Influence of the Storage Period on the Quality Characteristics of Table Eggs

Open access


The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the storage period on the quality characteristics of Bovans Brown table eggs. Eggs from 47-week-old hens were sampled on the day of laying and stored in a refrigerator (4°C) for periods of 7, 14, 21, and 28 days. Measurements were performed for each storage period relative to the most important quality parameters of eggs. The following egg parameters were evaluated: weight, weight loss, shell breaking force, albumen height, Haugh units and yolk color. The results obtained show that the albumen height and Haugh unit (HU) were affected by the storage period and are of immense importance. The following parameters were found to be significantly influenced by different storage periods: weight loss (P<0.05), albumen height (P<0.05) and Haugh unit (P<0.01). Rapid reductions in the albumen height were recorded during 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of storage (ranging from 6.90 mm to 6.07mm). Moreover, the Haugh unit values also decreased during storage from 81.27 to 74.89 at 4°C. The present results suggest that the albumen height and the Haugh unit are the most important parameters of egg quality, obtained from commercial layers raised in battery cages, affected by a storage period of 4 weeks.

BARBOSA VC, GASPAR A, CALIXTO LFL, AGOSTINHO TSP 2011: Stability of the pigmentation of egg yolks enriched with omega-3 and carophyll stored at room temperature and under refrigeration. R. Bras. Zootec. 40 (7) 1540-1544, 2011.

CHUNG SH. LEE KW: Effect of Hen Age. Storage Duration and Temperature on Egg Quality in Laying Hens. International Journal of Poultry Science, 13 (11) 634-636, 2014.

FIGUEIREDO T C. VIEGAS R P. LARA L J. BAIÃO N C. SOUZA M R. HENEINE LGD. CANÇADO S V: Poultry Science. 92 (5) 1376–1384, 2013.

FRANCHINI A, SIRRI F, TALLARICO N, MINELLI G, IAFFALDANO N, MELUZZI A: Oxidative stability and sensory and functional properties of eggs from laying hens fed supranutritional doses of vitamins E and C. Poultry Science, 81 1744-1750, 2002.

HAUGH R R: The Haugh unit for measuring egg quality U.S. Egg Poultry Mag. 43, 552-555, 572-573. 937, 1937.

HRNČÁR C, HANUSOVA E, HANUS A, BUJKO J: Effect of genotype on egg quality characteristics of Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica). Slovak J. 47 (6-11), 2014.

ĐUKIĆ STOJČIĆ M, PERIĆ L, BJEDOV S: The effect of storage time on the egg quality characteristics in old laying hens. Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium Modern Trends in Livestock Production, 627-633, 2017.

JIN YH. LEE KT. LEE WI. HAN YK: Effects of storage temperature and time on the quality of eggs from laying hens at peak production. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 24 279-284, 2011.

JONES D R, MUSGROVE M T: Effects of Extended Storage on Egg Quality Factors. Poultry Science 84 1774–1777, 2005.

JONES D R, KARCHER D M, ABDO Z.: Effect of a commercial housing system on egg quality during extended storage. Poult. Sci., 931282–1288, 2014.

MARIA ELENA, C. J., LEONOR, S. G., EDUARDO, M. B., SILVIA, C. D., AVILA, A. G., BENJAMIN, F. M., MIRIAM, R. P., FERNANDO, P. G. R : Shrimp head meal in laying hen rations and its effects on fresh and stored egg quality, INCL, 2006.

OLIVEIRA GE, FIGUEIREDO TC, SOUZA MR, OLIVEIRA AL, CANÇADO SV, GLORIA MBA: Bioactive amines and quality of egg from dekalb hen under different storage conditions. Poultry Science 88 (11) 2428-2434, 2009.

PAVLOVSKI Z, ŠKRBIĆ Z, CMILJANIĆ R, LUKIĆ M: Sistem garantovanog kvaliteta jaja u odnosu na propise EU i zahteve potrošača. Savremena poljoprivreda, 56, (1-2) 75-82, 2007.

ROBERTS J R: Factors affecting internal quality and egg shell quality in laying hens, Journal of Poultry Science, 41 1661-177, 2004.

SAMLI HE, AGMA A, SENKOYLU N: Effects of storage time and temperature on egg quality in old laying hens. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 14 548-553, 2005.

SANTOS M S V, ESPÍNDOLA G B, LÔBO R N B, FREITAS E R, GUERRA J L L, SANTOS A B E:. Efeito da temperatura e estocagem em ovos. Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos, 29(3) 513-517, 2009.

SILVERSIDES F G, SCOTT T A: Effect of storage and layer age on quality of eggs from two lines of hens. Poultry Science, 80 1240-1245, 2001.

SILVERIDES F G, KORVER D R, BUDGELL K L: Effect of strain of layer and age at photostimulation on egg production, egg quality, and bone strength. Poultry Science, 85 1136-1144, 2006.

Contemporary Agriculture

The Serbian Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 112 112 42
PDF Downloads 79 79 26