Comenius’ ethics: from the heart to the world

Open access

Abstract

This paper deals with the ethical views of the 17th century Czech thinker Jan Amos Komenský, also known as Johann Amos Comenius. Comeniologic studies are focused on different aspects of his contribution to education, theology and philosophy but surprisingly there are only a few studies on his ethical standpoints. Jan Patočka classified Comenius’s work in three periods: prepansophic, pansophic and panorthotic. Here the focus is on the panorthotic works in order to trace the different conceptions of ethics, virtue and other ethical concepts specially the virtue of prudence (prudentia/phronesis). Furthermore, to have a broader perspective, a short analysis of his prepansophic period book The Labyrinth of the World and the Paradise of the Heart is also included in order to contrast the evolution of the concept of prudence and the ethical sphere in his world-view. The methodology is based on conceptual analysis, the contrast of different references to ethics in his late period books. At the same time, this work is an attempt to extract secular elements for understanding his ethics, although the organic link between philosophy, theology and politics is recognized in his thought.

ANDREAE, J. V. (2007): Christianopolis: An Ideal of the 17th Century, trans. by F. E. Held. New York: Cosimo Classics.

ARISTOTLE (2011): Nicomachean Ethics, trans. by R. C. Bartlett & S. D. Collins. Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press.

ARISTOTLE (2007): Metaphysics, trans. by J. H. McMahon. Mineola, New York: Dover Publications Inc.

BACON, F. (2017): The New Atlantis and the Great Instauration, ed. by J. Weinberger. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.

CAMPANELLA, T. (1834): Poesie filosofiche [Philosophical Poems], ed. by G. G. Orelli. Lugano: G. Ruggia e C.

CAMPANELLA, T. (1963): La cittá del sole [City of the Sun], ed. by B. Widmar. Milan: Rizzoli.

CAMPANELLA, T. (1998): La Política [Politics], trans. by M. G. García. Barcelona: Altaya.

COMENIUS, J. A. (1777): Orbis Sensualium Pictus [A World of Things Obvious to the Senses, drawn in Pictures]. London: S. Leacroft

COMENIUS, J. A. (1961): Via Lucis/Cesta světla [The Way of the Light]. Prague: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství.

COMENIUS, J. A. (1966): De rerum humanarum emendatione consultatio catholica [General Consultation Concerning the Improvement of Human Affairs]. Prague: Academia.

COMENIUS, J. A. (1998): The Labyrinth of the World and the Paradise of the Heart. Mahwah: Paulist Press.

COMENIUS, J. A. (2009): Janua Linguae Latinae Reserata Aurea [The Golden Door to the Latin Language Unlocked]. Budapest: Országos Széchényi Könyvtár.

CORBIN, H. (2014): Avicenna and the Visionary Recital. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

ČERVENKA, J. (1969): Die Grundlagen der pansofischen Idee des Johann Amos Comenius [The Foundations of the Pansophic Idea of J. A. Comenius]. In: Acta Comeniana, 25(1), pp. 77–85.

ČERVENKA, J. (1979): Die Weltenschichten bei Campanella und Comenius [The Worldlayers by Campanella and Comenius]. In: Acta Comeniana, 28(4), pp. 117–157.

ČÍŽEK, J. (2016) : The Conception of Man in the Works of John Amos Comenius. Frankfurt & Berlin: Peter Lang.

ČYŽEVSKYJ, D. (1953): Comenius’ Labyrinth of the World: Its Themes and their Sources. In: Harvard Slavic Studies, 1, pp. 83–135.

HÁBL, J. (2011): Character Formation: A Forgotten Theme of Comenius’s Didactics. In: Journal of Education and Christian Belief, 15(2), pp. 3–16.

KIŠŠ, I. (2009): The Concept of Paradise as the Theological Starting Point for Comenius’ Pedagogy. In: S. Chocholová (ed.): Johannes Amos Comenius: The Legacy to the Culture of Education. Prague: Academia, pp. 104–111.

PASCOE, L. B. (1973): Jean Gerson: Principles of Church Reform. Leiden: Brill.

PATOČKA, J. (1997): Komeniologické studie I. [Comeniological studies I], ed. by V. Schifferová. Praha: OIKOYMENH.

PEUCKERT, W. E. (1928): Die Rosenkreuzer. Zur Geschichte einer Reformation [The Rosicrucians: On the History of a Reformation]. Jena: E. Diederichs.

PICO DELLA MIRANDOLA, G. (1998): On the Dignity of Man, transl. by Ch. G. Wallis. Indianapolis & Cambridge: Hackett.

PRÁZNÝ, A. (2016): Comenius’ Concept of Politics. In: W. Goris, M. A. Meyer & V. Urbánek (eds.): Gewalt sei ferne den Dingen! Contemporary Perspectives on the Works of John Amos Comenius. Wiesbaden: Springer, pp. 357–367.

SOUDILOVÁ, V. (1989): Drei Bemerkungen zur Komenskýs Ethik [Three Notes on Comenius’ Ethics]. In: Acta Comeniana, 32(8), pp. 33–38.

SOUDILOVÁ, V. (1990): Komenský a Seneka [Comenius and Seneca]. In: Studia Comeniana et Historica, 20(41), pp. 106–111.

SOUDILOVÁ, V. (1993): Komenského Mundus moralis [Comenius’ Moral World]. In: I. Šnebergová (ed.): Po cestách naléhavosti myšlení [On the paths of urgency of thinking]. Prague: Filozofický ústav AV ČR, pp. 50–64.

SOUDILOVÁ, V. (1994): K teologickoetickému aspektu Komenského irénismu [On the Theological-Ethical Aspects of Comenius’ Irenicism]. In: Studia Comeniana et Historica, 24(51), pp. 25–29.

ŠOLCOVÁ, K. (forthcoming): Prudentia – Virtus cardinalis. Uvážlivost jako základ Morálního světa J. A. Komenského [Prudence – Cardinal Virtue. Prudence as the Foundation for J. A. Comenius’ Moral World].

WEBER, M. (2013): The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of the Capitalism, trans. S. Kalberg. Chicago & London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.

YATES, F. A. (1972): The Rosicrucian Enlightenment. London & New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Ethics & Bioethics

(in Central Europe)

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 210 210 29
PDF Downloads 93 93 7