (Part 1).

23. Lee, P.; Stewart, D. and Parvez, A. (2014). Technology, Media & Telecommunications Predictions 2014 | Middle East. Deloitte. Available: https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/xe/Documents/technology-media-telecommunications/predictions2014/dtme_TMT_Predictions2014_TMTPredictions2014.pdf

24. Liyanagunawardena, T.; Williams, S. and Adams, A. (2013). The impact and reach of MOOCs: a developing countries’ perspective. eLearning Papers.

25. Masters, K. (2011). A brief guide to understanding MOOCs. In The Internet Journal of Medical Education, 1.

26. McAuley, A.; Stewart, B.; Siemens, G.; Cormier, D. (2010). The MOOC model for digital practice.

27. Muscara, A. (2014). Q&A: Bassem Fayek, Co-Founder of SkillAcademy.com. In ScoopEmpire, March 3, 2014. Available: http://scoopempire.com/qa-bassem-fayek-co-founder-skillacademy-com/ [Accessed 7-1-2015].

28. O’Prey, P. (2013). Massive Open Online Course, Higher Education digital moments? Universitiesuk.

29. Omran, A.A. (2013). Saudi MOOC Startup Wants to “Disrupt” Arab Education. In The Wall Street Journal – Middle East, December 17, 2013. Available: http://blogs.wsj.com/middleeast/2013/12/17/saudi-mooc-startup-wants-to-disrupt-arab-education/ [Accessed 10-5-2015].

30. Pirkle, H. (2014). Arabic MOOC platform Edraak launches to bring quality education to the region. In Wamda Blog, June 15, 2014. Available: http://www.wamda.com/2014/06/first-arabic-mooc-platform-launches-quality-education [Accessed 3-12-2014].

31. Primo, V. (2014). New E-Learning Portal Promises to Help Saudis Land a Dream Job. In BarakaBits, 09/08/2014. Available: http://www.barakabits.com/2014/08/e-learning-portal-brings-saudis-closer-to-their-dream-job [Accessed 13-1-2015].

32. Rajabi, H. and Virkus, S. (2013). The Potential and Readiness of Tallinn University to Establish Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs).

33. Saadatmand, M. and Kumpulainen, K. (2014). Participants’ perceptions of learning and networking in connectivist MOOCs. In MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 10, (pp. 16-30).

34. Sawahel, W. (2014). New Arab platform for MOOCs launched. In University World News, 30 May, 2014. [Online]. Available: http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20140529184801359&query=New+Arab+platform+for+MOOCs+launched [Accessed 7-10-2014].

35. Siemens, G. (2012). MOOCs are really a platform. In Elearnspace Blog, July 25, 2012. Available: http://www.elearnspace.org/blog/2012/07/25/moocs-are-really-a-platform/ [Accessed 6-10-2014].

36. Siemens, G. and Baker, R.S.J.D. (2012). Learning analytics and educational data mining: towards communication and collaboration. In the Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on learning analytics and knowledge, 2012, (pp. 252-254). ACM.

37. Subbian, V. (2013). Role of MOOCs in integrated STEM education: A learning perspective. In the proceedings of Integrated STEM Education Conference (ISEC), 2013 IEEE, 9 March 2013, (pp. 1-4).

38. Taneja, S., and A. Goel. (2014). MOOC providers and their strategies. In International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing, 3(5), (pp. 222-228).

39. Topalian, N. (2013). Lebanese developers to launch online learning app, in Arabic. In Al-Shorfa, September 27, 2013. Available: http://alshorfa.com/en_GB/articles/meii/features/2013/09/27/feature-02 [Accessed 6-1-2015].

40. Tubaishat, A.; Bhatti, A.; El-Qawasmeh, E. (2006). ICT experiences in two different Middle Eastern universities. In Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, 3, (pp. 667-678).

41. Yuan, L.; Powell, S. and Cetis, J. (2013). MOOCs and open education: Implications for higher education. Cetis White Paper.

Journal Information

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 496 494 32
PDF Downloads 163 161 13