Supervenient libertarianism maintains that indeterminism may exist at a supervening agency level, consistent with determinism at a subvening physical level. It seems as if this approach has the potential to break the longstanding deadlock in the free will debate, since it concedes to the traditional incompatibilist that agents can only do otherwise if they can do so in their actual circumstances, holding the past and the laws constant, while nonetheless arguing that this ability is compatible with physical determinism. However, we argue that supervenient libertarianism faces some serious problems, and that it fails to break us free from this deadlock within the free will debate.
Ayer, Alfred J. 1954. Freedom and necessity. In his Philosophical Essays, New York: St Martin’s Press.
Backmann, Marius. 2013. Humean Libertarianism: Outline of a Revisionist Account of the Joint Problem of Free Will, Determinism and Laws of Nature. Heusenstamm: Ontos Verlag.
Berofsky, Bernard. 2002. Ifs, cans, and free will: the issues. In The Oxford Handbook of Free Will, ed. by Robert Kane. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Berofsky, Bernard. 2010. Free will and the mind-body problem. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88: 1-19.
Berofsky, Bernard. 2012. Nature’s Challenge to Free Will. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Campbell. Charles A. 1951. Is ‘freewill’ a pseudo-problem? Mind 60: 441-465.
Capes, Justin. 2013. Mitigating soft compatibilism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87: 640-663.
Chisholm, Roderick. 1964. Human freedom and the self. In Free Will, second edition, ed. By Gary Watson. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Elzein, Nadine. 2013. Basic desert, conceptual revision, and moral justification. Philosophical Explorations 16(2): 212-25.
Fara, Michael. 2008. Masked abilities and compatibilism. Mind 117: 843-865.
Fischer, John Martin. 2006. My way: Essays on Moral Responsibility. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Frankfurt, Harry. 1969. Alternate possibilities and moral responsibility. The Journal of Philosophy 66: 829-839.
Ismael, Jenann. 2013. Causation, free will, and naturalism. In Scientific Metaphysics, ed. by Don Ross and James Ladyman. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ismael, Jenann. 2016. How Physics Makes Us Free. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kane, Robert. 1999. Responsibility, luck, and chance: reflections on free will and indeterminism. The Journal of Philosophy 96: 217-40.
Kenny, Anthony. 1978. Freewill and Responsibility. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Kratzer, Angelika. 1977. What ‘must’ and ‘can’ must and can mean. Linguistics and Philosophy 1: 337-355.
Lehrer, Keith. 1968. Cans without ifs. Analysis 29: 29-32.
Lewis, David. 1981. Are we free to break the laws? Theoria 47: 113-121.
List, Christian. 2014. Free will, determinism, and the possibility of doing otherwise. Noûs 48: 156-178.
List, Christian. Unpublished. What’s wrong with the consequence argument? In Defence of Compatibilist Libertarianism. Presently unpublished manuscript (accessible at url: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/11690/1/ConsequenceArgument.pdf)
List, Christian and Menzies, Peter. 2017. My brain made me do it: the exclusion argument against free will, and what’s wrong with it. In Making a Difference, ed by Helen Beebee, Christopher Hitchcock and Huw Price. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Maier, John. 2015. The agentive modalities. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90: 113-134.
Moore, George E. 1903. Principia Ethica. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pernu, Tuomas. K. 2017. Can physics make us free? Frontiers in Physics 5: 64.
Roskies, Adina L. 2012. Don’t panic: self-authorship without obscure metaphysics. Philosophical Perspectives 26: 233-342.
Schlick, Moritz. 1966. When is a man responsible? In Free Will and Determinism, ed. by Bernard Berofsky. New York: Harper and Row.
Smart, John J. C. 1963. Free will, praise and blame. Mind 70: 291-306.
Smith, Michael. 1997. A theory of freedom and responsibility. Reprinted in his Ethics and the A Priori. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Smith, Michael. 2003. Rational capacities, or: how to distinguish recklessness, weakness, and compulsion. Reprinted in his Ethics and the A Priori. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Speak, Daniel. 2008. Guest editor’s introduction: leading the way. Journal of Ethics 12: 23-128.
Taylor, Christopher, and Dennett, Daniel. 2002. Who’s afraid of determinism? Rethinking causes and possibilities. In The Oxford Handbook of Free Will, ed. by Robert Kane. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
van Inwagen, Peter. 1983. An Essay on Free Will. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
van Inwagen, Peter. 2000. Free will remains a mystery. Philosophical Perspectives 14: 1-20.
van Inwagen, Peter. 2004. Freedom to break the laws. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 28: 336-350.
van Inwagen, Peter. 2008. How to think about the problem of free will. The Journal of Ethics 12: 327-341.
Vargas, Manuel. 2005. The revisionist’s guide to responsibility. Philosophical Studies 125: 399-429.
Vargas, Manuel. 2009. Revisionism about free will: a statement and defense. Philosophical Studies 144: 45-62.
Vihvelin, Kadri. 2000. Libertarian compatibilism. Philosophical Perspectives 14: 139-166.
Vihvelin, Kadri. 2004. Free will demystified: a dispositional account. Philosophical Topics 32: 427-450.
Vihvelin, Kadri. 2011. How to think about the free will/determinism problem. In Carving Nature at its Joints, ed. by Joseph K. Campbell and Michael O’Rourke. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Vihvelin, Kadri. 2013. Causes, Laws, and Free Will: Why Determinism Doesn’t Matter. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.