Occupational Choices of Romanian Rural Youth

Open access

Abstract

This paper tries to identify the main factors influencing the decisions related to occupational choices of rural youth from Cluj County, Romania, thus contributing to a better understanding of the problems and opportunities of Romanian rural communities. In order to achieve this, the results of two surveys are compared: the first one was carried out in 2007 and the second in 2011. The two surveys adopted the same methodology, thus allowing us to test the stability of the outcomes over a period of four years and highlight the main changes occurring in that period. In 2011 information was collected also regarding the current situation of young people belonging to the first generation, thus the cross-sectional analysis has been completed with a longitudinal analysis. Results show that the educational choices of rural youth from Cluj County were not essentially modified in the period 2007-2011, but there is a growing uncertainty regarding their future profession. Most of them want to work in the services sector, the preference for agriculture remaining low and there is a clear and persistent gender division among chosen professions. The main factors identified as having an influence on continuing education are: gender (more girls opting for continuing education than boys), school results and parents’ attitude towards education. Based on the conclusions of the analysis, some policy implications are also discussed.

Berryman, S. E, Gove, A., Sapatoru, D. and Tirca, A., 2007. ‘Evaluation of the World Bank’s Assistance to Basic Education in Romania. A.C ountry Case Study’, Washington DC : The World Bank.

Ciucă, S., Parciog, S., Lincaru, C., Mladen, L. and Militaru, E., 2006. ‘Elemente definitorii ale Planului Naţional de Dezvoltare 2007-2013’ [Defining elements of the National Development Plan 2007-2013], Probleme Economice. Vol. 214-217: 164-183.

Ekes, I., 2007. ‘Munkaerő-piaci kilatasok’ [‘Labour market prospects’], Statisztikai Szemle. Vol. 85(4): 304-308.

Fazakas, K. and Kezdi, K., 2007. The Hungarian Labour Market. Review and Analysis 2007, Budapest: Institute of Economics HAS & Hungarian Employment Foundation.

Fekete, E. and Velkey, G., 2002. A tartos munkanelkuliseg kezelese videki tersegekben [Managing long-term unemployment in rural areas]. Miskolc-Pecs: MTA Centre for Regional Studies.

Fieldsend, A., 2011. ‘Rural Europe 2+2+: A.conceptual framework for a rural employment policy’, Studies in Agricultural Economics. Vol. 113/2011: 145-151.

Jakimovski, J., 2010. ‘The Socio-Demographic Context of Rural Poverty’, Eastern European Countryside. Vol. 16: 131-155.

Jasz, K., ‘Poverty and Social Exclusion in the Rural Areas of Hungary’, Eastern European Countryside. Vol. 16: 157-174.

Kapitany, Zs., Molnar, Gy. and Virag, I.(eds), 2005. Haztartasok a tudas- es munkapiacon [Households on the knowledge and labour market]. Budapest: MTA KTI.

Katonane Kovacs, J. 2011 ‘Gondolatok a L EADER programrol.’ [‘Thoughts about the LEADER program’], A Falu. Vol. XXVI(3-4): 27-36.

Kerekes, K., 2007. Employment opportunities for people living in rural areas. In: Kerekes, K. (ed.), 2007. Competitiveness and European Integration. International Conference. Regional and Rural Economics. Cluj-Napoca: Alma-Mater.

Kerekes, K. and Vincze, M., 2009. Dilemmas of Rural Development in Europe and Romania. In: Deltuvas, R. (ed.): Proceedings of the Fourth International Scientific Conference Rural Development 2009. Kaunas: Lithuanian University of Agriculture. Vol. 4 (Book 1): 68-73.

Kertesi, G. and Varga, J., 2005. ‘Foglalkoztatas es iskolazottsag Magyarorszagon’ [‘Employment and education in Hungary’]. Kozgazdasagi Szemle. Vol.LII (7-8): 633-662.

NIS 2005 ‘Structura resurselor de muncă la recensămintele din 1992 şi 2002’ [‘The structure of labour resources in 1992 and 2002 Censuses’]. Bucharest: National Institute of Statistics.

NIS 2012 Romanian National Institute of Statistics Tempo Online database, www. insse.ro.

OECD 2009 ‘Tackling the Jobs Crisis. The Labour Market and Social Policy Response. OECD Labour and Employment Ministerial Meeting’. Paris: OECD Publishing

Oláh, J., 2010 ‘Analysis of North Great Plain Region’s labour markets of Karcag and Hajduszoboszlo’, Agrar- es Videkfejlesztesi Szemle. Vol. 5(1): 444-449.

Oláh, J. and Pakurar, M., 2011. Analysis of six Hungarian and six EU-funded research projects. In: Eder, M. and Pochtrager, S. (ed.) Jahrbuch der Osterreichischen Gesellschaft fur Agrarokonomie. Vienna: Facultas Werlag http://oega.boku. ac.at Vol. 19(2): 149-160.

Vincze, M., Kerekes, K. and Albert, E., 2005 Impact of CAP on Rural Employment. Case Study: Cluj County. In: Vincze, M. (ed.) The Impact of European Integration on the National Economy. International Conference. Regional and Rural Economics. Cluj-Napoca: Risoprint.

World Bank 2008 ‘Romania Poverty Monitoring Analytical and Advisory Assistance Program. Labor Market Vulnerabilities’ Report No. 47487-RO , Washington DC : The World Bank.

Eastern European Countryside

The Journal of Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.182
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.596



CiteScore 2017: 0.35

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.205
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.665

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 148 133 10
PDF Downloads 59 54 4