Some Wheat Varieties Behavior Regarding the Attack of Main Pathogens Under Climatic Conditions from Central Area of Moldavia, Romania

Open access


Due to the attack of the main pathogens agents in the wheat crop the wheat production is not exploited at the full potential. Powdery mildew, leaf spot and rust brown leaves are considered to be the most widespread and damaging diseases of wheat. In our country, the attack of these pathogens is present every year, with different intensities and it can cause production damages ranging from 3-4% to 20%. Due to this fact, the main attention of the farmers is to cultivate resistant wheat varieties to Blumeria graminis (DC.) Speer., Septoria tritici Rob. Desm. and Puccinia recondita Rob. et Desm. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the phytosanitary condition of 24 wheat varieties cultivated in 2011-2012 at the Ezăreni didactic Farm from University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Iaşi, Romania, localized in the central area of Moldavia. This study contains data regarding the spread and evolution of the main pathogens that were observed at the 24 wheat varieties studied. These varieties showed different reactions to different pathogens observed in the same environmental conditions thus some of them were resistant to Blumeria graminis (DC.) Speer. and Septoria tritici Rob. ex. Desm. attack, and some recorded a disease incidence of 18.75% at the Puccinia recondita Rob. et Desm attack.

Bennett F.G.A., 1984 - Resistance to powdery mildew in wheat: a review of its use in agriculture and breeding programmes, Plant Pathology., 33: 279-300.

Hatman M., Caia Didina, 1973 - Posibilităţi de prevenire şi combatere a făinării la cereale produsă de ciuperca Erysiphe graminis DC. (Possibilities to prevent and combat the mildew in cereals caused by fungus Erysiphe graminis DC.). Cercetări Agronomice în Moldova, Vol IV, Nr. 2, Iaşi, România.

Hatman M., Iacob Viorica, 1981 - Metodica avertizării tratamentelor foliare împotriva făinării grâului (Erysiphe graminis) (Methodology of warning the foliar treatments against wheat powdery mildew). Lucrări ştiinţifice, Seria Agronomie, Institutul Agronomic Iaşi.

Hulea Ana, Comes I., Hatman M.,Cebotariu V., Belu V., Ursu C.,Mustea D., Munteanu I., 1963 - Corelaţia dintre apariţia şi dezvoltarea ruginilor grâului şi condiţiile climatice din anii 1985-1962 (Correlation between occurrence and development wheat rusts and climatic conditions during 1985-1962). Analele secţiei de Protecţia plantelor, Bucureşti.

Marsalis M.A., Goldberg Natalie P.,2006 - Leaf, stem and stripe rust disease of wheat, New Mexico State University (Guide A-415).

Pastircak M., 2005 - Occurrence of Mycosphaerella graminicola, teleomorph of Septoria tritici, in Slovakia Phytoparasitica 33(4):377-37.

Pretorius Z.A., Singh R.P., Payne T.S.,2000 - Detection of Virulence to Wheat Stem Rust Resistance Gene Sr31 in Puccinia graminis. f. sp. tritici in Uganda, Plant Dis., Vol. 84, No. 2:203.

Saari, E.E., Prescott J.M., 1975 - A scale for appraising the foliar intensity of wheat diseases. Plant Dis.Rep.59:377-380.

Severin V., Cornea Călina-Petruţa, 2009 - Ghid pentru diagnoza bolilor plantelor (Guidelines for diagnosis of plant). Edit. Ceres, Bucureşti.

***, 2011 -

Cercetari Agronomice in Moldova

The Journal of “Ion Ionescu De La Brad” University of Agricultural Sciences And Veterinary Medicine of Iasi

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 95 58 4
PDF Downloads 52 39 2