Dynamical and technological consequences of multiple isolas of steady states in a catalytic fluidised-bed reactor

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Abstract

Steady-state characteristics of a catalytic fluidised bed reactor and its dynamical consequences are analyzed. The occurrence of an untypical steady-state structure manifesting in a form of multiple isolas is described. A two-phase bubbling bed model is used for a quantitative description of the bed of catalyst. The influence of heat exchange intensity and a fluidisation ratio onto the generation of isolated solution branches is presented for two kinetic schemes. Dynamical consequences of the coexistence of such untypical branches of steady states are presented. The impact of linear growth of the fluidisation ratio and step change of the cooling medium temperature onto the desired product yield is analyzed. The results presented in this study confirm that the identification of a region of the occurrence of multiple isolas is important due to their strong impact both on the process start-up and its control.

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Chemical and Process Engineering

The Journal of Committee of Chemical and Process of Polish Academy of Sciences

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IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.971

CiteScore 2016: 1.03

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.395
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.873

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