Classification of Land Use Changes (Model Area: Nitra Town)

Open access


This paper deals with the new classification of land use changes. We chose Nitra town in Slovakia as a model area. We examined changes of land use for the period 2003-2013. The main result of this work is a table for types of land use changes and a map that shows the location of these changes in Nitra town. Nitra is constantly expanding its area and it is also significantly changing within its borders. Agriculturally used surroundings of the town are being transformed into build-up areas and industrial parks. This transformation causes a loss of agricultural land and vegetation, in general. Agriculture in this region has been gradually declining and disappearing in the past years. On the other side, urbanisation, technicisation and industrialisation are highly supported

Antrop, M. (2005). Why landscapes of the past are important for the future. Landsc. Urban Plann., 70(1−2), 21−34. doi :10.1016/j.landurbplan.2003.10.002.

Baus, P., Kovač, U., Pauditšova, E., Kohutkova, I. & Komornik J. (2014). Identification of interconnections between landscape pattern and urban dynamics - Case study Bratislava, Slovakia. Ecological Indicators. 42, 104−111. doi : 10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.12.011.

Bičik, I. & Jančak V. (2006). Czech agriculture in the integrating Europe. Acta Geographica Universitatis Comenianae, 48, 155-165.

Blažik, T., Falťan, V., Tarasovičova, Z. & Saksa M. (2011). Land use changes in chosen districts of various productive agricultural regions in the context of transformational processes (in Slovak). Geografický Časopis, 63(4), 301−323.

Bojnec, Š. (2011). Land Markets in the EU Candidate Countries of Croatia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey. In Factor markets working paper No. 1. Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies.

Boltižiar, M. & Chrastina P. (2008). Land-use changes of the low land agricultural landscape on the example of the Nove Sady village (in Slovak). Geoinformation, 4, 16−35.

Bugar, G., Petrovič, F., Boltižiar, M., Hreško, J. & Vereš J. (2006). Interpretation of changes in secondary landscape structure in relation to biodiversity (in Slovak). In Krajina Nitry a jej okolia (pp. 56−61). Uvodna etapa vyskumu.Nitra: UKF.

Cebecauerova, M. (2007). Analysis and assessment of changes of landscape structure (case study of selected part lowland Borska nižina and the mountains Male Karpaty) (in Slovak). Geographia Slovaca, 24, 147 pp.

Csaki, C. & Lerman Z. (2000). Structural change in the farming sectors in Central and Eastern Europe. Lessons for EU accession. In Second World Bank/FAO Workshop. 27-29 June 1999. World Bank Technical Paper No. 465.Washington: The World Bank.

čeman, R. et al. (2007). Atlas Slovak Republic (in Slovak). Bratislava: Mapa Slovakia Plus.

Davis, J.C. & Henderson J.V. (2003). Evidence on the political economy of the urbanization process. Journal of Urban Economics, 53(1), 98−125. doi :10.1016/S0094-1190(02)00504-1.

Druga, M. & Falťan V. (2014). Influence of environmental drivers on the land cover structure and its long-term changes - case study of Malachov and Podkonice villages in Slovakia. Moravian Geographical Reports, 22(3), 29−41. DOI: 10.2478/mgr-2014-0016.

Falťan, V., Banovsky, M. & Blažek M. (2011). Evaluation of land cover changes after extraordinary windstorm by using the land cover metrics: a case study on the high Tatras foothill. Geografie, 116(2), 156-171.

Feranec, J., Solin, L., Kopecka, M., Otaheľ, J., Kupkova, L., Štych, P., Bičik, I., Kolar, J., Čerba, O., Soukup, T. & Brodsky, L. (2014). Analysis and expert assessment of the semantic similarity between land cover classes. Progress in Physical Geography, 38(3), 301−327. DOI: 10.1177/0309133314532001.

Hartvigsen, M. (2014). Land reform and land fragmentation in Central and Eastern Europe. Land Use Policy, 36, 330−341. doi :10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.08.016.

Havliček, M., Krejčikova, B., Chrudina, Z. & Svoboda J. (2012). Long-term land use development and changes in streams of the Kyjovka, Svratka and Vělička river basins (Czech Republic). Moravian Geographical Records, 20(1), 28−42.

Havliček, M. & Chrudina Z. (2013). Long-term land use changes in relation to selected relief characteristics in Western Carpathians and Western Pannonian basin - case study from Hodonin District (Czech Republic).Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 8(3), 231−244.

Hreško, J., Pucherova, Z., Balaž, I., Rybaničova, J. et al. (2006). Landscape of Nitra and its surroundings (initial stage of research) (in Slovak). Nitra: FPV UKF.

Ivanova, M., Michaeli, E. & Boltižiar M. (2013). Analysis of changes in the spatial structure of land cover (case study in the territory north of the Zemplinska Širava reservoir) (in Slovak). Geografický Časopis, 65(3), 235−250.

Jarsky, V. & Pulkrab K. (2013). Analysis of EU support for managed succession of agricultural land in the Czech Republic. Land Use Policy, 35, 237−246. doi :10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.05.020.

