An Analysis of Occupational Incidents, Prioritization of Factors Causing These by Using Multi Criteria Decision Making Methods and Identification of Ways for Reducing These: Case Study in Oil and Gas Fields

Open access

Abstract

The aim of the Occupational Health and Safety studies conducted in the oil and gas sector is; to protect workers and to ensure occupational safety in works performed on drilling fields. The aforementioned studies of the companies operating in this field in Turkey are inadequate and are not given due importance to. In such companies, occupational incidents become inevitable for that reason. A vast number of studies have been conducted in many other countries around the world to reduce the number of occupational incidents, and those have led to a substantial reduction in those incidents. In Turkey, it is necessary to take measures to reduce the number of occupational incidents in the oil and gas sector. In this study, occupational incidents occurred in the company investigated as a case study and the other occupational incidents occurred in similar companies and the measures taken to reduce them have been discussed in detail. This study aims to explain what occupational incidents occur in the sector, what the root causes of them are and how to reduce the occupational incidents by taking measures.

[1] Arnold, I. M., Dufresne, R. M., Alleyne, B. C., & Stuart, P. J. (1985). Health implication of occupational exposures to hydrogen sulfide. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 27(5), 373-376.

[2] Bamberger, M., & Oswald, R. E. (2012). Impacts of gas drilling on human and animal health. New solutions: a journal of environmental and occupational health policy, 22(1), 51-77.

[3] Bull, N., Riise, T., & Moen, B. E. (2002). Work‐related injuries and occupational health and safety factors in smaller enterprises-a prospective study. Occupational Medicine, 52(2), 70-74.

[4] Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Charts, 1992-2012. Retrieved May 3, 2017 from www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfch0011.pdf.

[5] Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved May, 21, 2017, from https://www.bts.gov/

[6] Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. Retrieved April 12, 2017, from https://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/safety_haz/falls.html

[7] Cooper, C. L., & Sutherland, V. J. (1987). Job stress, mental health, and accidents among offshore workers in the oil and gas extraction industries. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 29(2), 119-125.

[8] E&E News. Retrieved May, 21, 2017, from https://www.eenews.net/stories/1060007532

[9] Formulas For Calculating Rates. Retrieved April 14, 2017, from http://www.nmmcc.com/wpcontent/uploads/FORMULAS_for_CALCULATING_RATES1.pdf

[10] Gardner, R. O. N. (2003). Overview and characteristics of some occupational exposures and health risks on offshore oil and gas installations. Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 47(3), 201-210.

[11] Graham, J., Irving, J., Tang, X., Sellers, S., Crisp, J., Horwitz, D., ... & Carey, D. (2015). Increased traffic accident rates associated with shale gas drilling in Pennsylvania. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 74, 203-209.

[12] Høivik, D., Moen, B. E., Mearns, K., & Haukelid, K. (2009). An explorative study of health, safety and environment culture in a Norwegian petroleum company. Safety Science, 47(7), 992-1001.

[13] Hall, A. (1993). The corporate construction of occupational health and safety: A labour process analysis. Canadian Journal of Sociology/Cahiers canadiens de sociologie, 1-20.

[14] Hermanus, M. A. (2007). Occupational health and safety in mining-status, new developments, and concerns. Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 107(8), 531-538.

[15] Hill, R. (2012). Improving safety and health in the oil and gas extraction industry through research and partnerships. Presentation at the MAP ERC Energy Summit, April 12, Denver.

[16] Hovden, J., Lie, T., Karlsen, J. E., & Alteren, B. (2008). The safety representative under pressure. A study of occupational health and safety management in the Norwegian oil and gas industry. Safety Science, 46(3), 493-509.

[17] Hwang, C.L. & K. Yoon, (1981). Multiple attribute decision making lecture notes in economics and mathematical systems 186, Springer-Verlag, Berlin

[18] IADC. Retrieved May 3, 2017, from http://www.iadc.org/isp/iadc-2015-isp-program-annual-report-index/

[19] Ic, Y. T., Tekin, M., Pamukoglu, F. Z., & Yildirim, S. E. (2015). Development of a financial performance benchmarking model for corporate firms. Journal of The Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 30(1), 71-85.

[20] Industrial Safety and Hygiene News. Retrieved May, 21, 2017, from

[21] http://www.ishn.com/articles/99017-protect-oil-gas-workers-from-noise-confined-spaces-respiratory-fall-risks.

[22] Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities. Retrieved April 14, 2017, from https://www.bls.gov/iif/osheval.htm

[23] International Labour Organization. Retrieved April 12, 2017, from http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/ed_dialogue/sector/documents/publication/wcms_438074.pdf.

[24] Kamerzell, R., Samuel, P. A. I. K., Jennifer, K. A. P. P., Harrington, D., & Swuste, P. (2010). Risk level based management system: a control banding model for occupational health and safety risk management in a highly regulated environment. Industrial health, 48(1), 18-28.

