Comparison of site effect values obtained by HVSR and HVSRN methods for single-station measurements in Tarnówek, South-Western Poland.

Open access


This study compares the HVSR technique (Horizontal to Vertical Spectral Ratio), based on seismic event records, and the HVSRN technique (Horizontal to Vertical Spectral Ratio of Noise) using seismic noise registrations. Both methods allow us to study the amplification phenomenon of a horizontal component of seismic waves when the waves reach loose sediments in subsurface layers. The seismic data were measured at a three-component single seismic station located in the village of Tarnówek, in the Legnica-Głogów Copper District. The results of the study demonstrate that average HVSRN and HVSR maxima can be distinguished: for periods approximately 3.78 s (H/V = 6.2) and 3.969 s (H/V = 8.98) respectively. The evaluated share of the Rayleigh wave component in the recorded values was β = 0.58 and it can be suggested that the Love wave share in surface motion was insignificant. The Love wave share remains unknown.

Atakan K. (2007). The Need for Standardized Approach for Estimating the Local Site Effects Based on Ambient Noise Recordings, Increasing Seismic Safety by Combining Engineering Technologies and Seismological Data, Springer, 3-15.

Bard P.-Y. (1999). Microtremor measurements: a tool for site effect estimation?, State-of-the-art paper, [In:] Second International Symposium on the Effects of Surface Geology on seismic motion, Yokohama, December 1-3, 1998, (eds Irikura, Kudo, Okada & Sasatani), Balkema, 3, 1251-1279.

Bindi D., Marzorati S., Parolai S., Strollo A., Jäckel K. H. (2008). Empirical spectral ratios estimated in two deep sedimentary basins using microseisms recorded by short-period seismometers. Geophysical Journal International, 176, 1, 175-184

Bonnefoy-Claudet S., Cotton F., Bard P.-Y. (2006a). The nature of noise wavesfield and its applications for site effects studies. A literature review, Earth-Science Reviews, 79, 205-227.

Bonnefoy-Claudet S., Cornou C., Bard P.-Y., Corron F., Moczo P., Kristek J., Fäh D. (2006b). H/V ratio: a tool for site effects evaluation. Results from 1-D noise simulations. Geophysical Journal International, 167(2), 827-837.

Delgado J., Lopez Casado C., Giner J., Extevez A., Cuenca A., Molina S. (2000). Microtremors as a Geophysical Exploration Tool: Applications and Limitations. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 157, 1445-1462.

Gosar A., Rošer J., Šket Motnikar B., Zupancic B. (2010). Microtremor study of site effects and soil-structure resonance in the city of Ljublana (central Slovenia), Bull Earthquake Eng., 8, 571-592.

Jasiński A. & Janicki K. (2003). Geologiczne uwarunkowania wpływu składowiska Żelazny Most na wody podziemne (Geological conditions of Żelazny Most landfill impact on groundwater). WUG: Bezpieczeństwo Pracy i Ochrona Środowiska w Górnictwie, 6, 7-10 (in Polish).

Kazimierczyk M. (2002). Parametry drgań powierzchni generowanych wstrząsami górniczymi w Legnicko – Głogowskim Okręgu Miedziowym (The parameters of surface vibration generated by mining tremors in the Legnica - Głogów Copper District). Warsztaty z cyklu „Zagrożenia naturalne w górnictwie”, Mat. Symp., 145-162 (in Polish).

Konno K. & Ohmachi T. (1998). Ground-motion characteristics estimated from spectral ratio between horizontal and vertical components of microtremor. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 88, 1, 228-241.

Lermo J. & Chávez-García F.J. (1993). Site effect evaluation using spectral ratios with only one station. Bulletin of the seismological society of America, 83, 5, 1574-1594.

Lubacha J. (2005) Borehole profile Daniówka (website:

Mendecki M.J., Bieta B., & Mycka, M. (2014). Determination of the resonance frequency–thickness relation based on the ambient seismic noise records from Upper Silesia Coal Basin. Contemporary Trends in Geoscience, 3(1), 41-51.

Miller J. (2005) Borehole profile Tarnówek (website:

Miyadera Y. & Tokimatsu K. (1992). Sampling of surface waves in short period microtremors. Proc., Ann. Meet. JSSMFE, 965-966 (in Japanese with English abstract).

Nakamura, Y. (1989). A method for dynamic characteristics estimation of subsurface using microtremor on the ground surface. Railway Technical Research Institute, Quarterly Reports, 30, 1, 25-33.

Nakamura Y. (2008). On the H/V Spectrum, The 14th World Conference on Erthquake Engineering October 12-17, 2008 Beijing, China.

Nogoshi M. & Igarashi T. (1971). On the Amplitude Characteristics of Microtremor - Part 2 (in Japanese with English abstract), Jour. Seism. Soc. Japan, 24, 26-40.

Olszewska D. (2008). Ocena efektów lokalnych i struktury częstotliwościowej sygnałów sejsmometrycznych dla poprawy dokładności prognozy rozprzestrzeniania drgań wzbudzanych wstrząsami górniczymi w Legnicko-Głogowskim Okręgu Miedziowym (Analysis of site effects and frequency spectrum of signals in order to improvement accuracy of attenuation relation of ground motion caused by mining induced seismic events in Legnica Głogow Copper district) Kraków: Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława Staszica, (PhD Thesis in Polish).

Oros E. (2009). Site effects investigation in the city of Timisoara using spectral ratio methods. Romanian Reports in Physics, 61, 2, 347-358.

SESAME (2003). WP03 – H/V Technique: Data Processing, Report on the Multiplatform H/V Processing Software J-SESAME (Online access: 2015-01-10,

SESAME (2004). Guidelines for the implementation of the H/V spectral ratio technique on ambient vibrations measurements, processing and interpretations. (Online access: 2015-01-10,

Contemporary Trends in Geoscience

The Journal of Uniwersytet Slaski

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 161 161 19
PDF Downloads 82 82 10