Greenhouse study on the influence of natural biostimulators and fertilizers on improving bean plants growth and microbial activity in oil-polluted soil

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The presence of oil hydrocarbons and salts in soils has as consequence the poor growth of plants due to the low availability of nutrients caused by unappropriate water regime, increased soil toxicity and the deterioration of soil structure. The present research has as main purpose the improvement of the bean plants (cultivar UNIDOR) growth and to stimulate microbial activity in rhizosphere using various natural stimulators and fertilizers (AMALGEROL,VERMIPLANT, POCO, IGUANA and FORMULEX) in greenhouse experiments on oil-polluted soil from Icoana farm, Olt county. The total counts of microorganisms (heterotrophic aerobic bacteria and filamentous fungi) were estimated by dilution plate method. The global microbial activity was measured as soil respiration by substrate-induced respiration method. Total bean plants biomass accumulation significantly increased under the influence of natural stimulators and fertilizers added (excepting IGUANA) when compared to untreated control. The best results were recorded for VERMIPLANT. Natural products induced activation of physiological activities of soil microbiota reflected in increased values of CO2 released by respiration, lower levels of colonization with phytopathogenic species, the domination of fluorescent pseudomonads, actinomycetes and cellulolytic fungi, too. The particular aspect of paper circular chromatograms reflected qualitative differences between rhizosphere soils determined by the effect of treatments with natural stimulators and fertilizers.

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