Riparian buffer zones on selected rivers in Lower Silesia – an important conservation practice and the management strategy in urban planning

Open access

Abstract

Buffer zones are narrow strips of land lying along the surface water, covered with appropriately selected vegetation. They separate aquatic ecosystems from the direct impact of agricultural land and reduce the movement of nutrients in the environment. In 2008 the European Commission established requirements for the implementation of buffer strips along water courses. Poland committed to the enforcement of these requirements until 1 January 2012. This was one of the reasons of this study. The subject of the analysis included the following rivers in Lower Silesia: Smortawa, Krynka, Czarna Woda and the selected transects of Ślęza and Nysa Łużycka. Detailed studies were designed to estimate the buffer zones occurring on these watercourses and assess these zones’ structure. This will be used to develop clear criteria for the selection of the width of these zones based on land use land management. It can be used in the implementation of executive acts at different levels of space management. Field research consisted of inventory the extent of riparian buffer strips on selected water courses and photographic documentation. Species composition of the vegetation forming a buffer zone was identified by using Braun-Blanquet method. There was lack of continuity of the riparian buffer zones on investigated rivers. Buffer zones should have carefully formulated definition and width because they are element of the significant ecological value, they perform important environmental protective functions and they are also the subject of Community law.

Adynkiewicz-Piragas, M., Krzemińska, A., Tarnowski, K., Wróblewski, T. (2006) Charakterystyka i zróżnicowanie parametrów hydromorfologicznych w rzece nizinnej na przykładzie Smortawy, Infrastruktura i ekologia terenów wiejskich 4,3,17-24

Adynkiewicz-Piragas, M., Lejcuś, I., (2010) Propozycja wykorzystania oceny hydromorfologicznej w badaniach krajobrazowych regionu pogranicza Nysy Łużyckiej, Problemy Ekologii Krajobrazu, XXVI, 145-160

Agouridis, C.T., Wightman, S.J., Barton, C.D., Gumbert, A.A. [online].(2010) Planting a Riparian Buffer, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Lexington, KY, 40546 Available on the Internet: http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/id/id185/id185.pdf

Basset-Mens, C., Anibar, L., Durand, P., van der Werf H.M.G. (2006) Spatialised fate factors for nitrate in catchments: Modelling approach and implication for LCA results, Science of the Total Environment 367, 367-382

Blackwell, M.S.A., Hogan, D.V., Maltby, E. (1999) The use of Conventionally and alternatively located buffer zones for the removal of nitrate from diffuse agricultural run-off, Water Science and Technology 39,12,157-164

Broadmeadow, S., Nisbet, T.R., (2004) The effects of riparian forest management on the freshwater environment: a literature review of best management practice, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 8, 3, 286-305

Burt, T.P., Pinay, G., Matheson, F.E., Haycock, N.E., Butturini, A., Clement, J.C., Danielescu, S., Dowrick, D.J., Hefting, M.M., Hillbricht-Ilkowska, A., Maitre, V. (2002) Water table fluctuations in the riparian zone: comparative results from a pan-European experiment, Journal of Hydrology, 265, 129-148

Castelle, A.J., Johnson, A.W., Connolly, C. (1994) Wetland and stream buffer size requirements - a review, Journal of Environmental Quality, 23, 878-892

Chang, C.-L., Hsu, T.-H., Wang, Y.-J., Lin, J.-Y., Yu S. L. (2010) Planning for Implementation of Riparian Buffers in the Feitsui Reservoir Watershed, Water Resources Management 24, 2339-2352

Correll, D.L. (2005) Principles of planning and establishment of buffer zones, Ecological Engineering 24, 433-439

Fielding, K.S., Terry, D.J., Masser, B.M., Bordia, P., Hogg, M.A. (2005) Explaining landholders’ decisions about riparian zone management: The role of behavioural, normative, and control beliefs, Journal of Environmental Management, 77, 12-21

Fischer, R.A., Fischenich, J.C. [online]. (2000) Design recommendations for riparian corridors and vegetated buffer strips, EMRRP Technical Notes Collection (ERDC TNEMRRP- SR-24), U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS, www.wes.army.mil/el/emrrp

Fischer, R.A., Martin, C.O., Fischenich, J.C. (2000) Improving riparian buffer strips and corridors for water quality and wildlife, In: International Conference on Riparian Ecology and Management in Multi-land Use Watersheds, American Water Resources Association, August 2000, 1-7

González del Tánago, M., García de Jalón, D., Lara F., Garilleti, R. (2006) Índice RQI para la valoración de las riberas fluviales en el contexto de la Directiva Marco del Agua. Ingeniería Civil, 143: 97-108

Kasprzak, M, (2010) Wezbrania i powodzie na rzekach Dolnego Śląska, In: Wyjątkowe zdarzenia przyrodnicze na Dolnym Śląsku i ich skutki, P. Migoń (eds), Rozprawy Naukowe Instytutu Geografii i Rozwoju Regionalnego 14, Wrocław (In Polish)

Kenwick, R.A, Shammin, Md.R., Sullivan, W.C. 2009 Preferences for riparian buffers, Landscape and Urban Planning, 91, 88-96

Kondracki, J. (2002) Geografia regionalna Polski, Polskie Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa (In Polish)

Lee P., Smyth C., Boutin S. 2004. Quantitative review of riparian buffer width guidelines from Canada and the United States. Journal of Environmental Management 70,165-180

Malczewska, B., Gromada, O., Jawecki, B. (2011) Gospodarka zasobami wodnymi na przykładzie gminy i powiatu Strzelin, Infrastruktura i ekologia terenów wiejskich 7, 133-143

Palone R.S., Todd A.H. (eds) (1997). Chesapeake Bay riparian Handbook: a guide for Establishing and Maintaining Riparian Forest Buffers. USDA Forest Service NATP-02-97, Radnor, PA.

Parzóch, K., Solarska, A. (2008) Antropogeniczna przebudowa den dolinnych Przedgórza Sudeckiego na przykładzie Oławy i Krynki, Landform Analysis, 9, 314-318

Rozporządzenie Rady (We) Nr 1257/1999 z dnia 17 maja 1999 r. w sprawie wsparcia rozwoju obszarów wiejskich ze środków Europejskiego Funduszu Orientacji i Gwarancji Rolnej (Efogr) oraz zmieniające i uchylające niektóre rozporządzenia

Rozporządzenie Rady (We) Nr 73/2009 z dnia 19 stycznia 2009 r. ustanawiające wspólne zasady dla systemów wsparcia bezpośredniego dla rolników w ramach wspólnej polityki rolnej i ustanawiające określone systemy wsparcia dla rolników, zmieniające rozporządzenia (WE) nr 1290/2005, (WE) nr 247/2006, (WE) nr 378/2007 oraz uchylające rozporządzenie (WE) nr 1782/2003

Rozporządzenie Komisji Europejskiej 445/2002 z dnia 26 lutego 2002 r. ustanawiające szczegółowe zasady stosowania rozporządzenia Rady (WE) nr 1257/1999 w sprawie wsparcia rozwoju obszarów wiejskich ze środków Europejskiego Funduszu Orientacji i Gwarancji Rolnej (Efogr)

Schultz, R.C., Isenhart, T.M., Simpkins, W.W., Colletti, J.P. (2004) Riparian forest buffers in agroecosystems - lessons learned from the Bear Creek Watershed, central Iowa, usa, Agroforestry Systems 61,35-50

Contemporary Trends in Geoscience

The Journal of Uniwersytet Slaski

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 128 126 8
PDF Downloads 50 49 2