Growth and Development of Triticum Monococcum L., Triticum Dicoccum Sch. and Triticum Spelta L. in Organic Farming Conditions

Open access

Summary

During the 2014-2016 period in Agroecological Center at the Agricultural University - Plovdiv, Bulgaria growth and development of three species of wheat in terms of organic farming had been tracked in order to return the species in the crop rotation, maintenance of biodiversity and receiving of cleaner and healthy products from organic farms. The three species of wheat Triticum monococcum L., Triticum dicoccum Sch, and Triticum spelta L., differ between its rate of growth, development, general and productive tillering. In tillering phase the plants reached 12,3 cm of height for Triticum monococcum L., 15,7 cm for Triticum spelta L. and 19,4 cm for Triticum dicoccum Sch. Triticum monococcum L. and Triticum dicoccum Sch, reached ear formation phase 5 days earlier than Triticum spelta L. The interfacial period of stem elongation - ear formation in them, was about 21 days compared to 25 days for Triticum spelta L.. From ear formation to full maturity inter-phase periods were shorter in Triticum dicoccum Sch., which specifies the species as an early mature (6 days earlier) compared to the other two. After phenophase of stem elongation plants were growing the most intensive and in full ripeness reached a height of 94 cm in Triticum monococcum L., 81,5 cm in Triticum dicoccum Sch. and 82,5 cm in Triticum spelta L.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • AHMAD F ASENSTORFER R SORIANO I MARES D: Effect of temperature on lutein esterification and lutein stability in wheat grain. Journal of Cereal Science 58(3) 408–413 2013.

  • BOJNANSKA T FRANCAKOVA H: The use of spelt wheat (Triticum spelta L.) for baking applications Rostlinna Vyroba 48(4) 141-147 2002.

  • CICCORITTI R CARBONE K BELLATO S POGNA N SGRULLETTA D: Content and relative composition of some phytochemicals in diploid tetraploid and hexaploid Triticum species with potential nutraceutical properties. Journal of Cereal Science xxx 1-7 2012.

  • DUNCAN V. Multiple – range and multiple F – test Biometrics 1995

  • GULIANI A KARAGÖZ A ZENCIRCI N: Emmer (Triticum dicoccon)production and market potential in marginal mountainous areas of Turkey. Mountain Research and Development 29(3) 220-229 2009.

  • HIDALGO A BRONDOLINI A: Nitritional properties of einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum L.). J. Sci Food Agric 94:601-612 2014.

  • KARAGÖZ AL: Wheat Landraces of Turkey. Emir. J. Food Agric. 26 (2): 149-156 doi: 10.9755/ejfa.v26i2.16397 2014.

  • PIZZUTI D BUDA A DODORICO A DINCA R CHIARELLI S CURIONI A MARTINES D: Lack of intestinal mucosal toxicity of Triticum monococcum in celiac disease patients. Scand J Gastroenterol. Nov;41(11):1305-11 2006.

  • SAS Institute Inc.1999. SAS Procedures Guide SPSS for Microsoft Windows V.94 edition.

  • VLAHOVA V: Bio Fertilizers - an environmentally friendly approach in modern agriculture. Overview. Scientific Fellowship for Agricultural and Forest Science XII (3-4) 70-76 2013.

  • WOLFE M BARESEL J DESCLAUX D GOLDRINGER I HOAD S KOVACS G LÖSCHENBERGER MIEDANER T OSTERGARD H LAMMERTS VAN BUEREN E: Developments in breeding cereals for organic agriculture. Euphitica 163:323 – 346 DOI 10.1007/s1081-008-9690-9 2008.

  • ZAHARIEVA M MONNEVEUX PH: Cultivated einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum L. subsp. monococcum): the long life of a founder crop of agriculture. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 61(3) 677-706 2014.

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 435 222 14
PDF Downloads 208 138 8