Kalivoda, H., Petrovič, F., Kalivodova, E. & Kurthy A. (2010). Influence of the landscape structure on the butterfly (Lepidoptera, Hesperioidea and Papilionoidea) and bird (Aves) taxocoenoses in Veľke Levare (SW Slovakia).Ekológia (Bratislava), 29(4), 337−359. DOI: 10.4149/ekol_2010_04_337.

Kanianska, R., Kizekova, M., Novaček, J. & Zeman M. (2014). Land-use and land-cover changes in rural areas during different political systems: A case study of Slovakia from 1782 to 2006. Land Use Policy, 36, 554−566. doi :10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.09.018.

Kopecka, M. & Rosina K. (2014). I | Identification of changes in urbanized landscape based on VHR satellite data: Study area of Trnava (in Slovak). Geografický Časopis, 66(3), 247−267.

Krnačova, Z., Hreško, J., Kanka, R. & Boltižiar M. (2013). The evaluation of ecological factors affecting environmental functions of the soils in area of traditional Agrarian structures. Ekológia (Bratislava), 32(2), 248−261. DOI: 10.2478/eko-2013-0021.

Lieskovsky, J., Kanka, R., Bezak, P., Štefunkova, D., Petrovič, F. & Dobrovodska M. (2013). Driving forces behind vineyard abandonment in Slovakia following the move to a market-oriented economy. Land Use Policy, 32, 356−365. doi :10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.11.010.

Lieskovsky, J., Kenderessy, P., Špulerova, J., Lieskovsky, T., Koleda, P., Kienast, F. & Gimmi U. (2014). Factors affecting the persistence of traditional agricultural landscapes in Slovakia during the collectivization of agriculture.Landsc. Ecol., 29, 867−877. DOI: 10.1007/s10980-014-0023-1.

Mederly, P. & Halada Ľ. (1995). Territorial system of ecological stability - town Nitra, phase of analyses end evaluations (in Slovak). Nitra: Regioplan.

Mišovičova, R. (2008). Landscape-ecological assumptions of the development of Nitra and its contact area (in Slovak).Nitra: UKF.

Mojses, M. & Petrovič F. (2013). Land use changes of historical structures in the agricultural landscape at the local level - Hriňova case study. Ekológia (Bratislava), 32(1), 1−12. DOI: 10.2478/eko-2013-0001.

Muchova, Z., Dumbrovsky, M., Vachal, J., Ručkova, A. & Vachalova R. (2010). Long-term evolution of the landscape highlighted by descriptive statistics (in Slovak). Littera Scripta, 3(1−2), 190−203.

Munteanu, C., Kuemmerle, T., Boltižiar, M., Van Butsic-Gimmi, U., Halada, L., Kaim, D., Kiraly,G., Konkoly-Gyuro, E., Kozak, J., Lieskovsky, J., Mojses, M., Muller, D., Ostafin, K., Ostapowicz, K., Shandra, O., Štych, P., Walker, S. & Radeloff V.C. (2014). Forest and agricultural land change in the Carpathian region-A meta-analysis of longterm patterns and drivers of change. Land Use Policy, 38, 685-697. doi : 10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.01.012.

Petrovič, F. (2006). The changes of the landscape with dispersed settlement. Ekológia (Bratislava), 25(1), 65−89.

Petrovič, F., Bugar, G. & Hreško J. (2009). The list of landscape elements mappable at the area of Slovakia (in Slovak).GeoInformation, 5, 112-124.

Pucherova, Z., Boltižiar, M., Derneš, S., Hreško, J., Mišovičova, R., Ružička, M. & Tuharska K. (2007). Secondary landscape structure (Methodical guide to mapping) (in Slovak). Nitra: FPV UKF.

Skokanova, H., Havliček, M., Borovec, R., Demek, J., Eremiašova, R., Chrudina, Z., Mackovčin, P., Ryskova, R., Slavik, P., Stranska, T. & Svoboda J. (2012). Development of land use and main land use change processes in the period 1836-2006: case study in the Czech Republic. Journal of Maps, 8(1), 88−96. DOI: 10.1080/17445647.2012.668768.

Šebo, D. & Kopecka M. (2014). Abandonment of agricultural landscape after 1989: A case study from the Považie Region, Slovakia. Geografický Časopis, 66(4), 323−339.

Štych, P. (2011). Comparative analysis of the impact of slope inclination and altitude on long-term land use changes in Czechia. AUC Geographica, 46(1), 71−76.

Tarasovičova, Z., Saksa, M., Blažik, T. & Falťan V. (2013). Changes in agricultural land use in the context of ongoing transformational processes in Slovakia. Agriculture, 59(2), 49−64. DOI: 10.2478/agri-2013-0006.

Vereš, J. (2006). Secondary landscape structure of selected cadastral areas of Nitra town, villages Lužianky, Ivanka pri Nitre and Štitare (in Slovak). RNDr work. Nitra: KEE FPV UKF.

Ekológia (Bratislava)

The Journal of Institute of Landscape Ecology of Slovak Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.52

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.211
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.324


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 155 155 24
PDF Downloads 88 88 8