Reconstruction of Dynamics of SO2 Concentration in Troposphere Based on Results of Direct Measurements

Open access


A method for the reconstruction of the dynamics of processes with discrete time, developed in our previous papers, has been applied for study the dynamics of concentration of sulfur dioxide in lower troposphere. For the analysis, recordings of sulfur dioxide concentration from four measurement stations located in Poland (two of them has been located in huge cities and two in rarely inhabited regions) were used. We managed to obtain the deterministic and stochastic component of this dynamics. In result, we estimate the lifetime of sulfur dioxide in troposphere and the increase of sulfur dioxide concentration influenced by anthropogenic sources.

[1] Seinfeld JH, Pandis SN. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons; 2016. ISBN: 9781118947401.

[2] Stern AC, editor. Fundamentals of Air Pollution. New York: Academic Press; 2014. ISBN: 9780123736154.

[3] Smith KR, Bruce N, Balakrishnan K, Adair-Rohani H, Balmes J, Chafe Z, et al. Millions dead: How do we know and what does it mean? methods used in the comparative risk assessment of household air pollution. Ann Rev Public Health. 2014;35:185-206. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-publhealth-032013-182356.

[4] Sunyer J, Urban air pollution and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a review. European Respiratory J. 2001;17(5):1024-1033.

[5] Petelczyc M, Żebrowski JJ, Gac JM. Extraction of stochastic dynamics from time series. Phys Rev E. 2012;86:011114, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.86.011114.

[6] Olszowski T. Seasonal values of the gaseous concentrations of air quality ratings in a background area. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2013;20(4):719-732. DOI: 10.2478/eces-2013-0050.

[7] Hosseiniebalam F, Ghaffarpasand O. The effects of emission sources and meteorological factors on sulphur dioxide concentration of Great Isfahan, Iran. Atmos Environ. 2015;100:94-101. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.10.012.

[8] Meng Z-Y, Xu X-B, Wang T, Zhang X-Y, Yu X-L, Wang S-F, et al. Ambient sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and ammonia at ten background and background sites in China during 2007-2008. Atmos Environ. 2010;44:2625-2631. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.04.008.

[9] Lee C, Martin RV, van Donkelaar A, Lee H, Dickerson RR, Hains JC, et al. SO2 emissions and lifetimes: Estimates from inverse modeling using in situ and global, space-based (SCIAMACHY and OMI) observations. J Geophys Res. 2011;116:D06304. DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014758.

[10] Khoder MI. Atmospheric conversion of sulfur dioxide to particulate sulfate and nitrogen dioxide to particulate nitrate and gaseous nitric acid in an urban area. Chemosphere. 2002;49:675-684. DOI: 10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00391-0.

[11] Herrmann H, Ervens B, Jacobi H-W, Wolke R, Nowacki P, Zellner R. CAPRAM2.3: A chemical aqueous phase radical mechanism for tropospheric chemistry. J Atmos Chem. 2000;36:231-284. DOI: 10.1023/A:1006318622743.

[12] Hoigné J, Bader H, Haag WR, Staehelin J. Rate constants of reactions of ozone with organic and inorganic compounds in water. III - Inorganic compounds and radicals. Water Res. 1985;19:993-1004. DOI: 10.1016/0043-1354(85)90368-9.

[13] McArdle JV, Hoffmann MR. Kinetics and mechanism of the oxidation of aquated sulfur dioxide by hydrogen peroxide at low pH. J Phys Chem. 1983;87:5425-5429. DOI: 10.1021/j150644a024.

[14] Lind JA, Lazrus AL. Aqueous-phase oxidation of sulfur(IV) by some organic peroxides. Eos Trans. 1983;64:670-675. DOI: 10.1029/JD092iD04p04171.

[15] Lind JA, Lazrus AL, Kok GL. Aqueous phase oxidation of sulfur(IV) by hydrogen peroxide, methyl hydroperoxide and peroxyacetic acid. J Geophys Res. 1987;92:4171-4177. DOI: 10.1029/JD092iD04p04171.

[16] Misra CD, Khanooja PS, Sharma AK, Mudgal PK, Bansal SP, Gupta KS. Studies on rainwater and dry depositions at Jaipur, India. J Ind Chem Soc. 2013;90:1137-1146.

[17] Zhang L, Brook JR, Vet R. A revised parameterization for gaseous dry deposition in air-quality models. Atmos Chem Phys. 2003;3:2067-2082. DOI: 10.5194/acp-3-2067-2003.

[19] Durbin J, Watson GS. Testing for serial correlation in least squares regression, I. Biometrika 1950;37:409-428. DOI: 10.1093/biomet/37.3-4.409.

[20] Welch BL. The generalization of “Student’s” problem when several different population variances are involved. Biometrika. 1947;34:28-35. DOI: 10.1093/biomet/34.1-2.28.

Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S

The Journal of Society of Ecological Chemistry and Engineering

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1,467
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1,226

CiteScore 2018: 1.47

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.352
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.907


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 132 132 20
PDF Downloads 100 100 6