[25] Laflamme, L., & Menckel, E. (1995). Aging and occupational accidents a review of the literature of the last three decades. Safety Science, 21(2), 145-161.

[26] Lingard, H., & Rowlinson, S. M. (2005). Occupational health and safety in construction project management. Taylor & Francis.

[27] Mearns, K., & Flin, R. (1995). Risk perception and attitudes to safety by personnel in the offshore oil and gas industry: a review. Journal of loss prevention in the process industries, 8(5), 299-305

[28] Mearns, K., & Ivar Håvold, J. (2003). Occupational health and safety and the balanced scorecard. The TQM Magazine, 15(6), 408-423.

[29] Mearns, K., Whitaker, S. M., & Flin, R. (2003). Safety climate, safety management practice and safety performance in offshore environments. Safety science, 41(8), 641-680.

[30] Mulloy, K., B. (Editors: Angus, J. C., Percy, S. W., & Saylor, B. Z.). (2014). Summer issue of the bridge on shale gas: Promises and challenges. The Linking Engineering And Society, 44(2), p. 41-47.

[31] Olson, D.L., Comparison of three multicriteria methods to predict know outcomes, European Journal of Operational Research, 130 (3) (2001), pp. 576-587

[32] OSHA IMIS Database.

[33] Retrieved May, 21, 2017, from https://www.osha.gov/pls/imis/establishment.html.

[34] Parkes, K. R. (1998). Psychosocial aspects of stress, health and safety on North Sea installations. Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health, 321-333.

[35] Rathnayaka, S., Khan, F., & Amayotte, P. (2013). Accident modeling and risk assessment framework for safety critical decision-making: application to deepwater drilling operation. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part O: Journal of risk and reliability, 227(1), 86-105.

[36] Rena, S. (2008). Facts and Data On Environmental Risks-Oil & Gas Drilling Operations By S. Rana, M. Eng., PE. In SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition. Society of Petroleum Engineers.

[37] Resolution concerning the measurement of employment-related income. Retrieved April 14, 2017, from http://www.ilo.org/global/statistics-and-databases/standards-and-guidelines/resolutions-adopted-byinternational-conferences-of-labour-statisticians/WCMS_087490/lang--en/index.htm

[38] Rundmo, T. (1994). Associations between safety and contingency measures and occupational accidents on offshore petroleum platforms. Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health, 128-131.

[39] SGK 2015 Data. Retrieved April 13, 2017, from http://www.sgk.gov.tr/wps/portal/sgk/tr/kurumsal/istatistik/sgk_istatistik_yilliklari

[40] Shikdar, A. A., & Sawaqed, N. M. (2004). Ergonomics, and occupational health and safety in the oil industry: a managers' response. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 47(2), 223-232.

[41] Skogdalen, J. E., Utne, I. B., & Vinnem, J. E. (2011). Developing safety indicators for preventing offshore oil and gas deepwater drilling blowouts. Safety science, 49(8), 1187-1199.

[42] Skogdalen, J. E., & Vinnem, J. E. (2012). Quantitative risk analysis of oil and gas drilling, using deepwater horizon as case study. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 100, 58-66.

[43] Sneddon, A., Mearns, K., & Flin, R. (2013). Stress, fatigue, situation awareness and safety in offshore drilling crews. Safety Science, 56, 80-88.

[44] Sparks, K., Faragher, B., & Cooper, C. L. (2001). Well‐being and occupational health in the 21st century workplace. Journal of occupational and organizational psychology, 74(4), 489-509.

[45] The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved April 12, 2017, from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6420a4.htm

[46] United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved April 12, 2017, from https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/osh/os/osch0057.pdf.

[47] U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved April 14, 2017, from http://www.bls.gov/iag/tgs/iag211.htm

[48] U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Retrieved April 14, 2017, from https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/oilgaswelldrilling/.

[49] Xu, Q. C., Liu, Q. L., Hou, W., Pu, G., & Wang, W. D. (2007). Discussion on Sichuan Gas Drilling Technology. Natural Gas Industry, 27(3), 60Yoon, K., (1987). A reconciliation among discrete compromise solutions. Journal of Operational Research Society, 38 (3), 272-286.

[50] Yu. P.L. (1973). A class of solutions for group decision problems, Management Science, 19 (8) 936-946.

[51] K. Yoon, A reconciliation among discrete compromise solutions Journal of Operational Research Society, 38 (3) (1987), pp. 272-286

[52] Zanko, M., & Dawson, P. (2012). Occupational health and safety management in organizations: A review. International Journal of Management Reviews, 14(3), 328-344.

[53] Zeleny, M.. (1982). Multiple Criteria Decision Making, McGraw-Hill, New York

[54] Zimolong, B., & Elke, G. (2006). Occupational health and safety management. Handbook of human factors and ergonomics, 673-707.

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 72 72 12
PDF Downloads 19 19 7