Legal and Financial Instruments Supporting the Innovation and Technology Transfer

Open access


Issues of innovation and technology transfer are framed by a broad legislation and financial schemes at the European and national level. In context of the strategy Europe 2020 and the initiative Innovation Union, the mutual interconnection between the new knowledge creation and its economic valuation is important for competitiveness of the economy. Innovation systems are characterized by a large scale of different actors and dynamic interactions between them. The intensity of the innovation activity of enterprises is mostly influenced by the level of their legal awareness and by the ability to utilize the innovation mechanisms and opportunities for transfer of knowledge, modern technologies and practices. The paper characterizes selected legal and financial mechanisms and points out the possibilities and problems related to their implementation in economic sphere, particularly in the agrifood sector. At the beginning, the authors describe the key aspects of the innovation policy and technology transfer in the EU and Slovakia. Next parts of the paper are focused on the issue of legal institutes concerning the industrial property and on the financial instruments for the period 2014-2020 emphasizing the innovative ones and possibilities of their combination. In the final part, the authors point out the barriers and possibilities in innovation implementation and in the process of transfer of technologies and knowledge to economic sphere.

1. BALOG, M. et al. (2013). Inovativne Slovensko - vychodiska a vyzvy. Slovenska inovačna a energeticka agentura, Bratislava, 2013.

2. ČOREJ, J. et al. (2006). Univerzity, priemysel a partnerstvo. Žilinska univerzita v Žiline: EDIS 2006, ISBN 80-8070-526-7.

3. ETZKOWITZ, H. - WEBSTER, A. - GEBHARDT, C. - TERRA, B. R. C. (2000). The Future of the University and the University of the Future: Evolution of Ivory Tower to Entrepreneurial Paradigm. Research Policy, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 313 - 330. Online. [Cit. 2016-09-11.] Available through access to electronic sources of information of CVTI SR.

4. EUROPEAN COMMISSION. (2010). Communication Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative Innovation Union COM (2010) 546 final, 6.10.2010.

5. EUROPEAN COMMISSION. (2014). The role of public support in the commercialisation of innovations (Flash Eurobarometer 394). Available at:

6. FORTUIN, F. (2007). Strategic alignment of innovation to business. Balancing exploration and exploitation in short and long life cycle industries. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers.

7. GEUNA, A. - MUSCIO, A. (2009). The Governance of University Knowledge Transfer: A Critical Review of the Literature. Journal of Technology Transfer, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 93 - 114. Online. [Cit. 2016-09-11]. Available through access to electronic sources of information of CVTI SR.

8. HAMEL, G. - PRAHALAD, C.K. (1994). Competing for the Future. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1994.

9. INTER-AMERICAN INSTITUTE FOR COOPERATION ON AGRICULTURE. (2014). Innovation in Agriculture: a key process for sustainable development. Institutional position paper, San Jose, May 2014.

10. IZSAK, K. - EDLER, J. (2011). Trends and Challenges in Demand-Side Innovation Policies in Europe. Thematic Report 2011 under Specifi c Contract for the Integration of INNO Policy TrendChart with ERAWATCH (2011 - 2012). Brusel: European Commission, DG Industry and Enterprise. Online. [Cit. 2016- 09-11]. Available at:

11. JAKL, L. et al. (2016). Aktualni otazky prav k duševnimu vlastnictvi. Praha: Metropolitan University Praque Press. 2016. 314 p. ISBN 978-80-87956-32-8.

12. KLERKX, L. - GILDEMACHER, P. (2012). The Role of Innovation Brokers in Agricultural Innovation Systems. Agricultural Innovation Systems: An Investment Sourcebook. Online. [Cit. 2016-09-11]. Available at: .

13. KNICKEL at al. (2009). Innovation processes in agriculture and rural development. Online. [Cit. 2016-09-11]. Available at:

14. LEYERSDORFF, L. - MEYER, M. (2009). The Decline of University Patenting and the End of the Bayh-Dole Effect. Scientometrics, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 355-362. Online. [Cit. 2016-29-10.] Available through access to electronic sources of information of CVTI SR.

15. TELC, I. - TUMA, P. (2006). Přehled prava duševniho vlastnictva. Česka pravni ochrana 2. Brno: Nakladatestvi Doplněk, 2006. 14p. ISBN 80-7239-198-4.

16. VOJČIK, P. et al. (2012). Pravo duševneho vlastnictva Plzeň: Vydavatelstvi a nakladatelstvi Aleš Čeněk, s.r.o., 2012. 495 p. ISBN 978-80-7380-373-5.

EU agrarian Law

The Journal of Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra

Journal Information

Target Group experts, teachers and students in the field of agrarian law and related topics, as well as on general public.


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 371 331 14
PDF Downloads 138 127 13