Heavy Metals in Suburban Ecosystems of Industrial Centres and Ways of their Reduction

Open access

Abstract

Technogenic contamination of ecosystems is one of the main dangers of our time. In order to reduce the harmful effects of this contamination and to provide cost-effective and environmentally safe food production methods, we are forced to look for ways of reliable analysis of the environmental situation, the selection systems of animal husbandry and regulations for the degree of impact of pollutants on the elements of the agroecosystem. This article presents the results of studies aimed at assessing the plight of the environment of a large industrial centre, and its anthropogenic impacts on every element of the suburban ecosystems. It presents data on maintenance and migration of anthropogenous pollutants in the trophic chains of pasturable ecosystems of the suburb of Volgograd. The authors have listed the industrial enterprises as the key sources of pollution. The features of the distribution of xenobiotics in the tissues and organs of calves and heifers of different breeds were analysed in the study. Conclusions were drawn on the accumulation of heavy metals and arsenic in cattle, and the impact of this factor on the quality of production. A comparative assessment of the resistance of different breeds of cows to the action of toxicants in the environment of the Lower Volga region was carried out. Ways to decrease the impact of pollutants on the cattle organism have also been suggested. The article pays attention to the environmental pollution of the industrial centre, the influence of these processes on all elements of an ecosystem including humans, and offers ways to minimize the damage.

Belyaev, A.I. (2004). Development of methods for the rational use of resources, breed cattle for beef production in the Lower Volga region. An abstract of doctor of agricultural Science dissertation, Volgograd, Russian Federation.

Kaydulina, A.A., Pen’kova, I.N. (2011). Meat efficiency and environmental safety of cattle fattening in the industrial. Proceedings of the Lower Volga agrouniversity complex: Science and Higher Vocational Education, 2(22), 117−123.

López-Alonso, M. (2012). Trace minerals and livestock: Not too much not too little. ISRN Veterinary Science, 18. DOI: 10.5402/2012/704825.

Osadchenko, I.M., Gorlov, I.F., Pen’kova, I.N. & Rivnyak T.T. (2004). Patent RUS 2251450 29.03.2004. Moscow: R.F.

Pen’kova, I.N., Rivnyak, T.T., Onstratenko, N.V. (2005). Ecological aspects of milk production in a suburban area of Volgograd. Animal Husbandry, 6, 20−24.

Pen’kova, I. N., Mishina, O. Y., Onistratenko, N.V. (2013). Meat yield and mineral composition of muscle tissue of cattle fattening in the industrial. Proceedings of Nizhnvolzhskiy agrouniversity complex: science and higher vocational education (pp. 128−134).

Thornton, Ph. K. (2010). Livestock production: recent trends, future prospects. Philos Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci., 365(1554), 2853–2867. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0134.

Wanapat, M., Kang, S., Khejornsart, P. & Wanapat S. (2013). Effects of plant herb combination supplementation on rumen fermentation and nutrient digestibility in beef cattle. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci., 26(8), 1127−1136. DOI: 10.5713/ajas.2013.13013.

Zelepukhin, A.G. & Levahin V.I. (2000). Beef cattle. Orenburg, Russian Federation: Publishing House of the Orenburg State University.

Ekológia (Bratislava)

The Journal of Institute of Landscape Ecology of Slovak Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.52

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.211
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.324

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 201 201 12
PDF Downloads 105 105 6